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11 Cards in this Set

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Science
A way of learning about the natural world through observations and logical reasoning; leads to a body of knowledge.
observation
The process of using one or more of the five senses to gather information about the world.
scientific inquiry
The diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world.
inference
An interpretation of an observation based on evidence and prior knowledge.
hypothesis
A possible expanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question; must be testable.
variable
Any factor that can change in an experiment
manipulated variable
The one factor that a scientist changes during an experiment.
responding variable
The variable that is expected to change in response to the manipulated variable.
controlled experiment
An investigation in which all variables except one remain the same.
scientific law
A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions.
scientific theory
A well tested concept that explains a wide range of observations.