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168 Cards in this Set

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A centralized resource and security management, administration, and control mechanism used to support and maintain a Windows 2000 domain. The _________ _______ is hosted by domain controllers.
Active Directory
The network protocol stack used predominantly in Apple Macintosh networks; this protocol is bundled with Windows 2000.
AppleTalk
A set of software routines referenced by an application to access underlying application services.
application programming interface (API)
The layout of operating system components and their relationships to one another.
architecture
A computer used to access network resources.
client
A computing environment in which the individual application maintains control over the duration that its threads use operating time on the CPU.
cooperative multitasking
A low-level network protocol designed for IBM connectivity, remote booting, and network printing.
Data Link Control (DLC)
The act of requesting free pages of memory from RAM for an active application.
demand paging
A centralized enterprise model used in Microsoft networks.
domain
A computer that maintains the domain's Active Directory, which stores all information and relationships about users, groups, policies, computers, and resources.
domain controller (DC)
The networking setup in which there is centralized administrative and security control. One or more servers are dedicated to the task of controlling the domain, providing access and authentication for shared domain resources to member computers.
domain model
A Microsoft Windows executable code module that is loaded on demand. Each ___ performs a unique function or small set of functions requested by applications.
dynamic link library (DLL)
The collection of kernel mode components designed for operating system management.
Executive Services
The file system used in versions of MS-DOS. Supported in Windows 2000 in its VFAT form, which adds long filenames and 4 GB file and volume sizes.
FAT (file allocation table) or FAT16
The 32-bit enhanced version of FAT introduced by Windows 95 OSR2, and which expands the file and volume size of FAT to 32 GB. ____ is supported by Windows 2000.
FAT32
One of the few components of the Windows 2000 architecture that is written in hardware-dependent code. It is designed to protect hardware resources.
hardware abstraction layer (HAL)
Microsoft's updated list of supported hardware for Windows 2000.
hardware compatibility list (HCL)
An encryption authentication scheme employed by Windows 2000 to verify the identity of a server and a client before actual data is transferred.
Kerberos
The core of the Microsoft Windows 2000 operating system. It is designed to facilitate all activity within the Executive Services.
kernel
The level where objects can only be manipulated by threads directly from an application subsystem.
kernel mode
A programming and operational separation of components, functions, and services.
mode
One of the most popular character-based operating systems for personal computers. Many ___ concepts are still in use by modern operating systems.
MS-DOS
The ability to run more than one program at the same time.
multitasking
The ability of an operating system and hardware to execute multiple pieces of code (or threads) from a single application simultaneously.
multithreading
The high-performance file system supported by Windows 2000, which offers file-level security, encryption, compression, auditing, and more. Supports volumes up to 16 Exabytes theoretically, Microsoft recommends volumes not exceed 2 Terabytes.
New Technology File System (NTFS)
Microsoft's implementation of Novell's IPX/SPX protocol, used for Microsoft Networking or for facilitating connectivity with Novell networks.
NWLink
A collection of data and/or abilites of a service that can be shared and used by one or more processes.
object
Software designed to work directly with hardware to provide a computing environment within which production and entertainment software can execute, and which creates a user interface to allow human interaction with the computer.
operating system
An operating system developed by IBM. Windows 2000 offers some ___ application support.
OS/2
An individual unit of memory that the Virtual Memory Manager manipulates (moves from RAM to paging file and vice versa).
page
A type of networking in which each computer can be a client to other computers, and act as a server as well.
peer-to-peer
The ability tof Windows 2000 to recognize hardware, automatically install drivers, and perform configuration changes on the fly.
Plug and Play
A subsystem that is sanctioned by the IEEE for maintaining consistency between drivers, and perform configuration changes on the fly.
POSIX
A computing environment in which the operating system maintains control over the duration of operating time any thread (a single process of an application) is granted on the CPU.
Preemptive multitasking
A collection of one or more threads.
Process
The networked computer that responds to the client requests for network resources.
Server
A suite of protocols evolved from the Department of Defense's ARPANet. It is used for connectivity in LANs as well as the Internet.
