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50 Cards in this Set

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Willa Cather was born in Back Creek, Virginia on December 7th, 1873
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
When she was 9 the family moved to Red Cloud, NE
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
She attended the University of Nebraska, where she often dressed as William Cather, her opposite sex "twin"
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
She worked on the editorial staff at McClure's Magazine in NYC for six years
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
Cather won the Pulitzer Prize in 1923 for One of Ours
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
LANDSCAPE and SETTING were essential elements in her novels and often took on a character of their own.
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
Her first published work was a collection of POEMS called April Twilights, followed by a collection of SHORT STORIES called The Troll Garden. Her most CRITICALY ACCLAIMED works were NOVELS based on her native Nebraska.
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
Willa Cather had an extensive background in EDITING from her experience with the Scavenger Hunt.
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
As an adolescent, she defied the norms for girls: she cut her hair short, wore trousers, and openly rebelled against the roles girls were supposed to play.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
At the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, she edited the school magazine and published articles and play reviews in local papers.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
After graduating, she languished awhile in Red Cloud until she was offered a position editing Home Monthly in Pittsburgh.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
She became a member of the staff of McClure's Magazine and finally, its editor. In 1912, after five years with McClure's, she left the magazine to have time for her own writing.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
She subsequently published her first five novels. These novels announced her themes of strong women, the fight against provincial life, and the dying of the pioneer tradition.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
This was the period of O Pioneers (1913), Song of the Lark (1915), My Antonia (1918), One of Ours (1922), and A Lost Lady (1922). She won the Pulitzer Prize for One of Ours.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
After this prolific period, Cather entered a period of despair. It was a time, she said, when the world broke apart. Recovering from this difficult period, she wrote her greatest novels: The Professor's House (1925), My Mortal Enemy (1926), Death Comes for the Archbishop (1927), and "Shadows on the Rock" (1931).
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
There always seemed to exist a tension in Willa Cather's life and, thus, in her writing. She was drawn to the East coast, its mountains and cities.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
She loved the romantic literature of France, yet her own writing style was one of classic restraint.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
Most of her work is autobiographical in nature, yet before she died she ordered her letters burned so no one could have access to her.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
She had a large circle of friends, yet to write she needed the solitude of Nebraska or New Hampshire.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
Red Cloud, Nebraska, her home, both attracted and repelled her; it was also the source of her art.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
Cather continued to write for the next 16 years, although she was becoming increasingly frail. She died in 1947.
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
in full Wilella Sibert Cather American novelist noted for her portrayals of the settlers and frontier life on the American plains.
"Cather, Willa." 2005. Encyclopedia Brittanica. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9020805>.
At age 9 Cather moved with her family from Virginia to frontier Nebraska, where from age 10 she lived in the village of Red Cloud.
"Cather, Willa." 2005. Encyclopedia Brittanica. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9020805>.
In such classic American novels as O Pioneers! Willa Cather wrote of people she had known as a girl in Nebraska.
"Cather, Willa." 2005. Encyclopedia Brittanica. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9020805>.
Her friends were native Americans as well as European immigrants and their children.
"Cather, Willa." 2005. Encyclopedia Brittanica. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9020805>.
She showed how these pioneers were able to adapt to the rugged prairie life in the western area of America.
"Cather, Willa." 2005. Encyclopedia Brittanica. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9020805>.
Willa Sibert Cather, the eldest of four children in the Cather family, was born on December 7, 1873. She was born in Back Creek Valley, near Winchester, to Charles F. Cather and Mary Virginia Boak Cather.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Her father gave her the name Willela after his younger sister who died as a child. He had a career as a deputy sheriff and Cather's mother was a homemaker.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
She had two brothers, Roscoe and Douglass, and one sister, Jessica.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Cather refused to believe that she was named after her father's sister. Instead, she insisted that she was named after her mother's brother, William Seibert Boak. This led to her nickname, Willie, which stuck with her until her death in 1947.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Cather spent most of her early childhood in the Shenandoah Valley, but at the age of nine, she moved with her family to Nebraska.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
The Cather Family spent two years on a farm in Catherton, Nebraska, which is in Webster County.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Willa Cather was a tomboy right to the core! She had a strong hate for long hair, dresses, and skirts, so she wore trousers and kept her hair very short. Her mother was vain and had a concern with fashion ("Biography"). Willa's behavior in her apparel upset her mother, so her concerns were now focused on turning her daughter into a lady. Willa was very stubborn and refused to change in any way. Finally, her mother gave up on her useless attempts ("Biography").
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Willa went through school like any other child. She took an interest in both theater and science. As a high school student, her greatest ambition was to become a doctor, despite the fact that very few women were in this field.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
She became friends with two of the doctors from Red Cloud and was allowed to go with them on some of their calls ("Willa Cather" Life of). She was even allowed to be an assistant to one of the doctors who was amputating a boy's leg. Being allowed to tag along with the doctors inspired Willa so much that she worked at home, experimenting on animals with a set of medical tools ("Willa Cather" Life of).
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Some of the people in Red Cloud were outraged by her experiments, but that wasn't enough to stop her from reaching her goal for her career in science.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Her theater interest wasn't as great as her passion for science, but it did exist. Red Cloud had an Opera House and Willa Cather just adored it. The actors and actresses inspired her as they performed, so she decided to join the other children in small performances. She always chose to play male roles though ("Willa Cather" Life of).
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Willa Cather graduated from Red Cloud High School at the age of sixteen in June of 1890. Her graduating class consisted of only three people. Out of the three graduates, Willa Cather was the only one with intentions of furthering her education.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
After graduation, she moved to Lincoln, the capital of Nebraska, and made an attempt to get accepted to the University of Nebraska. She was accepted and would enter the University in 1891, after one year in its prep school.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
She had set goals to achieve a degree in science. Her main interests were botany, astronomy, and chemistry. In March of 1891, one of Willa Cather's assignments changed her interest from science to writing, or journalism ("Biography").
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
Cather spent her spare time in college editing the school magazine, the Hesperian. She also published articles and play reviews in the local papers.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm>.
She became the editor of the school magazine during her junior year, taking advantage of any chance to publish her own short stories.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm
Whenever she saw the opportunity to earn money for writing a paper for the journal, she would set aside schoolwork and write instead.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm
After graduation, she returned to Red Cloud to work for the Courier. However, she was offered another job and moved to Pittsburgh to be the editor of a women's magazine called Home Monthly.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm
In 1897, the magazine was sold and Willa Cather went to work for the Pittsburgh Leader, a local newspaper
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm
In 1901, work on the Pittsburgh Leader began to get slow so the career ended. Following her job at the newspaper, she began teaching Latin and English at Central High School in Pittsburgh. She also taught at Allegheny High School, which was across the river from Central High School, for three years. During her five-year teaching career, Willa Cather continued to write.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm
In 1906, Willa Cather moved to New York and accepted a position as editor of McClure's Magazine .
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm
In 1908, while on an assignment in Boston, she met Sarah Orne Jewett. Willa Cather greatly admired her work. It was the encouragement of Ms. Jewett that led Cather to write stories about Nebraska. The conversations between the two ladies led Cather to her decision to leave the magazine in order to devote her time to her writing ("Cather, Willa Sibert").
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm
After the publication of O Pioneers, Cather began to support herself through magazine publications of her stories and sales of her books.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm
After the publication of A Lost Lady in 1923, she had a period of despair ("Biography"). However, during that same year, she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for One of Ours, which was published the previous year.
Lyles, Lori. Willa Cather (1873-1947). 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.ncteamericancollection.org/litmap/cather_willa_va.htm