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92 Cards in this Set

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belligerent
1. warlike; given to waging war.
2. of warlike character; aggressively hostile; bellicose: a belligerent tone.
3. waging war; engaged in war: a peace treaty between belligerent powers.
4. pertaining to war or to those engaged in war: belligerent rights.
–noun 5. a state or nation at war.
6. a member of the military forces of such a state.
indictment
2. Law. a formal accusation initiating a criminal case, presented by a grand jury and usually required for felonies and other serious crimes.
3. any charge, accusation, serious criticism, or cause for blame.
erudite
characterized by great knowledge; learned or scholarly: an erudite professor; an erudite commentary.
polemic
1. a controversial argument, as one against some opinion, doctrine, etc.
2. a person who argues in opposition to another; controversialist.
–adjective 3. Also, po·lem·i·cal. of or pertaining to a polemic; controversial.
bigotry
1. stubborn and complete intolerance of any creed, belief, or opinion that differs from one's own.
2. the actions, beliefs, prejudices, etc., of a bigot.
nihilism
1. total rejection of established laws and institutions.
2. anarchy, terrorism, or other revolutionary activity.
3. total and absolute destructiveness, esp. toward the world at large and including oneself: the power-mad nihilism that marked Hitler's last years.
4. Philosophy. a. an extreme form of skepticism: the denial of all real existence or the possibility of an objective basis for truth.
b. nothingness or nonexistence.

5. (sometimes initial capital letter) the principles of a Russian revolutionary group, active in the latter half of the 19th century, holding that existing social and political institutions must be destroyed in order to clear the way for a new state of society and employing extreme measures, including terrorism and assassination.
6. annihilation of the self, or the individual consciousness, esp. as an aspect of mystical experience.
ingratiating
to establish (oneself) in the favor or good graces of others, esp. by deliberate effort (usually fol. by with): He ingratiated himself with all the guests.
impudent
1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by impertinence or effrontery: The student was kept late for impudent behavior.
2. Obsolete. shameless or brazenly immodest.
vicarious
1. performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another: vicarious punishment.
2. taking the place of another person or thing; acting or serving as a substitute.
3. felt or enjoyed through imagined participation in the experience of others: a vicarious thrill.
4. Physiology. noting or pertaining to a situation in which one organ performs part of the functions normally performed by another.
zeal
fervor for a person, cause, or object; eager desire or endeavor; enthusiastic diligence; ardor.
zealous
full of, characterized by, or due to zeal; ardently active, devoted, or diligent.
enfranchise
1. to grant a franchise to; admit to citizenship, esp. to the right of voting.
2. to endow (a city, constituency, etc.) with municipal or parliamentary rights.
3. to set free; liberate, as from slavery.
irreverent
1. a feeling or attitude of deep respect tinged with awe; veneration.
2. the outward manifestation of this feeling: to pay reverence.
3. a gesture indicative of deep respect; an obeisance, bow, or curtsy.
4. the state of being revered.
5. (initial capital letter) a title used in addressing or mentioning a member of the clergy (usually prec. by your or his).
–verb (used with object) 6. to regard or treat with reverence; venerate: One should reverence God and His laws.
exultant
exulting; highly elated; jubilant; triumphant.
eviscerate
1. to remove the entrails from; disembowel: to eviscerate a chicken.
2. to deprive of vital or essential parts: The censors eviscerated the book to make it inoffensive to the leaders of the party.
3. Surgery. to remove the contents of (a body organ).
disavow
to disclaim knowledge of, connection with, or responsibility for; disown; repudiate: He disavowed the remark that had been attributed to him.
plaint
1. a complaint.
2. Law. a statement of grievance made to a court for the purpose of asking redress.
3. a lament; lamentation.
derisively
characterized by or expressing derision; contemptuous; mocking: derisive heckling.
trenchant
1. incisive or keen, as language or a person; caustic; cutting: trenchant wit.
2. vigorous; effective; energetic: a trenchant policy of political reform.
3. clearly or sharply defined; clear-cut; distinct.
expurgate
1. to amend by removing words, passages, etc., deemed offensive or objectionable: Most children read an expurgated version of Grimms' fairy tales.
2. to purge or cleanse of moral offensiveness.
tacit
1. understood without being openly expressed; implied: tacit approval.
2. silent; saying nothing: a tacit partner.
3. unvoiced or unspoken: a tacit prayer.
empiricism
1. empirical method or practice.
2. Philosophy. the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience. Compare rationalism (def. 2).
3. undue reliance upon experience, as in medicine; quackery.
4. an empirical conclusion.
assiduously
1. constant; unremitting: assiduous reading.