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
The most basic unit of programming code that can be scheduled for execution.
thread
The area in which private user applications and their respective subsystems lie.
User mode
A Windows 2000 kernal service that stores memory pages that are not currently in use by the system in a paging file. This frees up memory for other uses. _______ _______ also hides the swapping of memory from applications and higher-level services.
Virtual Memory
The part of the operating system that handles process priority and scheduling, providing the ability to preempt executing process and schedule new processes.
VMM (Virtual Memory Manager)
The subsystem in Windows 2000 that allows for the support of 16-bit Windows applications.
Win16
The main 32-bit system used by _____ applications and other applications subsystems.
Win32
The new Microsoft network operating system (NOS) version designed to function as a high-end resource on a network.
Windows 2000 advanced Server
An enhanced version of Windows 2000 Server developed to host high-end applications, as well as support data warehousing, real-time transaction processing, and enterprise Web site hosting.
windows 2000 Datacenter Server
The new Microsoft NOS version designed to function as a client/workstation on a network.
Windows 2000 Professional
The new Microsof NOS version designed to function as a resource host on a network.
Windows 2000 Server
An older, 16-bit version of Windows. Windows 2000 supports backward compatibility with most _________ __ applications.
Windows 3.x
The 32-bit version of Windows 95 with improved Internet and network connectivity.
Windows 98
A version of Windows 3.x that includes minimal network support to allow the software to act as a network client.
Windows for Workgroups
The Microsoft network operating system that was the predecessor to Windows 2000.
Windows NT
A networking scheme in which resources, administration, and security are distributed throughout the network.
workgroup
The networking setup in which users are managed jointly through the use of workgroups to which users are assigned.
workgroup model
Which of the following application environments does Windows 2000 support at least minimally?
a. PICK
b.SunOS
c.OS/2
d.X-Windows
C
Windows 2000 supports ________of memory and __________ of disk space.
2TB
Which of the following are kernal mode components in Windows 2000? Choose all that apply
a. Virtual Dos machines
b. Security Reference Monitor
c. hardware abstration layer
d. Win 16 subsystem
B and C
Windows 2000 supports only cooperative multitasking. True or False
False
Windows 2000 supports the HPFS file system. True or False
False
Windows 2000 has inherent support for facilitating connectivity to which of the following? (choose all that apply)
a. Novell NetWare
b. Macintosh printers
c. Linux
d. TCP/IP networks
a,d,b
Memory pages are stored in units of:
a. 2KB
b. 4KB
c. 16KB
d. 64KB
b
Which of the following operating systems can be used as a client on a Windows 2000 network? (Choose all that apply)
a. Windows for Workgroups
b. Windows NT 4.0 Workstation
c. MS-DOS
d. Windows 98
all of them
If you want users to share resources, but have no concern for local security on the system, which operating system would be your best choice?
a. Windows 98
b. Windows NT Workstation
c. Windows 2000 Professional
d. Windows 2000 Advanced Server
a
Which of these configuration specifications will allow for the installation of Windows 2000 Professional? (Choose all that apply)
a. Intel 166 MHz Pentium, 32MB of RAM,2 GB disk space
b.Compaq Alpha, 48 MB of RAM, 2 GB disk space
c. Intel 486DX/66, 16 MB of RAM, 800 MB disk space
d. Intel 133 MHz Pentium, 24 MB of RAM, 2 GB disk space
a & b (preferably a)
A dual-boot computer hosts both Windows 98 and Windows 2000 Professional. You need to download an 8GB datafile, which will be used by both OSs. What file system should you use to format the host volume?
a. FAT
b. FAT32
c. NTFS
b
Your are setting up a computer for the purpose of sharing files. Each user connecting will need to have specific levels of access based on their identity. You also want the security system to employ encryption authentication to verify the identity of both the server and client before data transfer can occur. Which operating system would be the most effective solution?
a. Windows 98
b.Windows 2000 Professional
c.Windows NT Workstation
d.Windows 2000 Server
d (but b is also correct)
The two networking modes supported in Windows 2000 are __________and __________.
