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80 Cards in this Set

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What was Argentina's first controlled appellation?
In 1993, Lujan de Cuyo, in Mendoza, became Argentina’s first officially recognized controlled appellation.
Where is Cafayete?
Cafayate is a town located at the central zone of the Valles Calchaquíes in the province of Salta, Argentina. It sits 1,683 meters above mean sea level, at a distance of 1,329 kilometres from Buenos Aires, 227 from Tucumán, 311 km from Jujuy and 365 km from Catamarca.
Which of these places in Argentina is more Northerly... Catamarca, or La Rioja?
These provinces are in NW Argentina. They share a border. Catamarca is immediately to the North of La Rioja.
What is Tupungato?
Tupungato is a wine-producing sub-region of the Uco Valley region in Mendoza, Argentina.Planted here are a wide range of grape varieties including Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Syrah, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Torrontes.
What are the departments of La Rioja, Argentina?
Here are the 18 departments of La Rioja (Spanish departamentos):

1. Arauco (Aimogasta)
2. Capital (La Rioja)
3. Castro Barros (Aminga)
4. Chamical (Chamical)
5. Chilecito (Chilecito)
6. Coronel Felipe Varela (Villa Unión)
7. Famatina (Famatina)
8. General ángel Vicente Peñaloza (Tama)
9. General Belgrano (Olta)
Chirau Mita Botanical Gardens, Chilecito.
10. General Juan Facundo Quiroga (Malazán)
11. General Lamadrid (Villa Castelli)
12. General Ocampo (Milagro)
13. General San Martín (Ulapes)
14. Independencia (Patquía)
15. Rosario Vera Peñaloza (Chepes)
16. San Blas (San Blas)
17. Sanagasta (Sanagasta)
18. Vinchina (Vinchina)
What is the southernmost GI in South Australia?
Tasmania is the southernmost GI.

Victoria is the southernmost mainland GI.

But the question asks for the southernmost GI in the Australian state of South Australia. That would be Coonawarra GI.
Name the subregions of Adelaide Hills.
Within this region are two sub-regions, Lenswood and the Piccadilly Valley. These two valleys are nestled within the hills at an elevation of between 480 - 700 metres, receiving a daily dose up to 10 hours of sunshine through the summer months, and four hours of sunshine during the winter.
What two GIs are located in both New South Wales AND Victoria?
Swan Lake and Murray Darling both straddle the Murray River and share its red brown loamy sands (calcareous earths), which range in pH from neutral to alkaline.
Brokenwood Winery can be found where?
The Brokenwood cellar door is located in the lower Hunter Valley at:
401 – 427 McDonalds Road, Pokolbin NSW, a leisurely 2 hours drive from Sydney.
The Adelaide Super Zone encompasses which regions?
The Adelaide Super-Zone is the official umbrella term for the Mt. Lofty Ranges Zone, Barossa Zone and the Fleurieu Zone. It contains many of Australia’s most famous wine regions.

