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48 Cards in this Set

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CVC pattern (sat, chin)
regardless of how many consonants are on either side of a SINGLE vowel
will usually stand for a "short" vowel sound.
What is the purpose of word study? (2)
It increases specific knowledge of words - the spelling and meaning of individual words
The English spelling system is alphabetic because
it represents the relationship between letters and sounds
In the VCCV pattern (robber)
the first vowel is usually short.
Research for more than 20 years has established how children learn
the specific features of words as well as the order in which they learn them.
Word study instruction must match
the needs of the child.
What is the purpose of word study? (1)
It teaches students to examine words to discover the regularities, patterns, and rules of English orthography needed to read and spell
Teach to where a child
"is at"
If the student is puzzling over whether "Robber" has one or two b's, if they know the VCCV pattern
they can make a good guess at two b's.
What are the three levels of English orthography?
Alphabet
Pattern
Meaning
Word study begins with
what each child knows about the cumulative aspects of English spelling.
Children's spellings provide
a direct window into how they think the system works.
In the VCV pattern, (radar, begin)...
the first vowel is usually long.
Syllables follow
spelling patterns, too.
Interpret what a child does when she spells, target that child's "zone of proximal development" and then
plan word study that a student is conceptually ready to master.
An example of comparing and contrasting words by consistent spelling patterns
associated with categories of sound:
ay - play, day, tray
and
ai- wait, rain, chain
The pattern layer of English orthography
overlays the alphabetic layer.
What is written language all about?
-Letter sound correspondences
-phonics
-spelling patterns
-high frequency word recognition
-decoding strategies
-word use and meanings and other word skills
The child who writes LT
has made a quantum leap, because they have grasped that there systematic matches between sounds and letters that must be made when writing.
What kind of reader is a child who writes LT for light?
A beginning reader
An early letter name speller LT for light
is a
beginning reader
Emergent stage
no letter-sound correspondence
lack understanding of the alphabetic principal.
In Words Their Way, the word stage is used as
a metaphor to inform instruction.
Stages are marked by broad qualitative shifts
in the types of spelling errors children commit as well as behavioral changes in their reading and writing.
An example of categorizing words by meaning, use, and parts of speech:
Admiration is spelled with an "i" because it comes from the word admire.
Emergent stage
scribbles
letter-like forms
random letters that have no phonetic relationship with the words they believe they are writing
An example of comparing and contrasting words by sounds so one can categorized similary sounds and associate them consistently with letters:
short e- bed, leg, net, neck
and
short i- sit, list, pick
Reading and spelling are
integrally related.
There is remarkable consistency between
the stages of spelling development and stages of reading development.
Students expand their vocabulary by
comparing one concept with another
The better a reader knowledge of the system...
the better they are at decoding and unfamiliar word,
inventing a spelling or
guessing a word's meaning
What are the five threads of literacy?
Oral language
Stories
Reading
Writing
Orthography
During the primary years, word knowledge is primarily ...
aural
Word study activities mimic
basic cognitive learning processes.
Word Study activities are
hands on activities.
The basic cognitive learning processes that wrod study activities mimic are:
-comparing and contrasting categories of word features
and
-discovering similarities and differences within and between categories
During word study, words are sorted in routines which
require children to examine, discriminate and make critical judgements about speech sounds, word structures, spelling patterns and meaning
CVCe AND CVVC patterns
very often represent long vowel sounds.
Letters can be matched
somtimes singly, sometimes in pairs- to sounds from left to right to come up with words
The alphabetic principle in English spelling is
the first layer of information, at work
Word study examines words
in order to reveal consistencies within the written language system
Word study helps students master
the recognition, spelling, and meaning of specific words
Learners who lack knowledge about the general spelling system are left with
rote memorization which takes longer and is more easily forgotten
As you learn more about words,
your brain comes to operate in terms of letter patterns rather than individual letters.
Examples of groups of letters that have meaning are
prefixes, suffixes, Greak and Latin roots.
What is the layer or orthography that overarches alphabet and pattern?
Meaning
Often a

CVVC pattern in a single syllable means
the word has a long vowel sound -

the second vowel letter is silent but serves to indicate that the first vowel letter is long.
What is the best way to develop fast, accurate perception of word features?
to engage in meaningful reading and writing and
multiple opportunities to examine those same words out of context, in isolation, in all their glory