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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
catalogue
a listing of all books periodicals and other resources owned by the library
call number
a number used in libraries to classify books and periodicals and to indicate where you can find it on the shelf
periodical database
a research aid that catalogues articles from a large number of journals or magazines
abstract
summary of magazine or journal article written by someone other than the original author
reference work
aa work that groups together large amounts of related information for easy access by researchers
general encyclopedia
provides general information about all branches of human knowledge
special encyclopedia
reference work devoted to specific subjects such as religion, art, law, science, and music
yearbook
contains information about the previous year. published annually
biographical aid
provides information about people
atlas
book of maps
gazetteer
geographical dictionary, provides more specific information such as hospitals, museums, etc.
search aid
program used to find information on the web
search engine
aid that indexes web pages and checks them for sites that match the researchers request
metasearch engine
aid that sends a searchers request to several search engines at a time
virtual library
combines internet technology with traditional library methods of cataloguing and assessing data
Invisible Web
multitude of web databases and other resources that are not indexed by search engines
URL
(Uniform resource locator)
The string of letters or numbers that identifies the webpage address
bookmark
stores links in web sites do they can easily be revisited. (Favorites)
sponcering organization
organization, that in the absence of a clearly identified author is responsible for the content of the document
research interview
interview conducted to gather information for a speech
preliminary bibliography
list compiled early in research of works that look as if they might contain useful information about a topic
supporting materials
materials used to support a speakers ideas
Three kinds of supporting materials
1. examples
2. statistics
3. testimony
example
specific case used to illistrate or represent a group of people, ideas, conditions, or experience
brief example
case refered to in passing to illistrate a point
extended example
story, narrative or anecdote developed at some length to illistrate a point
hypothestical example
examples that discribes an imaginary situation
statistics
numerical data
mean
average value of group of numbers
median
middle number of a group of numbers arranged highest to lowest
mode
the number that occurs most frequently in a group of numbers
testimony
quotations or paraphrase used to support a point
expert testimony
testimony from people who are recognized experts in their field
peer testimony
testimony from ordinary people with first hand experience or insight on a topic
direct question
testimony that is presented word for word
paraphrase
restate or summarize a sources idea in your own words
quoting out of context
twisting someone elses' quote to fit your meaning
strategic organization
putting a speech together in a certain way to achieve a certain result with a certain audience
main points
the major points developing the body of a speech, most speeches contain from 2 to 5 main points
chronological order
follow a time line
spatial order
follows a directional patern, example: top to bottom, Maine/Vermont
casual order
main points show a cause and effect relationship
problem solution order
main point deals with a problem, second main point presents a solution
topical order
main points devide the topic into logical and consistant sub-topics
supporting materials
materials used to support a speakers ideas. 3 kinds of supporting materials
1. examples
2. statistics
3. testimony
connective
word or phrase that connects the ideas of a speech and indicates the relationship between them
transition
word or phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another
internal preview
lets the audience know what the speaker is going to discuss next
internal summary
summarizes what the speaker has already talked about
signpost
indicates where a speaker is in the speech or focuses attention on key ideas
rhetorical question
question that the audience answers mentally
credibility
audience's perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic
good will
(warm fuzzy feeling) whether the speaker has the best interest of the audience in mind
preview statmatment
statement in the introduction of a speech that identifies the main points to be discussed
crescendo ending
conclusion in which the speech builds power and intensity
dissolve ending
conclusion that generates emotional appeal by fading step by step by step to a dramatic final statment
preparation outline
an outline that includes:
title
specific purpose
central idea
introduction
main points
sub points
connectives
conclusion
bibliography
visual framework
the pattern of an outline that shows relationships amoung a speakers ideas
bibliography
list of sources used in preparing a speech
speaking outline
brief outline used to jog a speakers memory during the presentation of a speech
delivery cues
directions in speakers outline to help remember how to deliver key parts of the speech
model
an object that represents another object in detail
graph
visual aid used to show statistical trends and patterns
line graph
uses one or more lines to show changes in statistics over time or space
pie graph
shows percentages using simple distribution patterns
bar graph
vertical or horozontal bars to show comparisons amoung two or more items
chart
summarizes large blocks of information usually in list format
transparency
a visually aid drawn written or printed shown with an overhead projector
multimedia presentation
a speech that combines several kinds of visual and/or audio aids in the same talk
font
a complete set of type of the same design