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23 Cards in this Set

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The vowel in the unaccented word ending "~in", is omitted because its omission gives us a better outline.
Omission of Vowel in "~in."
Origin, margin, imagine, engine, engineer, cousin, raisin, famine, examine, illumine, determine
These three Word Endings are expressed by "em and DeM."
~dium (DeM Blend)
~eum (e-m)
~ium (e-m)
Radium, stadium, medium
Museum, petroleum, coliseum
Helium, calcium, premium
This WE is expressed by "oo-n" after "n" and by "n" in other cases.
n=~ion
oon=~ion
Champion, million, criterion
Union, onion, companion
This WE is expressed by oo-s.
oos=~eous
oos=~ious
Erroneous, courteous,
Serious, obvious, previous
The vowel is omitted in this WE spelled "s-v."
Omission of Vowel in ~sive (s-v)
Extensive, defensive, impulsive, evasive, excessive, expensive
In writing these WE, more legible outlines are obtained by including the "e" in the diphthong.
eoot=~uate
eooish=~uation
eoote=~uity
Graduate,punctuate,fluctuate
Insinuation, graduation...
Continuity, ingenuity
For this WE, the vowel is omitted in the spellings "ste" and "vte."
ste=~city
vte=~vity
Capacity, electricity
Activity, brevity, gravity
The vowel is written in these WE's when those endings follow "Long i" or the consonants "n, r l."
~ant
~ent
Long i - giant, client
n - dominant, prominent
r - warrant, current
l - implant, excellent
The vowel is omitted in this pair of WE's for 5 families.
nt=~ant
nt=~ent
~dant/tant -
~dent/dient= Evident,obedient
~gent= Diligent,urgent
~tent= Competent,intent
~vent= Event,prevent, invent
The vowel is omitted in three WE's spelled "trkt."
trkt=~tract
trkt=~trict
trkt=~truct
Attract, distract, extract
Restrict, district, constrict
Construct, instruct
When these three WE's are unaccented in a word, the vowel can be omitted when joining the "n."
n=~an
n=~en (tn)
n=~on
Urban, slogan,orphan
Even,written,sudden,sharpen
Season,pardon,person,mason
This WE is represented by an "r" EXCEPT after a downstroke.
r=~ure
Failure, feature, nature
After a downstroke, this WE is spelled as "oo-r."
oor=~ure
Leisure, pleasure, insure
This WE has a jog connected to the end of an "n" or "m."
jog nes=~ness
Meanness, openness, cleanness, suddenness, sternness, firmness, calmness, slimness, thinness
The past tense of a verb is formed by adding the stroke for the sound that is heard in the past tense. In some words, the past tense will hae the sound of "t", as in the word "missed"; in others, it will have the sound of "d", as in the word "showed."
t/d=Past Tense WE
Ends w/sound of t: Faced, baked, missed, worked, finished, cooked.

Ends with sound of d: Changed, saved, showed, attend, inquired.
The vowel is WRITTEN in these 2 WE's when their endings follow "Long i" or consonants "n, r, l."
~ance
~ence
Long i - Compliance, defiance
n - Maintenance, eminence
r - Assurance, recurrence
l - Balance, silence
The Vowel in these two WE's is OMITTED from joining with "ns."
~ance
~ence
Accordance, acquaintance
Essence, absence, influence
The vowel is OMITTED in these 4 WE's when not accented and spelled with "l."
l=~al
l=~el
l=~eal
l=~ial
Central, total, renewal
Model, panel, tunnel
Cereal,
Serial, material, editorial
The vowel is OMITTED when not stressed in these 3 WEs but spelled with "r."
r=~ar
r=~er
r=~or
Sugar, grammar, dollar
Manner, printer, folder
Factor, humor, error, honor
Part 1. The Vowel is WRITTEN when accented in this WE spelled with "r."

Part 2. The Vowel is also WRITTEN whether or not the "e" is accented in derivatives.
er=~er
Cancer, censer, prefer, transfer, infer...

Conference, difference, preferable, transference,
inference
This WE is represented by "l" EXCEPT after a downstroke.
l=~ual
Actual, mutual, schedule
This WE is written as "oo-l" after a downstroke.
ool=~ual
Casual, usual, visual
The vowel is WRITTEN in three WEs following "Long i", "Left-s", "Sh, Ch, J."
ar=~ar
er=~er
or=~or
Long i - Prior, liar, buyer
Left s - Eraser, nicer
Sh - Washer
Ch - Teacher
J - Larger, danger, manager