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34 Cards in this Set

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Achilles Heel
A single vulnerable spot

Comes from the legend that
Achilles was destined to die in battle so his mother bathed him in the River Styx everywhere except his heel which was hit with an arrow during battle and it killed him.
Adonis
An extremely handsome young man

Adonis was a young man with whom Aphrodite fell in love with but was killed fighting a wild boar, and because Aphrodite grieved so much she was permitted by Zeus to spend part of each year in the Underworld with him.
aegis
Sponsorship or protection

in Greek Mythology and aegis was a piece of armor worn by Zeus and later Athena.
amazon
A powerful masculine woman

the Amazon were a legendary race of female warriors who often fought the Greeks.
Atlas
A collection of Maps

Atlas was a Titan who was forced to support the earth on his shoulders.
Cassandra
A person who warns of coming evil but whose prophecies are disregarded.

Cassandra was a Trojan princess with whom Apollo fell in love and to win her over he gave her the gift of prophecy, but when she didn't return his love rather than take away her gift he made it to where nobody would listen to her.
chimera
A foolish or idle fancy.

A monster who had the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tale of a dragon.
Elysium
A place or state of blissful happiness.

In Greek mythology the Elysian Fields were known as something like as heaven.
Gorgon
Something so ugly as to petrify anyone who looks at it.
halcyon
Calm and peaceful.

Comes from the belief that the kingfisher also called halcyon by the Greeks had it young and when it did it calmed the seas.
herculean
Very strong and powerful

Son of Zeus Hercules was the strongest of the gods.
hydra
A persistent evil

Poisonous creature with 9 heads and whenever one was cut off 2 grew back.
labyrnith
A complicated arrangement of mazes, passageways, or roads

The original Labyrinth was a huge maze designed to house the minotaur
mentor
A wise counselor

Comes from the name of the faithful adviser to whom Odysseus entrusted the education of his son.
Midas
A very rich man
narcissism
An abnormal attachment to one's own appearance and personality
Nemesis
Retribution, or one who inflicts retribution

Nemesis was a goddess who liked chaos and punished everyone for their sins
Oedipus
An abnormal attachment to one's parent of the opposite sex with corresponding hostility to the other.

Oedipus was the subject of a tragedy who was destined to marry his mother and kill his father.
Olympian
Exalted and majestic
Paean
A song of thanksgiving or praise
procrustrean
Forcing rigid conformity

Legendary highway man
protean
Extremely changeable

Proteus was the herdsman of the sea who could change shape at will.
siren
Seductive
stentorian
Very loud

Stentor who was the herald of the Greek army was said to have a voice as loud as 50 men
Stygian
Dark and gloomy

Having to do with the River Styx which was the river of the underworld so it was very dark and gloomy
Croesus
A very rich man

A historical figure his kingdom was among the first to use coins
Draconian
Extremely severe

Draco created very strict laws
Epicure
A person of refined taste in matters of food and drink

Epicurus was the founder of a school that taught that the supreme goal of life should be pleasure
laconic
Brief, pithy, and concise

Describes the Spartans who were very short in their answers and once when threatened with battle they said only if...
Ostracism
Exclusion from society
Phillipic
A bitter denunciation

When king Philip turned the Greek city states against one another by spreading rumors
Solecism
A substandard usage of language, or a social blunder
Sophistry
Clever but deceptive argumentation meant to mislead
Sybarite
one devoted to luxury and pleasure

Sybaris was a Greek colony in southern Italy known for its wealth.