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25 Cards in this Set

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androgyny
having the characteristics or nature of both female or male (balance mixture of masculine/feminine traits)
berdache
sometimes offensive: an American Indian who assumes the dress, social status, and role of the opposite sex
homosexual
characterized by a tendency to direct sexual desire toward another of the same sex
transgender
who claim a gender identity or expression different from the one usually associated with the sex at their birth (switch between gender identities)
sex vs. gender
sex- idea of only 2 sexes= construction (forgets intersex and berdache)
gender-key aspect of our identity (gender norms-KEY INFLUENCE)

gender ranking (tomboy vs. sissy) traits assigned as feminine are less valued then those more masculine, which is why men have more trouble emulating feminity
gender socialization
we are taught and learn the appropriate behaviors associated with being a boy or a girl in society

how does it happen? -social institution has developed to reflect particular competencies..each culture gives its own meaning to gender
biological differences between the sexes
meanings of sex and gender are socially constructed and shift over time and place
feminity/masculinity
-->what are associated traits

--how have they changed over time
M-provider role
F-expected to do everything

created by social processes that reflect the various workings of power in society, may mean different things to different societies.
R19-What happens to intersexed infants
they attack all medical and surgical interventions as unjustified meddling designed to force babies into fixed social molds of males and females
Politics of sexuality
they occur in context of society that assigns power based on gender and other systems of the inequality and privilege

politics- implies issues associated with the distribution of power in sexual relationships
Sexual Self-Schemas
identities or cognitive generalizations about sexual aspects of the self that are established from the past and present experiences that guide sexual feelings and behaviors
Sexual Scripts
reflects social norms, practices and workings of power and they provide frameworks and guidelines for sexual feelings and behaviors.
-to want sex you may be labeled as promiscuous and to not want sex may to be frigid.
Coming out
refers to someone adopting gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, or queer identity. It is a psychological process
1. recognizing to ones self
2.declaring ones self publicly.
Romantic Love
-courtship
-cliche
a couple coming together, sharing the excitement of an erotic relationship, and feeling united with the other in such a way that the other is unique and irreplaceable.
-period when two people are attracted to each other, develop intimacy, enjoy each others company, and identify as a couple
-love is blind;love is painful;love means never having to say you're sorry;love conquers all
bootstrap myth
talent+hard work=success in the US/allows for us to blame the poor for poverty
What counts as a hate crime in the U.S?
include the threat of coercion and violence along with the practice of it, and their motives are hate and bigotry
Internalizing oppression
we not only police ourselves but also police one another, encouraging compliance with institutions that may oppress
Horizontal Hostility
process when individuals direct the resentment and anger they have about their situation onto those who are of equal or lesser status.
Mythical norm of woman hood
White, middle-class, heterosexual, abled, thin, and young adult, which is normalized or taken for granted such that we often forget that whites are racialized and men are gendered.
Privilege
advantages people have by virtue of status or position (group membership) in society
androcentrism
tendency to put men at the center and relegating women to outsiders in society
misogyny
hatred of women
patriarchy
system where men dominate because they have majority of resources (power, $, status)
feminism
-->what is it
used to describe a political, cultural, or economic movement aimed at establishing equal rights and legal protection for women.
1st wave
19th-20th century main focus to officially mandate inequalities, most people say it ended when 19th ammendment was passed (right to vote)