Workgroup model and domain model
The three file systems supported in Windows 2000 are __________,_________and _________.
FAT, FAT32 AND NTFS
When a user presses the Ctrl + Alt+Delete key combination in Windows 2000 after booting, what happens?
a. The computer reboots.
b. The logon screen appears.
c. A "blue screen of death" occurs.
d. A command prompt appears.
b (also attention sequence)
Windows 2000 runs on top of DOS. True or False
False
Which of the following are required to install Windows 2000 on Intel-based computers?
a. an SCSI CD-ROM drive
b. a tape backup device
c. a network interface card
d. none of the above
c
Windows 2000 was designed by Microsoft to replace what other operating system?
a. Windows 98
b. Windows NT
c. Windows for Workgroups
d. windows CE
b
Administrators desiring a centralized model of resource management should consider the ________network model.
a.workgroup
b.domain
b
All direct access to hardware is mediated by which component?
a. kernel
b. Win32 subsystem
c. hardware abstraction layer
d. Executive Service
c
Windows 2000 Professional natively supports ________ processors.
a. 1
b. 2
c. 4
d. 32
b
Windows 2000 includes native support for what types of security hardware?
a. voice recognition
b. smart cards
c. retinal scanners
d. body heat imaging
b
Window NT Professional clients can print to Macintosh printers using the AppleTalk protocol. True or False?
True
When a DOS application that is used to manipulate files on a hard drive is launched on a Windows 2000 Professional system, in what mode does the process execute?
a. user
b. kernel
c. protected
d. IPC
a
What supported platforms allow the installation of Windows 2000 to occur over a network? (Choose all that apply)
a. Intel
b. PowerPC
c. Compaq Alpha
d. MIPS
A & C
What are the Protocols supported in the Windows 2000 (core OS)?
AppleTalk, Data Link Control (DLC),NetBIOS Enhanced User Interface (NetBEUI),NWLink, TCP/IP
NTFS has been improved with support for _____ _____ ______ ,enhanced content indexing to speed searches, and improved file opject properties for identifying and grouping file objects.
EFS-Encrypting File System
The workgroup model is best for groups of __________ computers.
less than 10
amount
Domains are useful for groups of ___________.
10 or more (standard 100-200 pcs)
amount of computers
Windows supports three core environment subsystems. What are they?
Win32, POSIX, OS/2
The I/O Manager is composed of what components?
Cache Manager, Network Drivers, Device Drivers.
The partition that the computer uses to boot.
active partition
The Windows 2000 account designed to perform a full array of management functions.
Administrator
A text file that contains a complete set of instructions for installing Windows 2000.
answer file
The software that shows all operating systems currently available and via a menu, permits the user to choose which one should be booted.
boot loader
The text file that creates the Windows 2000 boot loader's menu.
Boot.ini
The installation method in which an operating system is installed without regard to preexisting operating systems. In other word, all settings and configurations are set to the OS's defaults.
Fresh installation or clean installation
A multiboot system with only two operating systems.
dual-boot system
A DOS utility used to partition a hard disk. The DOS _______ tool can only see and manipulate primary NTFS partitions; it cannot even view logical drives in an extended partition formated with NTFS.
FDISK
The method used to arrang files on disk and read and write them. Windows 2000 supports NTFS,FAT, AND FAT32 disk _______ _______.
file system
Rewriting the track and sector information on a disk. This process removes all data previously on the disk.
format
The first sector on a hard disk, which contains executive code and a partition table, which stores information about the disk's primary and extended partitions.
master boot record (MBR)
A computer that host two or more operating systems that can be booted by selecting one from a boot menu or boot manager during each power on.
multiboot system
Another name for network interface card (NIC), the piece of hardware that inables communication between the computer and a network.
network adapter
A space set aside on a disk and assigned a drive letter. A _______ may take up all or part of the space on a disk. You create _______ when installing an operating system or when adding new drives.
partitions
A service used to "push" an installation of Windows 2000 (Professional or Server) over a network to a client.
