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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hardware
any physical piece of equipment called a device that is both connected to your computer and controlled by your computer
device
connected to your computer and controlled by your computer
external device
equipment such as keyboards, printers, and scanners, which remain outside the case of the computer
internal device
equipement such as disk drives, modems, and network adapter cards, which are placed inside the case of the computer
port
a way that an external device is connected to your computer
serial port
one of the older port types, usually used for a mouse, but can be used for some printers - can have up to four different serial ports (COM1) - transmits data one bit at a time
parallel port
usually reserved for printers - most computers have only one - transmits data eight bits at a time
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
thin, rectangular slot that sccomodates a high-speed connection to a variety of external devices - transmits data ten times faster than serial port
USB Connector
small rectangular plug needed to use USB technology
USB hub
a box that contains many USB ports that you plug into your computer
motherboard
circuit board inside your computer that contains the microprocessor
microprocessor
the 'brains' of your cojmputer
expansion slot
slot you can insert devices such as network adapter cards into
expansion cards / adapter cards
devices that you insert into expansion slots that expand or adapt your computer
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect)
connection standard that supports high connection speeds and is easy to install and configure
device conflict
when two devices share a particular resource a conflict can occur rendering one or both of the devices unusable
IRQ (interrupt request line)
number that signals the microprocessor that the device is requesting an action
DMA (direct memory access)
information is transferred directly between the device and the system's memory
I/O (input/output)
section of the computer's memory devoted to the different devices on a computer
memory address or memory range
the resource some devices need when they require additional computer memory for their own use (not related to communicating with the microprocessor)
driver
software file that enables Windows XP to communicate with and control the operation of the device
legacy device
older piece of hardware whose resources must be set manually on the hardware device itself
plug-and-play device
uses newer technology that allows Windows XP to recognize the new device automatically the first time it is connected to the computer
Add Hardware Wizard
a series of dialog boxes in which Windows XP prompts you for information about the new device, so you can set up the device properly with Windows XP
device manager
a tool that makes it easier to manage your devices and the resources they use
troubleshooter
sequence of dialog boxes that contain suggestions and questions about the source of your hardware trouble
local printer
one that is connected directly to your computer
network printer
connected to another computer on your network
print server
the main printer on a network
print spooling
creates a temporary file on your hard disk containing the electronic codes that control your particular printer - don't have to wait for the entire document to be printed before you can continue your work at your computer
print queue
a list of jobs being sent to the printer
viruses
programs that run on your computer and disrupt its operations
defragmenting
organizes files on a disk so that they are stored most efficiently
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Downloaded program files
(Disk Cleanup Options)
files downloaded automatically from the Internet when you view certain Web pages
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Temporary Internet files
(Disk Cleanup Options)
web pages stored on your hard disk for quick viewing, stored in the Temporary Internet Files folder
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Temporary Setup files
(Disk Cleanup Options)
temporary files created when you install a program - some programs delete these files when they are no longer neede; others leave them on your hard drive
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Offline Web Pages
(Disk Cleanup Options)
web pages stored on your computer so you can view them without being connected to the internet
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Recycle Bin
(Disk Cleanup Options)
files you deleted from your computer, which are stored in the Recycle Bin until you delete them
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Old CheckDisk files
(Disk Cleanup Options)
files created by CheckDisk when it locates corrupted data
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Temporary files
(Disk Cleanup Options)
files generated by programs to be used temporarily; usally these are deleted when you close the program, but if the program isn't shut down properly, the temporary files remain on your disk
(Disk Cleanup Options)
WebClient/Publisher Temporary files
(Disk Cleanup Options)
files maintained by the WebClient service, which maintains a cache of accessed files on the drive
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Compress Old Files
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Windows XP compresses files you haven't used recently
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Catalog Files for the Content Indexer
(Disk Cleanup Options)
files left over from the Indexing Service, which speeds up dile searches by building an index of files on a disk
(Disk Cleanup Options)
Windows XP Unistall Information
(Disk Cleanup Options)
files from a previous version of Windows - these appear only if Windows XP was installed on a computer that used an older version of Windows; they can be safely deleted if you don't intend to revert to the original version
tracks
series of rings around the circumference of the disk
sectors
equal parts like pieces of a pie that the track is divided into
cluster / allocation unit
one or more sectors of storage space - where the file is stored
FAT (File Allocation Table)
lists the clusters on the disk and records the status of each cluster
FAT32
improved on FAT16 by using disk space much more efficiently and accessing hard drives up to 2 terabytes in size
NTFS
file support system that supports file system revovery and can access disk drives up to 2 terabytes in size
bad sector
damaged sector on a disk
lost cluster
cluster that contains data that the file allocation table cannot match to a file
cross-linked file
contains a least one cluster that has been allocated to more than one file in the file allocation table
fragmented
name used to describe the problem that occurs when a disk contains files whose clusters are not next to each other
Processory Time
the percentage of time that the processor is executing - used as a measure of the load on the system's processor