Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/192

Click to flip

192 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
tropo-
turn, turning towards
heliotrope
flower that turns towards sun (helios= sun, tropo = turn)
tropism
characteristic of turning towards
trophy
award (passed in turn from person to person)
phototropism
turns towards the light
gastro-
stomach
gastronomy
gastronome
study/enjoyment of food
one who enjoys food
gastroscope
device to see inside stomach
gastropod
"stomach - foot" = snail, slug
gastroenteritis
stomach infection
arthro-
joint
arthropod
jointed + foot = spiders, scorpions
arthraligia
arthro + algia = joint + pain
arthroscopic
surgical tool, sees inside joint
ventri-
belly
ventriloquist
ventri + loquist = belly + talk = person who talks without moving his mouth
ventral
the belly (front) surface of the body
ventricle
sack of fluid in the brain (in animals brains it is on the belly or downward side of the brain)
dorsoventral
in anatomy - the axis from belly to back (in contrast with the head-to-tail axis)
dorsum
dorsal fin
back (anatomy) -
big fin on a fish's or dolphin's back
macro
large
macrobiotic
large + life = health food diet very rich in vitamins, minerals, etc.
macrocephalic
large headed
macrocosm
big universe
macroscopic
big enough to be seen
dextrose
sugar
dextral
right handed
dexterity
dexterous
dextro = right
dexterity = skillful use of the hand (noun)
dexterous = using the hand skillfully (adverb/adjective)
brachycephalic
short skull (from back to front)
brachy = short
brachypterous
brachy = short
brachycranic
brachy = short
brachylogy
brachy = short
brachiopod
brachio = arm
brachiation (n)
brachiate (v)
brachium (n)
brachio = arm
swinging thru trees using arms
branchiopod
branchiate
branchia
branchio = gills
kinetic
kin = motion
kinetic = moving, movement
kinescope
old type of moving picture
kin = move, scope = see
hypokinesia
hyperkinetic
hypo = not enough movement, slow or sluggish

hyperkinetic = hyperactive
telekinesis
tele = over a distance
kin = move
telekinesis = mental power to move things that you are not touching
phylo-
phylum, phyla, subphylum
phylogeny, phylogenesis
kind
(terms in biological classification of animals and plants)
apogeotropism
tropo = turn towards
hypogastric
hypo = not enough,
gastro= stomach
arthrospore
arthro = joint
macron
macro = large
blasto-
blastocyst
blastogenesis
erythroblast
embryo
blastocyst = embryonic cell that can grow into a human
erythroblast = embryonic cell that becomes a red blood cell
dactylo-
dactylic
dactylology
dactylography
finger
pterodactyl
ptero =
dactyl = finger
pterodactyl = winged dinosaur
phos-
phosphorus
phosphene
phosphoroscope
phosphoresce, phosphorescence
light
a chemical that emits light
a unit of light
a device that see faint light
faint light given off by algae or rocks
-gon

