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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Anthropogenic
Human-induced changes on the natural environment
Cartography
Theory and practice of making visual representations of the earth's surface in the form of maps
Cultural ecology
The study of the interactions between societies and the natural enviroments they live in
Cultural landscape
The human-modified natural landscape specifically containing the imprint of a particular culture or society
Earth system science
Systematic approach to physical geography that looks at the interaction between the earth's physical systems and processes on a global scale
Environmental geography
The intersection between human and physical geography, which explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical environment and vice versa
Eratosthenes
The head librarian at Alexandria during the third century B.C.; he was one of the first cartographers. Performed a remarkably accurate computation of the earth's circumferance. He is also credited with coining the term "geography."
Fertile Crescent
Name given to cresent-shaped area of fertile land streching from the lower Nile Valley, along the east Mediterranean coast, and into Syria and present-day Iraq where agriculture and early civilization first began about 8000 B.C.
Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
A set of computer tools used to capture, store, transform, analyze, and display geographic data.
Global Positioning System (GPS)
A set of satellites used to help determine location anywhere on the earth's surface with a portable electronic device.
Idiographic
Pertaining to the unique facts or characteristics of a particular place.
George Perkins Marsh
Inventor, diplomat, politician, and scholar, his classic work, "Man and Nature", or "Physical Geography as Modified by Human Action", provided the first description of the extent to which natural systems had been impacted by human actions.
Natural landscape
The physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human activities.
Nomothetic
Concepts or rules that can be applied universally.
W.D. Pattison
He claimed that geography drew from four distinct traditions: the eath-science tradition, the cultural-environment tradition, the locational tradition, and the area-analysis tradition.
Physical geography
The realm of geography that studies the structures, processes, distributions, and change through time of the natural phenomena of the earth's surface.
Ptolemy
Roman geographer-astronomer and author of "Guide to Geography" which included maps containing a grid system of latitude and longitude.
Qualitative data
Data associated with a more humanistic approach to geography, often collected through interviews, empirical observations, or the interpretation of texts, artwork, old maps, and other archives.
Quantitative revolution
A period in human geography associated with the widespread adoption of mathematical models and statistical techniques.
Region
A territory that encompasses many places that share similar attributes (may be physical, cultural, or both) in comparison with the attributes of places elsewhere.
Regional geography
The study of geographic regions.
Remote sensing
Observation and mathematical measurements of the earth's surface using aircraft and satellites. The sensors include both photographic images, thermal images, multispectral scanners, and radar images.
Carl Sauer
Geographer from the University of California at Berkeley who defined the concept of cultural landscape as the fundamental unit of geographical analysis. This landscape results from interaction between humans and the physical environment. Sauer argued that virtually no landscape has escaped alteration by human activities.
Sense of place
Feelings evoked by people as a result of certain experiences and memories associated witha particular place.
Spatial perspective
An intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why the phenomena is where it is, and how t is spatially related to phenomena in other places.
Sustainability
The concept of using the earth's resources in such a way that they provide for people's needs in the present without diminishing the earth's ability to provide for future generations.
Systematic geography
The study of the earth's integrated systems as a whole, instead of focusing on a particular phenomena in a single place.
Thematic layers
Individual maps of specific features that are overlaid on one another in a Geographical Information System (GIS) to understand and analyze a spatial relationship.
Quantitative data
Data associated with mathematical models and statistical techniques used to analyze spatial location and association.