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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Accuracy
gathering of laboratory and real world data precisely
Correlation
NOT CAUSATION, events not necessarily casually related
Counseling Psychologist
works with people who have behavior problems; career planning; marriage
Debriefing
information revealed following an experiment
Educational Psychologist
focuses on how learning proceeds in classroom, how inteligence affects performance, relationship between personality and learning
Introspection
Description and analysis of what one is thinking and feeling or just thought about
Engineering Psychologist
focuses on how to use machine most efficiently
Forensic Psychologist
focuses on legal issues, evaluates when an inmate is ready for parole, or whether a specific rehab program is achieving its goals
Health Psychologist
focuses on the way lifestyle changed can facilitate health improvement
Hypothesis
educated guess
Industrial/organizational psychologist
concerned with the way employers evaluate employees; focuses on personnel selection, work behavior and appraisals
Objectivity
evaluating research without preconceived ideas
Participant
previously know as the subject of an experiment; behavior observed for data collection
Psychology
science of behavior and mental processes
Replication
repeating an experiment to verify results
Structuralism
study of mental life, immediate and conscious experience;
introspection
what individual is thinking and feeling about last thoughts
-Wicht
-Titchner
Functionalism
how and why the mind works, study of consciousness; overt behavior
-William James
Gestalt
studies total experience, mold and analyze patterns
-Wertheimer
-Kurt Koffka
Psychoanalysis
psychological maladjustment is consequence of anxiety caused by unresolved conflit
-sigmund freud
Behaviorism
focuses and describes what is observable
-John Watson: overt behavior
-Skinner: environment determines behavior
Humanisitic
free will and inherently good, desire for self-actualization
-Maslow
-Rogers
Cognitive
fovuses on mental processes (learning, memory, thinking) : people do good/bad things b/c of ideas and thoughts
Biological
hereditary and biological structures affect behavior
-Noam Chomsky