tetragon
pentagon
hexagonal
heptagon
octagon
nonagon
decagon
angle
shape with 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 angles
diagonal
-gon = angle
slanted line (at an angle)
orthogonal
unrelated, unconnected, taking a different "slant" on things
- gon = angle
-lite
anthracite
perlite
cryolite
stalactite
halite
coprolite
mineral or fossil
-vore
omnivore (-rous)
carnivore (-rous)
herbivore (-rous)
fructivore (-rous)
eating
omni = everything
carni = meat
herbi = plants
fructi = fruit
holo-
holocaust
hologram
holometabolous
holograph
holophrastic
holistic
whole
holistic = taking the whole person/situation into account
holocaust = whole race destroyed
hologram, holograph = images of whole thing
holometabolous = ?
holophrastic = stage of speech where baby says all in one word
holistic
taking the whole person/situation into account
haplo-
haploid
haplopia
haplosis
halology
single or simple
opia
myopia
hyperopia
diplopia
biopsy
sight
myopia = nearsighted
hyperopia = farsighted
diplopia = double vision
biopsy = tissue sample used to see if the cells are normal
synopsis
syn = with, opia = sight
synopsis = a summary, enables someone to "see" all the parts of a thing at once
-lent
-lent = full of
corpulent
-lent = full of
corpus = body
corpulent = fat
virulent
-lent = full of
virus = nastiness
virulent = poisonous, nasty
turbulent
-lent = full of
turbus = disturbance
turbulent = shaken up, disturbed, like a bumpy flight or boiling water
succulent
-lent = full of
succu = juice, liquid
succulent = juicy
insolent
-lent = full of
insolent = full of insulting attitude
indolent
-lent = full of
indolent = lazy, not hardworking
ef-
out, going out of, emerging from
effusive
gushy, emotionally expressive, overly enthusiastic
effulgent
efflux
effluvium
effluent
flowing out
efficacy
efficacious
effective
efficacy = the ability to get things done, to accomplish tasks, to be effective in one's work, to act in efficacious ways
effeminate
girlish (acting out the feminine)
-ium
radium, sodium, uranium, germanium, iridium, einsteinium
an element (chemistry)
dicho-
dichotomy
dichotomize
dichotomist
in two parts
dichotomy = a set of two opposed ideas or arguments
dichotomize = to reduce a discussion to a choice of one thing, or the other (with no other options or alternatives)
micro-
microcosm, microscope
small
cephalo-
macrocephalic
microcephalic
head
mono-
monocular
monocle
mono = one
oculus = eye
monocular, monocle = device to look through with one eye
bi -
binoculars
two
oculus = eye
binoculars = device to look through with both eyes
-morph
metamorphosis
shape
meta=transform + morph = shape,
metamorphosis = process of changing shape
endomorph
endo = thin + morph = shape,
person with a thin body type
ectomorph
ecto = fat + morph = shape,
person with a fat body type
mesomorph
meso = muscle + morph = shape,
person with muscular body type
(not too fat or thin)
rotund
round, chubby
esculent
?
-chrome
monochrome
polychrome
color
mono- = one color
poly = many colors
poly-
polychrome
polygamous
many
polychrome = many colored
polygamous = has many wives
dorsal, dorsum
back (anatomy, backbone of animal)
Anglo-
English
-phile
Anglophile
bibliophile
one who likes
anglophile = likes the English
bibliophile = likes books
-phobe
Anglophobe
arachnophobe (-ic)
one who is afraid of
anglophobe=afraid of the English
arachnophobe=afraid of spiders
-ist
artist
one who (does something)
-saur , saurian
dinosaur
pterosaur
tyrannosaurus
stegosaurus
lizard
saurian = lizard-like, cold blooded animals
-pithec
australopithecus
ape
austro-
Australia
australopithecus
south, southern
chiro
hand
chiropractor = one who manipulates the bones/muscles with his hands, uses massage for healing
caust
caustic
holocaust
cauterize
burn, burning
holocaust = all burning
caustic = burning sensation/wit
cauterize =seal by burning
terr-
terrain
Terra
Mediterranean
extraterrestrial
subterranean
earth, land
Terra = Earth
cata-
catapult
catastrophe
catacombs
catalepsy
cataclysm
cataract
cata = down
catapult
a machine to toss rocks down into a castle under seige
catastrophe
disaster
catacombs
tunnels or vaults underground
catalepsy
a medical condition where the person falls down unable to move
cataclysm
total destruction
cataract
waterfall
jur-
abjure
adjure
perjure
jury
jurisdiction
jurisprudence
jurist
to swear (give your oath)
abjure
swear to avoid completely, have nothing more to do with it
adjure
?
perjure
lie, give your oath falsely, give false testimony
jury, jurisdiction, jurisprudence, jurist
having to do with the law, with oath-giving; jury/jurist = people who listen to testimony and swear to give fair judgement
flu-
fluid
fluent
confluence
flow, flowing
fluid = liquid
fluent = words "flow" quickly
confluence = where two or more rivers flow together into each other
influence
effluence
superfluous
influence = flowing in: having an effect on something
effluence = flowing out
superfluous = flowing over, not having any effect at all, inconsequential, pointless
-here
coherence (cohere)incoherent
adhesive (adhere)
inherent
to stick to
cohere = sticking/hanging together, making sense
incoherent = not making sense
adhere = sticks to
inherent = within itself (not stuck on but deep within or throughout the whole thing)
pos
position, deposit, superimpose, transpose, depose, imposition
put
mund
mundane, transmundane, intermundane, mundanity, mundo
world
-cracy
government
democracy
government by the people
autocracy
government by one person (dictator)
aristocracy
a governing upper class (nobility)
plutocracy
government by a small group
meritocracy
the most deserving or high-achieveing people get promoted to run things (govern)
mania