RIS-Remote Installation Service
The Windows 2000 tool that provides you with a GUI interface for creating an answer file.
Setup Manager
The four disk used by Windows 2000 to initiate the installation process on computer systems that do not have an existing OS, do not have a CD-ROM that supports bootable CDs, or that do not have network access to a Windows 2000 distribution file share. These disks can be created by running the Makeboot file and the Bootdisk directory on the distribution CD.
setup boot disk (or floppies)
The Windows 2000 utility used to take a snapshot of a basic installation and, after changes have been made, record the changes and then apply them to another installation.
Sysdiff
A tool use to duplicate an entire hard drive. this tool is useful when installing Windows 2000 onto multiple identical systems that require identical configurations.
System Preparation tool (Sysprep)
A Windows 2000 installation that uses a previously made script to install from. Such an installation method does not require user interaction.
unattended installation
A text file that contains a partial set of instructions for installing Windows 2000, to specify settings for individual users. Used to supplement an answer file, when only minor changes are needed that don't require a new answer file.
uniqueness database file (UDF)
The installation method in which data and configuration settings from the previous operating system remain intact. The level or amount of retained data varies according to the existing operating system's type.
upgrade installation
A component of Windows 2000 that manages the installation and removal of applications by applying a set of centrally defined setup rules during the installation process.
Windows Installer Service (WIS)
The 16-bit Windows 2000 program.
Winnt
The 32-bit Windows 2000 installation program.
Winnt32
The chip architexture used by Intel and others to create 386 and later CPUs (including the Pentium)
x86
Which operating system other than Windows 2000 can be installed onto a computer system in a multboot configuration without requiring special third-party software? (choose all that apply)
a. DOS
b. OS/2
c. Linux
d. Windows 95
a, b, d (also c can be included at times)
Which of the following operating systems may be upgraded to Windows 2000 Professional? (choose all that apply.)
a. Windows 3.x
b. Windows for Workgroups
c. Windows 95/98
d. Windows NT 3.x+
c & d
Data stored on a partition formatted with Fat32 is only accessible from Windows 2000. True or False
False
Which of the following is the correct location for the x86 installation files on the installation CD?
a. the root directory of the CD
b. \Support\i386
c. \Install\i86
d. none of the above
d
When Sharing an installation folder across the network, you should assign it ___________ permission.
read-only
Which of the following are situations that allow a floppyless installation? (Choose all that apply.)
a. The network is not yet functioning.
b. The hard disk for the computer on which Windows 2000 is being installed is not yet formatted.
c.No CD drivers are present for the existing operating system.
d. Windows 95 is already installed on the computer.
a,c,d
Microsoft will provide support only for problems caused by hardware not on the hardware compatibility list. True or False?
False
When Windows 2000 can be installed with only the CD-ROM if the computer's hardware is properly configured. True or False?
either one
What is the command used to create a setup floppy disks?
a. Winn32/ox
b. Makeboot
c. Winnt32/b
d. Start, Settings,System-Create Boot Disk button
B (remember Winnt32/ox is for NT OS)
What is the DOS utility used to create and delete partitions on a hard disk called?
FDISK
Windows 2000 must be installed to an NTFS partition. True or False?
False
Which of the following statements is true? (Choose all that apply)
a. The entryies in a uniqueness database file (UDF) override those in an answer file when the two are used together.
b. An answer file is used to script text-mode Setup, whereas a UDF scripts GUI-mode Setup.
c. If you have several installations to complete that differ only in the username, then you can use an answer file to customized the settings in the UDF.
d.Answer files can be created using the setup Manager.
a and b
The maximum volum size for FAT32 partitions is 2 TB. True or False?
False
Which file system can be used on an installation destination directory for Windows 2000 Professional if the partition is 4 GB in size? (choose all that apply)
a. FAT
b. FAT32
c.NTFS
all of them
When removing Windows 2000, all NTFS partitions can be deleted with just FDISK. True or False?