They are united by their proximity to the broken run of the Mt. Lofty Ranges from Kangaroo Island through to the state’s mid-north past the Clare Valley.
What is Morillon?
In the Steiermark wine-growing region of Austria, the term 'Morillon' has become the name for Chardonnay, and although there is a Morillon variety cultivated in Germany, and also related to Chardonnay, they are simply namesakes and bear no direct relation to each other.
Where is Achleiten?
Achlieten is a white-wine producing city in the Niederösterreich region of Austria. Grapes uses are Gruner Veltliner and Riesling.
What is "alte reben?"
Vieilles Vignes, or "Old Vines"
What is Spatrot-Rotgipfler?
Spätrot-Rotgipfler is a wine produced in the Thermenregion in Austria, particularly in the Gumpoldskirchen district.It is a blend of the two varieties Zierfandler (synonym: Spätrot) and Rotgipfler.
What is the first DAC to allow both red and white varietals?
Leithaberg DAC (for Grüner Veltliner, Weißburgunder, Chardonnay, Neuburger and Blaufränkisch, beginning September 2010)
"Almaviva" is a joint venture between Concha y Toro and _________.
In 1997, the historical joint venture between Concha y Toro with Baron Philippe de Rothschild was formed and Almaviva winery is the result.
What are the four levels of Chilean Pisco?
Pisco is a Chilean brandy. There are four basic forms: Puro, Aromatico, Acholade, and Mosto Verde. There are four alcohol levels as well: (Tradicional, Especial, Reservado, Gran Pisco) which are defined by their level of alcohol content (60-100 proof). The terms for alcohol levels in English are as follows:
* Regular, 30% to 35% (60 to 70 proof).
* Special, 35% to 40% (70 to 80 proof).
* Reserve, 40% to 43% (80 to 86 proof).
* Great, 43% or more (86 or more proof).
Who produces "Purple Angel" wine? What is the main grape?
Purple Angel is a high-endChilean wine produced by Montes, using Camenere grapes from their Apalta estate.
What is the southernmost valley in Chile?
Chile’s southernmost wine region, the Malleco Valley, claims only 17 hectares (42 acres, 0.17 sq km) of vineyard. These are devoted to two varietals, Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.
What are the subzones of San Antonio?
The emerging area of San Antonio is directly south of Casablanca, and is divided into four subzones: Leyda, Lo Abarca, Rosario, and Malvilla.
The Controliran of Suhindol allows for what grape varieties?
In Bulgarian wine law, a Controliran is a superior controlled appellation of origin within a DGO, and each Controliran wine must be produced from the appellation’s permitted grape varietals. Suhndol is a town in the Danubian Plain region of north Bulgaria. Varieties include Muscat Ottonel, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay, Aligoté, Pamid and the local Gamza.
Where is Cotnari?
Romania. The sweet white wines of Cotnari DOC in Moldavia are the country’s most famous vinous product, having once enjoyed a reputation on par with Tokaji.
Where is the Tarnave DOC?
Romania. n Transylvania, the Tarnave DOC is one of Romania’s coolest and most important wine regions, producing white wines of high acidity from several varieties, including the Feteasca grapes and Traminer Rosé.
Dalmatia and Istria are regions in which country?
Istria and Dalmatia are coastal zones in Croatia.
Where is Khan Krum?
Khan Krum is in the in the Black Sea Region of Bulgaria.
What are the three main red varietals of Jura?
Poulsard, Pinot Noir, Trousseau
Where would you find Chateau Simone?
On limestone slopes in the steep and densely forested Arc valley, due south of Aix-en-Provence, in the commune of Palette, in Provence, France.
What village of Minervois has its own AOP?
La Liviniere
What five Champagne villages were elevated to Grand Cru status in 1985?
Verzy, Chouilly (white grapes only), Oiry, Oger and Le Mesnil-sur-Oger.
What is Brissac and style of wine produced.
Anjou Villages Brissac is a wine appellation in the Loire Valley of France. It is well-known for refined reds made from Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon
What is "Kerner"?
The Kerner grape is an aromatic white grape variety. It was bred in 1929 by August Herold by crossing Trollinger (a red variety also known as Schiava grossa) and Riesling.Kerner is most commonly planted in the German regions of Palatinate, Rheinhessen, Mosel, and Württemberg, but it is also grown in Austria (Styria), Switzerland and Italy’s Alto Adige/Südtirol region. It was introduced into Alto Adige/Südtirol in the early 1970s and awarded Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) status in 1993.
What is the Assmanshauser Hollenberg vineyard known for?
Assmanshauser Hollenberg is known for its hellishly steep slate-phyllite slopes, and for the Spätburgunder from those slopes.
How many grams/liter of Residual Sugar are allowed in Halbtrocken wines?
[HAHLP-trahk-en] German for "half-dry" or "medium-dry," pertaining to wines that are sweeter than troken (dry) wines. In most parts of Germany, halbtrocken applies to wines containing between 9 and 18 grams of residual sugar per liter (0.9 to 1.8 percent), although the official definition also states that the residual sugar cannot be more than 10 grams greater than the total acidity (see acids). For example, if the residual sugar is 18 grams, then the total acidity must be at least 8 grams; if total acidity is only 6 grams, then the residual sugar can't exceed 16 grams.
What is Schwarzriesling?
Pinot Meunier
Where is the producer Meyer-Nakel?
Meyer Nakel is in Germany's Ahr valley.The Ahr is situated just north of 50˚ latitude, which most people consider to be the boundary for viticulture. The Ahr valley is Germany’s most northern red wine area and with just about 550 hectares, it is also the smallest.
Where is Zitsa?
Zitsa is in Epirus, Greece.