kleptomania, egomania, pyromania, dipsomania, megalomania
madness, being out of control
kleptomania
uncontrollable stealing
egomania
uncontrollable self-love
pyromania
uncontrollable craving to set fires
dipsomania
uncontrollable craving to drink water
megalomania
believing one is, and having to act as if one is, the greatest ruler of the universe, "king of the world" (e.g. Hitler)
-ize
harmonize, victimize, temporize, mobilize, fossilize, polarize, bowdlerize
make, create
temporize
to make time; to stall
mobilize
to make mobile, get people or events moving, make things happen
polarize
to make a situation into poles, to split people or a discussion into two opposite "camps" or groups (instead of looking for common ground)
bowdlerize
to edit, to make a story "PG" instead of "R"...after Thomas Bowdler who tried to clean up stories for kids
antho-
anther
anthology
flower
anther = male part of a flower
anthology = collection of the best stories
-algia
analgesic

neuralgia, arthralgia,
algophobia
pain

an = not, algesic = in pain,
analgesic = painkiller drug
somn-
insomnia
somnolent
somnambulate
sleep
insomnia = not sleeping
somnolent = sleepy
somnambulate = sleepwalking
quadr-
quadruped
quadrilateral
quadrant
quadruplet
quadriplegic
four
err
error, erroneous, erratum
erratic
Knight-errant
to wander (to get off track)
sine
sinecure
sine qua non
sine die
sine prole
without
incarnate
in the flesh, physical, real
inane
foolish, silly, stupid
incendiary
starting a fire, or starting a heated conflict
inclement
clemency
stormy (weather)
clemency = forgiveness, kindness
incuse
stamped in (like etched)
incubate
developing, like a chick inside an egg
inexpugnable
expunge
unconquerable
expunge = to conquer
infrangible
frangible
unbreakable
frangible=fragile, breakable
inhume
exhume
to bury
exhume = to dig up a body
inhibit
exhibit
to repress, hold in or hold back
exhibit = to express, reveal
inquisition
harsh suppression (of anyone who disagrees with you)
innervate
stimulate to action (the brain innervates the muscles)
insolent
egregiously disrespectful
egregiously
extremely bad
insomnia
sleeplessness
intaglio
an incised (carved in) design
incised
carved into
illative
producing an inference: "he used illative words such as "Therefore".
irreconciliable
(reconcile)
incompatible, not able to come to any resolute, not able to reconcile
immobile
motionless (not mobile)
impalpable
(palpable)
too subtle to touch, something that is abstract, cannot be touched
palpable = can be touched, real, solid
impavid
fearless
impeccant
(peccadillos)
blameless
peccare = Latin, to sin;
peccadillos = small sins, faults
perplex
per- = through
plex = weave

perplex = confuse
copious
abundant
co = together
traverse
trans = across
traverse = to go across
bibliophile
book = biblio +
phile = to love or like

bibliophile = book lover
demography
study of populations
demos = people +
graph = to write/study about
sanguine
cheerful, easygoing
sangui = blood
(medieval doctors believed that cheerfulness depended on having "good blood")
ostentatious
showy (show-offy)

(tens = to stretch)
plex
weave (perplex)
microcosm
small universe
micro = small
cosmo = universe
defenestrate
toss out the window
animus
willfulness, intention
or hatred/dislike (animosity)
or masculine drive
(anim = mind)
nonplused
perplexed, confused, not knowing what to do
interdiction
prohibition, taboo, an order not to do something
commensurate
of like measure; matching; the same as
(mens = measure)
neophyte
beginner, someone who is new at doing something
(neo = new +
phyte = plant)
incredulous
(credulous)
incredulous=not believing
credulous = gullible, believing just about anything

in = not
cred = believe
demur
to object, refuse, not agree to
poignant
sharp, causing pain
lassitude
languor, laziness,
lolling around
apprehend
to understand, or, to fear
prodigious
amazing
indolent
lazy
(hint: in + do =
not doing anything)
persiflage
flippant style, sassiness,
"attitude"
ambiguous
indefinite, mixed meaning
ambivalence
confused feelings,
mixed feelings
declasse
low class, tasteless
putative
thought-to-be, supposed (something said to be true, that might or might not really be true)
mollify
to make soft, to calm down
(mollify someone's anger)
gregarious
sociable, a "people" person
altercation
a heated dispute, argument, fight
alter ego
a second self, someone who stands in for someone else at times, or who thinks as the other person would think
effulgent
giving off light
efflux (n)
effluent (adj)
outflow, a stream
flowing out
effluvium
stinky smell, flowing sewage
1 : an invisible emanation; especially : an offensive exhalation or smell
2 : a by-product especially in the form of waste