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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prologue
introduction to a play that gives basic or background info
Sonnet
a 14 line poem that has a specific rhyme scheme
Chorus
in Shakespearean drama, a chorus is a group of narrators who sum up or preview the action
Similes
uses “like” or “as” to compare two unlike things
Metaphorical Language
uses metaphors to compare unlike things
Personification
giving an inanimate object human qualities
Imagery
use or rich language to evoke the senses, it helps in creating mood and tone as well as revealing characters
Theme
Insight to life, in tragedy it concerns the downfall of the hero or heroine. Can be universal (like love, revenge) or specific (illicit love does not always last forever).
Comedy
Comedies reflect the foibles, contradictions, and confusions of man and society. They may be broadly funny and playful, wry and cynical, or satirical and biting. Comic protagonists face many conflicts, but they usually emerge unscathed from them.
Tragedy
Drama type where central character meets with tragedy or misfortune. Conflicts usually end in death. Tragedies evoke the disillusionment and agony of life. Tragic protagonists are destroyed by their own self-destructive tendencies, or by external forces over which they have no control – nature, rivals, society, war, poverty, illness. Their downfall and death often seem predestined
Foreshadowing
the author gives hints and preparations for future events in the story
Situational Irony
(irony that a situation occurs that the reader does not expect, or is opposite of what is expects; if it is a situation that ends in death or tragedy, it then becomes cosmic irony, AKA “fate”), and dramatic irony (which is when the reader knows more about a situation in the story than the other characters do.)
Irony
4 types – verbal (sarcasm; saying something other than what is meant in order to cause a certain effect),
Allusion
reference to literature, religion, mythology, or history. Deepens meaning of the line or story.
Aside
brief remark from a character to the audience (off to the side) that is not heard by other characters.
Dialogue
conversation with at least 2 characters.
Monologue
character talks a long time, but in the presence or to other characters. (MONO=one)
Soliloquy
character is alone on stage expresses thoughts and feelings, as if thinking aloud (SOLO= by yourself))
Dramatic Foil
opposite/ brings out character traits of another character
Blank verse
unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter; every other syllable is accented.
NOT ALL of R&J is written in this. It is used to accentuate certain lines and to emphasize a serious or meaningful tone.

Ex: “But soft what light through yonder window breaks!”