2. constant in application or effort; working diligently at a task; persevering; industrious; attentive: an assiduous student.
insidious
1. intended to entrap or beguile: an insidious plan.
2. stealthily treacherous or deceitful: an insidious enemy.
3. operating or proceeding in an inconspicuous or seemingly harmless way but actually with grave effect: an insidious disease.
aphorism
a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation, as “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” (Lord Acton).
inveighed
To give vent to angry disapproval; protest vehemently.
aghast
struck with overwhelming shock or amazement; filled with sudden fright or horror: They stood aghast at the sight of the plane crashing.
televangelist
an evangelist who regularly conducts religious services on television.
effrontery
1. shameless or impudent boldness; barefaced audacity: She had the effrontery to ask for two free samples.
2. an act or instance of this.
capricious
1. subject to, led by, or indicative of caprice or whim; erratic: He's such a capricious boss I never know how he'll react.
2. Obsolete. fanciful or witty.
rapt
1. deeply engrossed or absorbed: a rapt listener.
2. transported with emotion; enraptured: rapt with joy.
3. showing or proceeding from rapture: a rapt smile.
4. carried off spiritually to another place, sphere of existence, etc.
obstetrics
the branch of medical science concerned with childbirth and caring for and treating women in or in connection with childbirth. Abbreviation: OB, ob
assailed
To attack with or as if with violent blows; assault.
To attack verbally, as with ridicule or censure. See Synonyms at attack.
To trouble; beset: was assailed by doubts.
indignant
feeling, characterized by, or expressing strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting, or base: indignant remarks; an indignant expression on his face.
abject
1. utterly hopeless, miserable, humiliating, or wretched: abject poverty.
2. contemptible; despicable; base-spirited: an abject coward.
3. shamelessly servile; slavish.
4. Obsolete. cast aside.
shied
–verb (used without object) 9. (esp. of a horse) to start back or aside, as in fear.
10. to draw back; recoil.
exalted
1. raised or elevated, as in rank or character; of high station: an exalted personage.
2. noble or elevated; lofty: an exalted style of writing.
3. rapturously excited.
rapture
–noun 1. ecstatic joy or delight; joyful ecstasy.
2. Often, raptures. an utterance or expression of ecstatic delight.
3. the carrying of a person to another place or sphere of existence.
4. the Rapture, Theology. the experience, anticipated by some fundamentalist Christians, of meeting Christ midway in the air upon his return to earth.
5. Archaic. the act of carrying off.
imputed
1. to attribute or ascribe: The children imputed magical powers to the old woman.
2. to attribute or ascribe (something discreditable), as to a person.
3. Law. to ascribe to or charge (a person) with an act or quality because of the conduct of another over whom one has control or for whose acts or conduct one is responsible.
4. Theology. to attribute (righteousness, guilt, etc.) to a person or persons vicariously; ascribe as derived from another.
5. Obsolete. to charge (a person) with fault.
deferred
–verb (used with object) 1. to put off (action, consideration, etc.) to a future time: The decision has been deferred by the board until next week.
2. to exempt temporarily from induction into military service.
–verb (used without object) 3. to put off action; delay.
insatiable
not satiable; incapable of being satisfied or appeased: insatiable hunger for knowledge.
ecumenical
1. general; universal.
2. pertaining to the whole Christian church.
3. promoting or fostering Christian unity throughout the world.
4. of or pertaining to a movement (ecumenical movement), esp. among Protestant groups since the 1800s, aimed at achieving universal Christian unity and church union through international interdenominational organizations that cooperate on matters of mutual concern.
5. interreligious or interdenominational: an ecumenical marriage.
6. including or containing a mixture of diverse elements or styles; mixed: an ecumenical meal of German, Italian, and Chinese dishes.
aberration
–noun 1. the act of departing from the right, normal, or usual course.
2. the act of deviating from the ordinary, usual, or normal type.
3. deviation from truth or moral rectitude.
4. mental irregularity or disorder, esp. of a minor or temporary nature; lapse from a sound mental state.
5. Astronomy. apparent displacement of a heavenly body, owing to the motion of the earth in its orbit.
6. Optics. any disturbance of the rays of a pencil of light such that they can no longer be brought to a sharp focus or form a clear image.
7. Photography. a defect in a camera lens or lens system, due to flaws in design, material, or construction, that can distort the image.
pusillanimous
1. lacking courage or resolution; cowardly; faint-hearted; timid.
2. proceeding from or indicating a cowardly spirit.
affront
To insult intentionally, especially openly. See Synonyms at offend.

To meet defiantly; confront.
Obsolete To meet or encounter face to face.

n.
An open or intentional offense, slight, or insult: Such behavior is an affront to society.
