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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Moses and the Jews
(2 points)
Bury waste
Isolate leprosy
Hippocrates and the Greeks
(3 points)
Hypocratic oath
Disease passes person to person
Immunity from disease
Romans
(1 point)
"Seeds" of disease enter through mouth
The Plague
(2 points)
Jews are "spared" (hygeine and isolation)
Wealthy escape to country
Hooke
Compound microscope
Coined term "cell" (monks' quarters)
Leeuuenhoek
(3 points)
Grinds lenses
300x microscope
Tiny "animacules" in teeth
Linnaeus
(1 point)
Father of Taxonomy (classify organisms)
Schwann
(1 point)
Cell theory
Cell theory
(2 points)
Cell is foundation unit of life
New cells arise from the old
Redi
(Experiment and results)
Meat in jar
Covers jar and maggots do not form
Criticism: The air is "bad"
Spallanzani
(Experiment and results)
Broth (culture) in flasks
Seal shut and heat- no growth
Criticism: heating removed the "good air"
Pasteur's experiment
Swan-necked flasks
Broth is open to air but still no growth
Ends theories of "spontaneous generation"
Pasteur
Pasteurization
Rabies vaccine
Koch
Anthrax
In-vitro techniques
Postulates
Koch's Postulates (steps)
1. Find diease causitive (guess)
2. Isolate in pure culture
3. Inocculate healthy host to cause disease
4.Reisolate causitive and compare
Angelina Hesse
creates solid agar
Semmelweis
Notices that people die when doctors don't wash hands
Promotes cleanliness in hospitals
Treated as insane
Lister
Uses carbonic acid spray to decrease infections in surgery
Lady Montagu
Soaks thread in smallpox pus and draws thread through cut to immunize
Variolation
Drawing a thread soaked in smallpox pus through a cut and immunizing children with it
Originated in India
Jenner
Cowpox variolation
Notices that milk maids who come down with minor cowpox are immune to smallpox
Ehrlich
Works with syphillus
"Magic Bullet" to kill microbes once in the body
Mercury potion
Fleming
Penicillium mold falls into staphylcoccus plate on windowsill
Bacteria die around the mold
Chain and Florey
Able to make large amounts of Penicillin