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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
First Generation (1951-1958)
Vacum tubes
UNIVAC I
punched cards
machine language
FORTRAN
Second Generation (1959-1963)
transistors
1st mini computer
magnetic tapes/disks
COBAL
BASIC
Third Generation (1964-1970)
intregated circuts
RGP and Pascal
Fourth Generation (1971-Present)
LSI (Large Scale Intregation)
micro processor
IBM makes PC
BIT
BInary digIT
COBOL
COmmon Business Oriented Language
FORTRAN
FORmula TRANslation
BASIC
Beginners All purpose Symbollic Instruction Code
DOS
Disk Operation System
HTML
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
CPU
Central Processing Unit
LAN
Local Area Network
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
EBCDIC
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
WAN
Wide Area Network
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
IP
Internet Protocol
MODEM
MOdulate DEModulate
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
Operating system
a computer program that controls the basic operation of your computer and the programs you run on it
file
collection of infromation that has a unique name, distinguishing it from other files
GUI
Graphical User Interface
dimmed command
a menu command that is not currently avaliable
alternative to using the mouse to execute a command
Ctrl + Z
Recycle bin
where deleted files are placed
sizing buttons
allows you to minimize, maximize, and restore windows
title bar
where the name of the program and the file appear
RAM
Random Access Memory. Where your document is stored until you save the doc. It is temporary storage whose contents are erased when you turn the computer off
file extension
the windows program used to open a document dependes on this 3 letter extension
to select a single word
double click the word
to select a single line
click the left margin to the left of the first character in the paragraph
to select a single paragraph
triple click a word within the paragraph
to select the entire document
triple click the left margin
clipboard
when text is cut from a doc it is placed on the clipboard, a temporary storage till it is pasted
font sized is measured in?
points
cut
[Ctrl] [X]
copy
[Ctrl] [C}]
paste
[Ctrl] [V]
portrait
page is taller than it is wide
landscape
page is wider that it is tall
file management
organizing and keeping track of files and folders
file hierarchy
allows you to place files in folders, then place folders in other folders
local disk drive
hard magnetic disk where you can store large amounts of data. faster to access than floppy disk
floppy drive
soft magnetic removable disk. portable and less expensive
zip disk
soft magnetic removable disk store 100-500MB. not standard on all computers
CD-ROM
Compact Disk Read Only Memory. disk cant be erased or burned with additional data
CD-R
Compact Disk Recordable. Disk can be burned again with addiditonal data but cant be erased
CD-RW
Compact Disk Rewritable. Read, write, and erase data
DVD
Digital Video Disk
MS-DOS
Microsoft Disk Operating System
ISDN
Intergrated Services Digital Network
DSL
Digital Subsriber Lines
ISP
Internet Service Provider
techniques to narrow a web search
use descriptive, specific words, plain english phrases, use quotes
viruses
programs that attach themselves to a file, run, and reproduce. usually spread through email
internet worm
does not have to be attached to a file. it can spread and run by itself
trojan horse
program that appears to be useful, but releases viruses
Spam
unsolicited emial
Wi-Fi
wireless networks
AP
Access Point- a device-typically a router that acts as a hub for users of a wirless device
accessories
built in programs that come with windows
active
refers to the window you are currently using
add-ons
programs such as toolbars, stock tickers, and weather updates that extend the funcutality of IE
address bar
displays the address of the current Web page of the contents ofa local or network computer drive
adware
software that displays advertisments, such as pop up ads
argument
part of the command syntax that gives DOS more info about what you want it to do
byte
a unit of storage capable of holding a single character or pixel
cookie
a file created by a web site that stores info on your computer, such as your preferences and history
disk fragmenter
a windows accessory that restores fragmented files in one location
ellipses
in a dialog or on a menu, indicates you must supply more information before program can carry out that command
extract
to uncompress a file or folder
FAT
file allocation table- standard file system
gigabyte
= to 1,024 megabytes
insertion point
blinking verticle line, indicates where the next text will appear when you type
kilobyte
=1,024 bytes
megobyte
=1,048,576 bytes= to 1,024 kilobytes
pixel
a single point on your monitors screen