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28 Cards in this Set

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A directory service included with Windows 2000 Server-based systems that provides a single point of administration, authentication, and storage for user, group, and computer objects.
Active Directory (AD)
Contains the definition of all object classes and attributes used in the Active Directory database.
Active Directory schema
Used to define the characteristics of an object class within Active Directory.
An LDAP component used to uniquely identify an object throughout the entire LDAP hierarchy by referring to the relative __________ ________, domain name, and the container holding the object.
distinguished name (DN)
A logically structured organization of objects, such as users, computers, groups, and printers, that are part of a network and share a common directory database. __________ are defined by an administrator and administered as a unit with common rules and procedures.
Domain or Domains
A hierarchical name resolution system that resolves host names into IP addresses and vice versa. It is a method for maintaining domain naming structure and locating network resources.
Domain Name System (DNS)
A collection of Active Directory trees that do not share a contiguous DNS naming convention, but do share a common global catalog and schema.
The first domain created within the Active Directory structure.
forest root domain
An index of the objects and attributes used throughout the Active Directory structure. It contains a partial replica of every Windows 2000 domain within Active Directory, enabling uses to find any object in the directory.
global catalog
The Windows 2000 feature that allows for policy creation that affects domain users and computers. Policies can be anything from desktop settings to application assignment to security settings and more.
Group Policy
A Windows 2000 service that allows the use of a single, live Internet IP address to be shared among multiple clients. DHCP and DNS cannot be configured.
Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)
An access protocol that defines how users can access or update directory service objects.
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
A customizable management interface that can contain a number of management tools to provide a single, unified application for network administation.
Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
The filename extension of a console saved using the Microsoft Management Console.
Microsoft Saved Console (MSC)
A replication model in which any domain controller accepts and replicates directory changes to any other domain controller. This differs from other replication models in which one computer stores the single modifiable copy of the directory and other computer store backup copies.
Multi-master replication
The process of converting between IP addresses used within an intranet or other private network (called a sub domain) and Internet IP addresses. This approach makes it possible to use a large number of available numeric Internet IP address. Also, the network is protected when NAT replaces the source internal address and ports of all outgoing packets with a single public IP address.
Network Address Translation (NAT)
A collection of attributes that represent items within Active Directory, such as users, groups, computers, and printers.
Define which types of objects can be created within Active Directory, such as users, groups, and printers.
object classes
An Active Directory logical container used to organize objects within a single domain. Objects such as users, groups, computers, and other ___s can be stored in an ___.
(OU)organizational unit
An LDAP component used to identify an object within the objects container.
Relative distinguished name (RDN)
A windows 2000 service that allows users to access a company network or access the internet through a variety of ways such as dial-up, VPN, or NAT services.
Routing and Remote Access Services (RRAS)
A combination of one or more Internet Protocol (IP) subnets connected by a high-speed connection.
A low bandwidth or unreliable/occasional connection between sites. The _______ _______ can be adjusted for replication availablility, bandwidth costs, and replication frequency. They enable control over replication and logon traffic.
site link
The management tools that are added to a Microsoft Management Console interface.
Allows you to simplify administrative procedures by providing a graphical representation of the tasks that can be performed in a MMC console.
The ability for domains to trust one another. even though they do not have a direct explicit trust between them.
transitive trust
A hierarchical collection of domains that share a contiguous DNS namespace.
A windows 2000 service that allows a private and secure connection with a company network over the internet.
Virtual Private Networking (VPN)