Obsolete A hostile encounter or meeting.
deplored
1. to regret deeply or strongly; lament: to deplore the present state of morality.
2. to disapprove of; censure.
3. to feel or express deep grief for or in regard to: The class deplored the death of their teacher.
bowdlerized
to expurgate (a written work) by removing or modifying passages considered vulgar or objectionable.
exiles
.

Enforced removal from one's native country.
Self-imposed absence from one's country.
The condition or a period of living away from one's native country.
One who lives away from one's native country, whether because of expulsion or voluntary absence.
sectarian
1. of or pertaining to sectaries or sects.
2. narrowly confined or devoted to a particular sect.
3. narrowly confined or limited in interest, purpose, scope, etc.
–noun 4. a member of a sect.
5. a bigoted or narrow-minded adherent of a sect.
malevolent
1. wishing evil or harm to another or others; showing ill will; ill-disposed; malicious: His failures made him malevolent toward those who were successful.
2. evil; harmful; injurious: a malevolent inclination to destroy the happiness of others.
3. Astrology. evil or malign in influence.
indignation
strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting, or base; righteous anger.
talisman
1. a stone, ring, or other object, engraved with figures or characters supposed to possess occult powers and worn as an amulet or charm.
2. any amulet or charm.
3. anything whose presence exercises a remarkable or powerful influence on human feelings or actions.
incite
to stir, encourage, or urge on; stimulate or prompt to action: to incite a crowd to riot.
tendentious
having or showing a definite tendency, bias, or purpose: a tendentious novel.
conscionable
being in conformity with one's conscience; just.
vetting
2. to examine or treat in one's capacity as a veterinarian or as a doctor.
3. to appraise, verify, or check for accuracy, authenticity, validity, etc.: An expert vetted the manuscript before publication.
immutable
not mutable; unchangeable; changeless.
lucidity
1. easily understood; completely intelligible or comprehensible: a lucid explanation.
2. characterized by clear perception or understanding; rational or sane: a lucid moment in his madness.
3. shining or bright.
4. clear; pellucid; transparent.
obscurantist
1. opposition to the increase and spread of knowledge.
2. deliberate obscurity or evasion of clarity.
draconian
1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Draco or his code of laws.
2. (often lowercase) rigorous; unusually severe or cruel: Draconian forms of punishment.
kitsch
something of tawdry design, appearance, or content created to appeal to popular or undiscriminating taste.
deity
1. a god or goddess.
2. divine character or nature, esp. that of the Supreme Being; divinity.
3. the estate or rank of a god: The king attained deity after his death.
4. a person or thing revered as a god or goddess: a society in which money is the only deity.
5. the Deity, God; Supreme Being.
salient
–adjective 1. prominent or conspicuous: salient traits.
2. projecting or pointing outward: a salient angle.
3. leaping or jumping: a salient animal.
4. Heraldry. (of a beast) represented as leaping: a lion salient.
–noun 5. a salient angle or part, as the central outward-projecting angle of a bastion or an outward projection in a battle line.
6. Physical Geography. a landform that extends out beyond its surroundings, as a spur projecting from the side of a mountain. Compare reentrant (def. 4).
phenomenology
1. the study of phenomena.
2. the system of Husserl and his followers stressing the description of phenomena.
decry
1. to speak disparagingly of; denounce as faulty or worthless; express censure of: She decried the lack of support for the arts in this country.
2. to condemn or depreciate by proclamation, as foreign or obsolete coins.
apotheosis
1. the elevation or exaltation of a person to the rank of a god.
2. the ideal example; epitome; quintessence: This poem is the apotheosis of lyric expression.
souse
–verb (used with object) 1. to plunge into water or other liquid; immerse.
2. to drench, as with water.
3. to dash or pour, as water.
4. to steep in pickling brine; pickle.
–verb (used without object) 5. to plunge into water or other liquid.
6. to be soaked or drenched.
7. to be steeping or soaking in something.
–noun 8. an act of sousing.
9. something kept or steeped in pickle, esp. the head, ears, and feet of a pig.
10. a liquid used as a pickle.
11. Slang. a drunkard.
vindictive
1. disposed or inclined to revenge; vengeful: a vindictive person.
2. proceeding from or showing a revengeful spirit: vindictive rumors.
meek
1. humbly patient or docile, as under provocation from others.
2. overly submissive or compliant; spiritless; tame.
3. Obsolete. gentle; kind.
assent
1. to agree or concur; subscribe to (often fol. by to): to assent to a statement.
2. to give in; yield; concede: Assenting to his demands, I did as I was told.
–noun 3. agreement, as to a proposal; concurrence.