False (only can see primary partitions)
Which of the following commands is used to record the original state of a Windows 2000 installation?
a. Sysdiff/apply
b. Sysdiff/diff
c. Sysdiff/inf
d. Sysdiff/snap
d
Running _______ creates a text record of a Sysdiff difference file.
dump
Which command would you use to map a network drive from a DOS computer?
a. NET START
b. NET LOGON
c. NET USE
d. NET CONNECT
c
The ______ Winnt switch is used to specify a setup information file other thatn Dosnet.inf.
I
At what point in the installation do you have the option of converting the file system to NTFS?
a. after selecting the installation partition
b. after the hard disk has been examined
c. at the end of the GUI-mode portion of installation.
d. You must convert the partition after Setup has been completed.
a
The Unattend.txt file included as a sample on the Windows 2000 Professional CD can be used without modification to perform an upgrade of Windows NT Workstation. True or False?
True
Unattended, or automated, installation scripts can be created to perform which of the folloing functions? (choose all that apply)
a. duplicate an existing system's configuration
b. create a read-only installation whereby viewers can step through the installation but not make any configuration changes
c. automate only the GUI portion of Setup
d. provide custom defaults but allow intaller to change settings
all of the above
What is the one action you must perform no mater from which operating system you launch a network installation of Windows 2000?
a. Install TCP/IP
b. map a network drive to the Windows 2000 share
c. preformat a 4 GB partition with FAT32
d. use SYS C: to repair the MBR
c
Your preparing fro a network installation of Windows 2000. Which of the following is not a step required to accomplish this? (choose all that apply)
a. Copy the \Support directory from the installation CD to the server supplying the installation files.
b. Share the installation directory with Read permissions.
c. Boot the destination client computer onto the network.
d. Run Winnt32/n on the network server.
a and d
You want to change the menu description for Windows 2000 in the boot loader's menu. Which file will you edit to make the change?
a. Dosnet.inf
b. Unattend.txt
c. Boot.ini
d. Winnt.ini
c
WINNT
Specifies the source location of the Windows 2000 files. The location must be full path of the form x:\[path] or \\server\share[\path]. The default is the current folder.
/S[:sourcepath]
WINNT
Directs Setup to place temporary files on the specified drive and to install Windows 2000 on that drive. If you do not specify a location, Setup attempts to locate a drive for you.
/T[:tempdrive]
WINNT
Specifies the file name (no path) of the Setup information file. The default file name is Dosnet.inf
/I[inffile]
WINNT
skips the creation of the Setup startup floppy disks. The Setup startup floppy disks that came with you Windows 2000 software are required after Setup restarts the computer.
/X
WINNT
skipps the free disk space verification of the Setup startup flopy disks.
/C
WINNT
Performs unattended Setup using an answer file (requires /S) The answer file provides answers to some or all of the prompts you normally respond to during setup.
/U[:answer_file]
WINNT
Indicates an identifier (ID) that Setup uses to specify how a uniqueness database file (UDF)modifies an answer file (see /U). The /udf parameter overrides values in the answer file, and the identifier UDF_file is specified, Setup prompts you to insert a disk that contains the $Unique$.udb file.
/UDF:id[,UDF_file]
WINNT
Specifies an optional forlder to be installed. The folder remains after Setup finishes.
/r[:FOLDER]
WINNT
Specifies an optional folder to be copied. The folder is deleted after Setup finishes.
/Rx[:folder]
WINNT
Specifies a command to be run at the end of the GUI -mode portion of Setup.
/E
WINNT
Enables accessability options.
/A
WINNT32
Specifies the source location of the Windows2000 files. To simultaneously copy files from multiple servers, specify multiple /s sources. If you use multiple /s switches, the first specified server must be available or Setup will fail.
/s:sourcepath
WINNT32
Directs Setup to place temporary files on the specified partition and to install Windows 2000 on that partition.
/tempdrive:drive_letter
WINNT32
switch to automate Setup affirms that you have read and accepted the End User License Agreement (EULA) for Windows 2000. Before using this switch to install Windows2000 on behalf of an organization other that your own, you must confirm that the end user (whether an individual, or a single entity) has received, read and accepted the terms of the Windows2000 EULA. OEMs may not specify this key on machines being sold to end users.
