Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/136

Click to flip

136 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
An accumulation of epidermal flakes, dry or greasy (excessive dandruff)
Scale
An accumulation of sebum and pus mixed with epidermal material (scab)
Crust
A skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
Excoriation
Crack in skin penetrating into the dermis (chapped hands or lips)
Fissure
Open lesion on skin or mucous membrane of body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin
Ulcer
Wormlike massed or hardened sebum, appearing mostly on the face.
Comedones
Caused by accumulation of sebaceous matter beneath skin (whiteheads)
Milia
Chronic inflammatory disorder; cause is believed to be microbic, adolesence, and certain foods
Acne
Skin condition caused by an excessive secretion of the sebaceous glands.
Seborrhea
Condition of dry, scaly skin, characterized by absolute or partial deficiency of sebum, due to senility or some bodily disorders.
Asteatosis
Chronic inflammatory congestion of cheeks and nose. Characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and formation of papules and pustules.
Rosacea
A subcutaneous tumer; filled with sebum and ranges in size from a pea to an orange. Sometimes called a wen.
Steatoma
Inflammatory condition of skin with lesions
Dermatitis
A skin inflammation of acute or chronic nature, presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions; accompanied by itching or burning sensation.
Eczema
Common, chronic, inflammatory skin disease; cause unknown; found on scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back, rarely on face.
Psoriasis
Recurring virus infection, commonly called fever blisters. Characterized by eruption of single vesicle or group of vesicles on a red swollen base. It's contagious.
Herpes Simplex
An acquired, superficial, round, thickened patch of epidermis due to pressure or friction on hands and feet. (Callus). If it grows inward, it is called a corn.
Keratoma
Small brownish spot or blemish on the skin; believed to be inherited; range in color from pale tan to brown to bluish black. Some are small and flat; others are raised and darker. Caution: Do not remove hair from them!
Moles
Fatal skin cancer that starts with a mole.
Melanotic sarcoma
Caused by a virus and is infectious; can spread from one location to another, particular along a scratch in the skin.
Verruca
Caused by excessive exposure to the sun.
Tan
Freckles; small ellow-to-brown spots on parts exposed to sunlight and air.
Lentigines
Abnormal brown skin patches, having a circular or irregular shape. Occur during aging, after certain diseases, and after dissappearance of moles, freckles, and liver spots.
Stain
Chracterized by increase deposits of pigment in the skin; found mainly on forehead, nose, and cheeks; called moth patches or liver spots
Chloasma
Birthmark; small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries.
Naevus/Nevus
Abnormal white patches in the skin, due to congenital defective pigmentation.
Leucoderma
Acquired condition of leucoderma affecting skin or hair; only treatment is matching cosmetic color.
Vitiligo
Congenital absence of melanin pigment of body; silky hair is white; skin is pinkish white and will not tan; eyes are pink; skin ages early.
Albinism
Small discolored spot or patch on skin surface
Macule
Small elevated pimple containing no fluid, might develop pus
papule
itchy, swollen lesion lasting a few hours.
Wheal
solid lump larger than a papule. projects above skin surface or lies within or under skin
tubercle
abnormal cell mass varying in size, shape, and color
tumor
referred to as tumors, but smaller
nodule
ormed after healing of injury or skin condition that has penetrated dermal layer
scar
thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
keloid
abnormal discoloration remaining after disappearance of moles, freckles, or liver spots.
stain
foul smelling perspiration
bromidrosis/bromhidrosis/osmidrosis
lack of perspiration, often result of fever
anhidrosis
excessive perspiration caused by excessive heat or general body weakness
hyperhidrosis
an acute inflammatory disorder characterized by an eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning and itching; caused by exposure to excessive heat
miliaria rubra or prickly heat
contagious disease commonly acquired by contact with an infected person during sexual intercourse
venereal disease
a disease that simultaneously attacks a large number of people living in a particular locality
epidemic
a sensitivity to normally harmless substances such as cosmetics, medicines, tints, certain food, etc.
allergy
skin disorder characterized by redness, pain, swelling and heat
inflammation
one that is present at birth
congenital
influenced by weather (prickly heat, eczema)
seasonal disease
due to certain kinds of employment that involve coming in contact with chemicals etc.
occupational disease
one caused by vegetable or animal parasites
parasitic disease
one produced by disease-cauing bacteria
pathogenic disease
due to under- or over-functioning of internal glands may be caused by faulty diet.
systemic disease
any departure from normal state of health
disease
infection of skin characterized by an objective lesion
skin disease
one with symptoms of a more or less violent character such as fever; usually short duration
acute disease
one of long duration, usually mild but recurring
chronic disease
due to bacterial or viral germs resulting from contact with contaminated objects or lesions
infectious disease
one that is communicable by contact
contagious disease
branch of medical science that studies and treats the skin and its disorders
dermatology
primary lesions
bulla
macule
nodule
papule
pustule
tubercle
tumor
vesicle
wheal
secondary lesion
crust
cyst
excoriation
acne excoriee
fissure
keloid
scale
scar
ulcer
lesions in the early stages of development
primary lesions
later stages of disease and lesion development
secondary lesion
a large blister containing watery fluid, similar to a vesicle but larger
bulla
a closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, infection, or other matter above or below the skin.
cyst
an inflamed papule with a white or yellow center containing pus
pustule
a fluid consisting of white blood cells, bacteria, and other debris produced from an infection
pus
a disorder where clients purposely scrape of acne lesions, causing scarring and discoloration
acne excoriee
a chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands characterized by comedones and blemishes. also known as acne simplex and acne vulgaris. skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions and propionibacterium acnes bacteria.
