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15 Cards in this Set

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Law concerned with disputes between people (or groups of people).
Civil law
To bring a court action against someone to recover costs (damages).
sue
The person, group, or organization who files (starts) a lawsuit.
Plaintiff
A formal notice that a lawsuit is being filed. The plaintiff's side of the story.
Complaint
Having to pay damages because you have lost in a lawsuit. You are not "guilty," you are _____________.
Resonsible or liable
The standard by which the plaintiff must prove that the defendant is responsible or liable for an offense.
By a preponderance of the evidence.
The side in a case (civil or criminal) that is being accused of an offense.
Defense
To ask a higher court to review or retry a case.
Appeal
Following fair procedures which are established by law and protected by the 5th amendment.
Due process
The authority for a court to hear or decide a case.
Jurisdiction
The jurisdiction that allows a case to start in a court.
Original jurisdiction
The jurisdiction that allows a court to review or retry a case.
Appellate jurisdiction
Two other words for "lawyer."
Attorney, Counsel (counselor at law)
Not legally an adult.
Juvenile
Money that must be paid because you lost in a civil case.
Damages