• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/52

Click to flip

52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How was military service viewed by the ancient Greeks?
seen as a duty and an honor
What 2 types of enemies did the Greek city-states need to protect their independence from?
barbarians and other Greeks
Please define a hoplite and a phalanx.
Hoplite- Greek foot soldiers
Phalanx-a long block of soldiers so that they were densely compacted when they charged so that the full weight of men and shields would smash the enemies
Who were the helots and how did the fear of the helot revolt transform the Spartan society?
Helots-state-owned slaves
The spartans obsessed over war because they thought that the helots were going to overpower them since they had the larger numbers
What 2 things did the Spartans do to prevent a helot revolt, and what were the 3 things they did to be always prepared for it just in case?
Re-declare war on helots and have people kill "dangerous" or "potential helot leaders"

Ppl were required to serve from the age of 7-60, barred from running business or holding civilian jobs, forbidden from traveling
What does it mean “to speak laconically”? Give an example of laconic speech/phrase.
to express a lot with few words
What is the origin of the word “laconic”?
after Laconia
What is the present-day meaning of the word “spartan” as a noun and an adjective? Give an example.
rough, tough
Strong as a spartan
What was the purpose of not giving Spartan boys enough to eat?
to make them have to steal
What was the purpose of making them steal?
so they can practice stealth
What were they punished for if caught stealing?
punished for getting caught
Why do we study just Sparta and Athens out of over 1000?
the largest, most influential, know most about it
Why do we know so much about Athens and Sparta (different reasons for each of them)?
Athenians- left a lot of artifacts and documents
Spartans- everyone else who was fascinated with the Spartans (other Greeks, enemies) kept records
What kind of attitude did all the Greek poleis, including Sparta, share regarding women?
women were inferior to men, not equal, second class citizens
How did the status of women differ from that in most other Greek city-states?
educated
owned land
freed to move about
strong and athletic
what did the battle of Thermopylae become a symbol of?
the last stand to the death
What was the point of The Last Samurai?
they mentioned the battle of Thermopylae, the battle was not completely pointless
What is so special about the athenian democracy?
the first one
What were all future democracies modeled after?
the Athenians
Why did working class women have more freedom to move about than their middle/upper class counterparts?
sometimes they had to work outside of the household
How can you use the word “gym” to show the Greek admiration for the beauty of the human body?
Gymnasium-to work out naked
Why was the preoccupation with physical fitness so typically Greek?
to make good soldiers
Who was King Leonidas and what was the objective of his mission at Thermopylae?
one of two Spartan kings
Stall the Persians
Why did Leonidas and his soldiers need to stall the Persian advance?
stall the persians-to give Athenians enough time to evacuate the city
Who fought in the Peloponnesian War, why did it become the most devastating war in Greek history, and why was it “almost” a civil war?
Greeks vs. Greeks
were not a unified country
What does the Greek uniqueness have to do with sports, as in “they were the first to come up with the idea of…”, etc.?
using their own free time to train and compete in athletic skills
Why can we say that the Greeks were the 1st jocks evah?
first to focus so much on sports
What are the 2 differences between the original and modern Olympics in terms of who can participate?
women and non-greeks were barred
In what 3 ways do people all over the world still benefit from the Greek invention of sports?
playing sports, watching sports, and making money off of sports
Why did the Greeks generally believe that it’s worth questioning everything and anything in the world, including faith?
without questioning the things around us, we will never know the answers
What qualifications were needed (or not) to make it into the Athenian government or jury courts?
a citizen and a man, free
What was the main advantage of the lottery system in the eyes of the Athenians?
an equal chance given to all citizens
What did you have to be, and what did you have to do, in order to participate in the lottery?
be a citizen
pick a straw
What did they call those who did not take an active part in running the country/participating in the lottery, and why did they despise such people?
idiots-dumb and good oppurtunity that ur giving away
What is the main difference between a barbarian and a librarian?
barbarians say bar bar bar and libraians say shuuuuu
What qualifications were needed (or not) to make it into the Athenian government or jury courts?
a citizen and a man, free
How did Athens and Sparta normally see each other and why would the Greek city-states often wage war on each other?
as rivals--various reasons-protect independence
What was the main advantage of the lottery system in the eyes of the Athenians?
an equal chance given to all citizens
How did the war with the Persians affect the Greek attitudes towards each other?
affected everyone
What did you have to be, and what did you have to do, in order to participate in the lottery?
be a citizen
pick a straw
You will be given the picture of the bronze statue of the Greek boxer and asked to explain how the man’s appearance gives away the fact that he was a boxer?
cauliflower ear, broken nose, brass knuckles
What did they call those who did not take an active part in running the country/participating in the lottery, and why did they despise such people?
idiots-dumb and good oppurtunity that ur giving away
What is the modern day meaning of “to ostracize”?
to outcast from society
What is the main difference between a barbarian and a librarian?
barbarians say bar bar bar and libraians say shuuuuu
What was education like in Athens both for boys and for girls: balanced or not, what subjects were studied, mandatory or not, etc.?
Boys-balanced-had everything
Girls-taught at home
How did Athens and Sparta normally see each other and why would the Greek city-states often wage war on each other?
as rivals--various reasons-protect independence
How did the war with the Persians affect the Greek attitudes towards each other?
affected everyone
You will be given the picture of the bronze statue of the Greek boxer and asked to explain how the man’s appearance gives away the fact that he was a boxer?
cauliflower ear, broken nose, brass knuckles
What is the modern day meaning of “to ostracize”?
to outcast from society
What was education like in Athens both for boys and for girls: balanced or not, what subjects were studied, mandatory or not, etc.?
Boys-balanced-had everything
Girls-taught at home
What did Socrates say about his own extent of knowledge?
All I know is that I know is nothing
What was the Olympic Truce and what were its 2 main objectives?
Stop the war and do the olympics-two weeks before and two weeks after
For safe travel and so that warriors could compete