* Zitsa OPAP
o Prefecture: Ioannina
o Wine Styles: Still and Sparkling White (dry to semisweet)
o Varietals: 100% Debina
o Minimum Alcohol:
o Maximum Yield: 10,000 kg/ha
o OPAP Established: 1972
What is the grape of Mantinia?
The grape of Mantinia is Moschofilero.

Mantinia OPAP

* Prefecture: Arkadia
* Wine Styles: White
* Varietals: Min. 85% Moschofilero plus Asprouda
* Minimum Alcohol:
* Maximum Yield: 11,000 kg/ha
* OPAP Established: 1971
What is the aging requirement for Samos Nectar?
Samos Nectar is similar to vin de paille—the wine is produced from dried grapes and aged for a minimum of three years prior to release.
What is the main varietal used for Retsina?
Retsina, a Greek white wine, is generally produced from Savatiano grapes.
Where is Koutsi?
Greece..Koutsi is a small hillside town in Nemea known for the best agiorghitiko.
What is the DOCG of Elba Island?
In 2009, the Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG was created for sweet red passito wines made from the Aleatico grape on the island.
What and where is Zibibbo?
On the island of Pantelleria, which is in between Sicily and Tunisia, Muscat is called Zibibbo. Zibibbo is fashioned into sweet Moscato di Pantelleria DOC and the superior Passito di Pantelleria on the volcanic island of Pantelleria, near the African Coast. In legend, the wine possessed such character as to dupe the Greek god Apollo into assuming that he was drinking ambrosia—a beverage, reserved for gods, that confers immortality upon the imbiber.
What is the red grape of Ciro?
Gaglioppo is the base of the Ciró DOC wine.Gaglioppo is a robust red grape found mostly in the Calabria region of southern Italy. In The Marche region of central Italy, Gaglioppo is called Lacrima.
In Liguria, Dolcetto is known as what?
In Liguria, Dolcetto goes by 'Ormeasco', from the Ormea region on the border between Liguria and Piedmont.
What is the main varietal of Frascati DOC?
Min. 50% Malvasia di Candia
In which region is Waipara Valley located?
South of Marlborough, Canterbury is New Zealand’s fastest-growing wine region, due in large part to the success of its northern subregion: Waipara Valley.
Where is the Neudorf Winery located?
Nelson, the northernmost region on the South Island of New Zealand, is home to the Neudorf Winery.
Where is the producer Rippon found?
Rippon is a New Zealand producer, in Central Otago, which is situated on the 45° south latitude line, near the bottom of the South Island of New Zealand. It is on the Eastern side of Australasia’s largest mountain range, The Southern Alps and is New Zealand’s only viticultural region with a truly "continental" climate. It is also the world’s most southern viticultural region. Rippon lies at 330 metres altitude, on the shores of Lake Wanaka.
Where would you find Kumeu?
Northland is New Zealand’s northernmost and smallest area of production, contributing less than 1% of the country’s total production. Kumeu is a subregion of Northland.
Where is the Cromwell Basin?
Cromwell Basin is in the Central Otago subregion of Otago, on the South Island of New Zealand.
What is Fernao Pires known as in Barraida?
Fernao Pires is known in Barraida as "Maria Gomes."
Name a fortified wine of Portugal other than Port and Madeira.
Moscatel de Setúbal.
Name the style of WIne of Carcavelos.
Fortified red and white wines (Licoroso Tinto, Licoroso Blanco). Note that these wines can't be called port since they're produced outside of the Douro.
What was the Methuen Treaty?
In 1703, the English signed the Treaty of Methuen with Portugal, establishing a long-lasting trade agreement between the two nations and preferential tariffs for Portuguese wines.
How long must a Dao Nobre Garrafeira wine be aged prior to release?
Garrafeira: Red wine aged
a minimum of two years
in barrel and one year in bottle.
What is the Cape Doctor?
The Cape Doctor, a notoriously strong southeasterly wind, blows across the Western Cape throughout the spring and summer, inhibiting fungal disease and moderating temperature—but also ferociously battering the vines.
What is Hanepoot?
Hanepoot, is South Africa's most commonly planted Muscat.
What is "Chenel?"
This South African cultivar is local cross between Chenin Blanc and Ugni Blanc.
In what district is Hemel-en-Aarde Valley?
Hemel-en-Aarde (Heaven and Earth) Valley is in the Walker Bay District of South Africa's Cape South Coast region.
What is the newest District in the Coastal Region of South Africa?
Franschhoek is now its own district.
What is Moll and where is it found?
Moll is a white grape, also called Prensal. Used in many of the white Majorcan wines. Mostly found in Binissalem, it produces light, balanced white wines.
Describe Llicorella and where it is found.
Llicorella, a mix of black slate and quartzite soil, requires vines to dig deeply for water and is found in the best vineyards in Priorat, Spain.
What is the main varietal found in Condado de Huelva?
Zalema accounts for over 4/5ths of the grapes grown in Condado de Huelva. It is a white Spanish wine grape variety As a varietal, Zalema produces heavy, full bodied wines.
What town is the center of Cava production?
Sant Sadurní d'Anoia is a municipality in the comarca of the Alt Penedès in Spain, and the centre of production of a sparkling wine known as cava.
What is Pansa Blanca?
Pansa Blanca is a synonym for Xarel-lo. This white grape from Spain is native to Cataluña. The variety is most commonly found in Penedès where it goes into cava blends with Parellada and Macabeo.
Name 4 producers of Martinique AOP Rhum.
La Mauny
Le Galion S.A.E.M. (Martinique)
Rhumeries Duquesne
In Peru, what is Pisco Fur?
"Pure” pisco is produced from (single) non-aromatic grape varieties. Pisco Fur is from the fur grape.
Which Irish Whiskies are produced at Midleton Distillery?
* Jameson - The best selling Irish whiskey in the world
* Jameson 12yr Old, Gold, 18yr Old, Rarest Vintage Reserve and Distillery Reserve
* Powers
* Tullamore Dew - owned by John Power & Son
* Paddy
* Redbreast 12yr Old and 15yr Old.
* Midleton Very Rare. One version per year.
What was the source for Campari's color originally?
Campari was originally colored with natural carmine, which is pigment of a bright red color obtained from the carminic acid produced by some scale insects, such as the cochineal and the Polish cochineal.
What is the percentage of alcohol by volume for yellow Chartreuse?
*ABV: 40 %
* Country of Origin: France
* Ingredient: Liqueur, herbal