acne
a subcutaneous abscess filled with pus. also called boils, caused by bacterias in glands or hair follicles
furuncle
benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face. these overgrowths of the sebaceous gland appear similar to open comedones. they are often doughnut shaped, with sebaceous material in te center. they cannot be removed through extraction, only surgery
sebaceous hyperplasia
a sebaceous cyst of subcutaneous tumor filled with sebum and ranging in size from pea to orange called a wen
steatoma
skin condition caused by an inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting and or itchiness. the red flaky skin often appears in the eyebrows, scalp and hairline, the middle of the forehead, and along the sides of the nose. condition sometiems treated with cortisone creams. severe cases referred to dermatologist.
seborrheic dermatitis.
rash. redness itching and dehydration of the dermatitis make the the condition worse. topical corticosteroids can help.
atopic dermatitis
inflammatory skin condition caused by contact with a substance or chemical.
contact dermatitis
caused by exposure to allergens
alleric contact dermatitis
caused by exposure to caustic irritants
irritant contact dermatitis
occupational disorders from ingrdients in cosmetics and chemical solutions can cause contact dermatitis
dermatits venenata
inflammatory condiition of the skin, various forms of which include lesions, such as eczema, vesicles, or papules.
dermatitis
inflammatory painful itching disease of the skin , acute or chronic in nature. with dry or moist lesions. should refer to physician
eczema
swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from a response to injury or infection
edema
redness caused by inflammation
erythema
hair grows under the surface crowing up out of the follicle causing a bacterial infection. these ingrown hairs are common in men.
folliculitid
azor bumps with the pus or infection are called
pseudofolliculitis
acne like condiiton around the mouth. consists mainly of small clusters of papules. may be caused by toothpaste or products used on face. not contagious. antibiotics help
perioral dermatitis
meidcal term for itching
pruitis
skin disease characterized by red patchs covered with white-silver scales
psoriasis
inflammation of the skin characterize by redness, dilation of hte blood vessel and in sever cases the formation of papules and pustules.
rosacea
a vascular lesion, describes capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger or distended blood vessels. commonly called cuperose skin
telangiestasia
allergic reaction by the bodys histamine production, aka hives
urticaria
vascular type of nevus, birthmark
port wine stain
overproduction of pigment
hyperpigmentation
a term for hyperpigmentation. pregnancy mask.
melasma
abnormal growth, may be harmless or benign. some are premalignant or malign. thickening of tissue.
hypertrophy
lack of pigmentation
hypopigmentation
wasting away or thinning
atrophy
abnormally thick build up of cells
keratoses
thickening of skin casued by a mass of keratinized cells, keratinocytes.
hyperkeratosis
pink or flesh colored precancerous lesions that feel sharp or rough, are a result of sun damage and should be checked by a dermatologist
actinic keratoses.
redness and bumpiness in the cheeks or upper arms. caused by blocked follicles. exfoliation can help unblock follicales and alleviate the rough feeling.
keratosis pilaris
small outgrowths or extensions of the skin that look like flaps. they are benign and are common under the arms or on the neck.
skin tag
most common and the elast severe type of carcinoma. often appears as light pearly nodules. sometiems blood vessels run through. do not spread as easily as squamous or melanome. easily removed through surgerys
basal cell carcinoma
more serious condition, middle ground. characterized by pink or scaly papules or nodules. sometimes characterized by open sores, crusty area that do not heal and may bleed easy. can spread
squamous cell carcinoma
most serious form. black or dark patches, uneven in texture, jagged, or raised. can be tan or even white. not always found on areas exposed to light can be on fett, toes, legs. malignant is deadliercan spread through body/organs
malignant melanoma
ABCDE checklsit
asymmetry
border
color
diameter
evolution
commonly called pink eye. very contagious
Bacterial conjunctivitis
fever blisters/cold sores vesicle on red swollen base. usually near lips or nostrils.
herpes simplex 1
fever blisters on genitals.
herpes simplex 2
shingles, painful skin condition from chicken pox. groups of blisters that form a rash
herpes zoster
bacterial infection often occurs in kids. small clsuters of small blisters/crusty lesions
impetigo
fungal infections
tinea
athlete's foot
tinea pedis
ringworm, red ringed pattern with elevated edges
tinea corporis
fungus that inhibits melanin. results inw hite patches, high humidity and summe rheat stimulate it.
tinea versicolor/pityriasis versicolor
acne triggers
genetics, clogged pores (comedones), bacteria,a triggers (hormones, stress, cosmetics, skin care products, and foods).
hereditary factor where dead skin cells do not shed fromt eh follicles as they do on normal skin. overproduction of sebum adds to this.
retention hyperkeratosis
look like open comedones. solidified impactions of oil without cell matter.
sebaceous filaments
entire hair, follicle, shaft, glands
pilosebaceous duct
opening of follicle
ostium
bacteria in follicles
anaerobic
Non inflammatory pathway
closed comedone, open comedone
inflammatory
papule, pustule
male hormones that stimulate sebaceous glands
androgens
products that cause inflammation
acnegenic
products that cause cell build up
comedogenic
pressure or friction, phone use, wearing hats contribute to....
acne mechanica
Grade 1
minor breakouts, mostly open comedones, some closed, few papules
grade 2
many closed comedones, more open comedones, occasional papules and pustules
grade 3
red and inflammed, many comedones, papules and pustules
grade 4
cystic acne, comedones, papules, pustules, and inflammation are pleasant, scar formation from tissue damage is common.
tretinoin
very drying, causes redness and irritation photosensitivity
clindamycin
very drying
adapalene
drying redness irritation and photosensitivity
tazarotene
drying, redness, irritation photosensitivity
azelaic acid
drying redness irritation photosensitivity
accutane
seer dryness birth defects other health problems possible depression
a large ciscumscribed inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue caused by staphylococci similar to a furuncle or boil but larger
carbuncle