Using the /unattend
WINNT32
Performs a fresh installation in unattend Setup mode. The answer file provides Setup with your custom specifications.
/unattend[num]:[answer_file]
WINNT32
The number of seconds between the time that Setup finishes copying the files and when it restarts your computer. you can use num on any computer running WindowsNT or Windows2000.
Num
WINNT32
the name of the answer file.
Answer_file
WINNT32
Creates an additional folder within the folder in which the windows 2000 files are installed. For example, if the source folder contains a folder called Private_drivers that has modifications just for your site, you can type /copydir:Privat_drivers to have Setup copy that folder to your installed Windows 2000 folder. So then the new folder location would be C:\Winnt\Private_drivers. You can use /copydir to create as many additional folders as you want.
/copydir:folder_name
WINNT32
Creates a temporary additional folder within the folder in which the Windows 2000 files are installed. For example, if the source folder contains a folder called Private drivers that has modifications just for your ste, you can type /copy-source:Privat_drivers to have Setup copy that folder to your installed Windows 2000 folder and use its files during Setup. So then the temporary folder location would be C:\Winnt\Privat_drivers. Unlike the folders /copydir creates, /copysource folders are deleted after Setup completes.
/copysource:folder_name
WINNT32
Instructs Setup to carry out a specific command before the final phase of Setup. This would occur after your computer has restarted twice and after Setup has collected the necessary configuration information, but before setup is complete.
/cmd:command_line
WINNT32
Creates a debug log at the level specified, for example, /debug4:C:Win2000.log. the default log file is C:\%Windir%\Winnt32.log, with the debug level set to 2. The 3 -information, and 4-detailed information for debugging. Each level includes the levels below it.
/debug[level]:[filename]
WINNT32
Indicates an identifier (id) that Setup uses to specify how a Uniqueness Database (UDB) file modifies an answer file (see the /unattend entry). The UDB overrides values in the answer file, and the identifier determines which values in the UDB file are used. For example, /udf:RAS_user,Our_company.udb overrides settings specified for the identifier RAS_user in the Our_company.udb file. if no UDB_file is specified, Setup promts the user to insert a disk that contains the %Unique%.udb file
/udf:id[,UDB_file]
WINNT32
Specifies that you can copy Setup startup files to a hard disk, mark the disk as active, and then install the disk into another computer. When you start that computer, it automatically starts with the next phase of the Setup. You must always use the /tempdrive parameter with the /syspart parameter.
/syspart:drive_letter
WINNT32
the switch for Winnt32.exe only runs from a computer that already has WindowsNT3.51, Windows NT4.0 or Windows2000 installed on it. It cannot be run from Windows 9x.
/syspart
WINNT32
checks your computer for upgrade compatibility with Windows2000. For Windows94 or Windows98 upgrades, Setup creates a report named Upgrade.txt in the Windows installation folder. For WindowsNT 3.51 or 4.0 upgrades, it saves the report to the Winnt32.log in the installation folder.
/checkupgradeonly
WINNT32
Adds to the operating system selection screen a recovery Console option for repairing a failed installation. It is only used post-Setup.
/cmdcons
WINNT32
Spiceifies that Setup copies replacement files from an alternate location. Instructs Setup to look in the alternate location first and if files are present, use them instead of the files from the default location.
/m:folder_name
WINNT32
Instructs Setup to copy all installation source files to your local hard disk. use/makelocalsource when installing from a CD to provide installation files when the cd is not available later in the installation.
/makelocalsource
When used with the _______ argument, Sysdiff takes a snapshot of the current Registry and the file system directories. This information is recorded in a snapshot file.
Snap
The ______ argument records the difference between the view of the system as recorded with ______ and its state when Sysdiff is run again on the same system. the differences are recorded in a difference file.
Diff
Applies the data in the difference file to the windows 2000 installation on which it's being run. Any differences in the operating system will be made, and any application added to the installation.
Apply
used to apply differences to installation across the network.
inf
Creates a text file listing the changes between the original installation and the ammended one.
dump