* Yellow Chartreuse is a French liqueur composed of distilled wine alcohol flavored with 130 herbal extracts.
The liquor is named after the Grande Chartreuse monastery where it is produced, which in turn is named after the Chartreuse Mountains, the region in France where the monastery is located.
What were the years of Prohibition in the United States?
Prohibition in the United States was the period from 1919 to 1933, during which the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol were banned nationally as mandated in the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
In what county is Wildhorse Valley?
Wild Horse Valley is in Napa County, CA.
But Wildhorse Valley is in Solano County, CA.
In what county is San Pasqual Valley?
San Pasqual Valley is in northern San Diego County, California.
What is the minimum percentage for Single Vineyard Appellation?
Wines labeled by single vineyard contain a minimum 95% of grapes grown in the stated vineyard.
What are the subregions of Long Island?
North Fork and the Hamptons
What is VSP?
Vertical shoot positioning has a bilateral cordon at 1 m height from the ground. (It can also be done with a cane-pruned system.) The shoots are trained by tying them to a trellis consisting of 2-3 horizontal wires running above the cordon. This is considered the state of the art system; movable wires are used to lift the shoots up as they grow. Rows can be positioned more closely together. Fruit is generally located in a single linear band, promoting uniformity of ripening. VSP does not perform as well in high vigor situations, where the foliage can become too dense. It is considered optimal for mechanical harvesting.
What is "Bousinage?"
In order to make an oak barrel, heat must be applied to bend each dry wooden stave into shape. This process is divided into three stages: warming (chauffage), shaping (cintrage), and toasting (bousinage)—the latter stage has a significant effect on the wine.
What are the five main forest for oak production in France?
French oak typically comes from one or more primary forests: Allier, Limousin, Nevers, Tronçais and Vosges. The wood from each of these forests has slightly different characteristics.
What is Bordeaux mixture?
The blue-staining Bordeaux Mixture, a spray of copper sulfate, water and lime, was developed by 1885 to prevent outbreaks of downy mildew.
What is "Metayage?"
Metayage: A system of sharecropping particularly common in the Cote d'Or whereby a vine-grower, or metayer, rents a vineyard or, more likely in Burgundy, part of a vineyard, and pays rent in the form of wine or grapes.