4. acquiescence; compliance.
misogyny
hatred, dislike, or mistrust of women
pestilential
1. producing or tending to produce pestilence.
2. pertaining to or of the nature of pestilence, esp. bubonic plague.
3. pernicious; harmful.
4. annoyingly troublesome.
pestilence
1. a deadly or virulent epidemic disease.
2. bubonic plague.
3. something that is considered harmful, destructive, or evil.
mawkish
1. characterized by sickly sentimentality; weakly emotional; maudlin.
2. having a mildly sickening flavor; slightly nauseating.
pernicious
1. causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful: pernicious teachings; a pernicious lie.
2. deadly; fatal: a pernicious disease.
3. Obsolete. evil; wicked.
animism
1. the belief that natural objects, natural phenomena, and the universe itself possess souls.
2. the belief that natural objects have souls that may exist apart from their material bodies.
3. the doctrine that the soul is the principle of life and health.
4. belief in spiritual beings or agencies.
insipidly
1. without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities; vapid: an insipid personality.
2. without sufficient taste to be pleasing, as food or drink; bland: a rather insipid soup.
instantiate
to provide an instance of or concrete evidence in support of (a theory, concept, claim, or the like).
de facto
1. in fact; in reality: Although his title was prime minister, he was de facto president of the country. Although the school was said to be open to all qualified students, it still practiced de facto segregation.
2. actually existing, esp. when without lawful authority (distinguished from de jure).
3. Australian. a person who lives in an intimate relationship with but is not married to a person of the opposite sex; lover.
megalomania
1. Psychiatry. a symptom of mental illness marked by delusions of greatness, wealth, etc.
2. an obsession with doing extravagant or grand things.
sado-masochism
The perversion of deriving pleasure, especially sexual pleasure, from simultaneous sadism and masochism.
insouciant
free from concern, worry, or anxiety; carefree; nonchalant.
staunchly
Firm and steadfast; true. See Synonyms at faithful.
Having a strong or substantial construction or constitution.
enmity
a feeling or condition of hostility; hatred; ill will; animosity; antagonism
acrimony
sharpness, harshness, or bitterness of nature, speech, disposition, etc.: The speaker attacked him with great acrimony.
dissent
1. to differ in sentiment or opinion, esp. from the majority; withhold assent; disagree (often fol. by from): Two of the justices dissented from the majority decision.
2. to disagree with the methods, goals, etc., of a political party or government; take an opposing view.
3. to disagree with or reject the doctrines or authority of an established church.
–noun 4. difference of sentiment or opinion.
5. dissenting opinion.
6. disagreement with the philosophy, methods, goals, etc., of a political party or government.
7. separation from an established church, esp. the Church of England; nonconformity.
religiosity
1. the quality of being religious; piety; devoutness.
2. affected or excessive devotion to religion.
tithe
–noun 1. Sometimes, tithes. the tenth part of agricultural produce or personal income set apart as an offering to God or for works of mercy, or the same amount regarded as an obligation or tax for the support of the church, priesthood, or the like.
2. any tax, levy, or the like, esp. of one-tenth.
3. a tenth part or any indefinitely small part of anything.
–verb (used with object) 4. to give or pay a tithe or tenth of (produce, money, etc.).
5. to give or pay tithes on (crops, income, etc.).
6. to exact a tithe from (a person, community, parish, etc.).
7. to levy a tithe on (crops, income, etc.).
–verb (used without object) 8. to give or pay a tithe.
aegis
1. Classical Mythology. the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its center the head of the Gorgon.
2. protection; support: under the imperial aegis.
3. sponsorship; auspices: a debate under the aegis of the League of Women Voters.
inoculate
1. to implant (a disease agent or antigen) in a person, animal, or plant to produce a disease for study or to stimulate disease resistance.
2. to affect or treat (a person, animal, or plant) in this manner.
3. to introduce (microorganisms) into surroundings suited to their growth, as a culture medium.
4. to imbue (a person), as with ideas.
5. Metallurgy. to treat (molten metal) chemically to strengthen the microstructure.
–verb (used without object) 6. to perform inoculation.
homage
1. respect or reverence paid or rendered: In his speech he paid homage to Washington and Jefferson.
2. the formal public acknowledgment by which a feudal tenant or vassal declared himself to be the man or vassal of his lord, owing him fealty and service.
3. the relation thus established of a vassal to his lord.
4. something done or given in acknowledgment or consideration of the worth of another: a Festschrift presented as an homage to a great teacher.
imbue
1. to impregnate or inspire, as with feelings, opinions, etc.: The new political leader was imbued with the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
2. to saturate or impregnate with moisture, color, etc.
3. to imbrue.