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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
PAX ROMANA
PERIOD OF PEACE & STABILITY IN ROMAN EMPIRE
ETRUSCANS
RULERS OF ROME BEFORE C.509 BC, OVERTHROWN AFTER RAPE OF LUCRETIA
GOOD EMPERORS
LAST 5 EMPERORS OF PAX ROMANA BEFORE CORRUPTION & INVASION
MONARCHY
RULE BY A SINGLE KING WHOSE POWER IS HEREDITARY
GERMANICS
BARBARIANS THAT INVADED ROME FROM NORTH OF DANUBE
LUCRETIA
ROMAN PATRICIAN WHOSE RAPE BY SON OF ETRUSCAN KING LED TO FOUNDATION OF ROMAN REPUBLIC
HUNS
BARBARIANS THAT INVADED ROME FROM ASIA
REPUBLIC
GOVERNMENT WITHOUT A KING, USUALLY RULE BY REPRESENTATIVES OF THE PEOPLE
ATTILA
LEADER OF THE HUNS
EMPIRE
STATE THAT EXERCISES RULE OVER NATIONS ETHNICALLY OR POLITICALLY DISTINCT
BARBARIAN INVASIONS
4TH-5TH CENTURY INVASIONS THAT WERE THE MAIN CAUSE OF ROMAN EMPIRE'S FALL
SEPARATION OF POWERS
SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH RULING POWER IS LIMITED BY DIVIDING ITS FUNCTIONS, CHARACTERISTIC OF ROMAN REPUBLIC
DANUBE RIVER
NORTHERN BORDER OF ROMAN EMPIRE; GERMANIC INVASIONS CAME FROM NORTH OF IT
CONSUL
EXECUTIVE OFFICE IN ROMAN REPUBLIC
27 BC
DATE OF THE BEGINNING OF ROMAN EMPIRE
DICTATOR
TEMPORARY RULER DURING EMERGENCIES, IN ROMAN REPUBLIC
C.27 BC- C.180 AD
DATE OF THE PAX ROMANA
SENATE
PATRICIAN LEGISLATIVE BODY IN ROMAN REPUBLIC AND EMPIRE
4TH-5TH CENTURIES
DATE OF THE BARBARIAN INVASIONS OF ROME
PATRICIANS
NOBLE LANDOWNERS OF ROME
5TH CENTURY
DATE OF THE COLLAPSE OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
PLEBEIANS
PROPERTYLESS WORKERS AND SMALL FARMERS OF ROME
PUNIC WARS
WARS FOUGHT BY CARTHANGE AND ROME OVER CONTROL OF MEDITERRANEAN
BOARDING BRIDGE
MILITARY INNOVATION OF 1ST PUNIC WAR, ENABLING ROMANS TO BOARD CARTHAGINIAN SHIPS AND CONVERT NAVAL BATTLE TO LAND BATTLE
CARTHAGE
NORTH AFRICAN STATE THAT FOUGHT ROME IN PUNIC WARS
HANNIBAL
CARTHAGINIAN GENERAL IN 2ND PUNIC WAR
FABIAN TACTICS
TACTICS DESIGNED BY ROMAN DICTATOR FABIUS, ENABLING WEAKER ARMY TO FIGHT SUPERIOR FORCES
RICH-POOR GAP
ECONOMIC/SOCIAL SITUATION IN WHICH RICH KEEP GETTING RICHER WHILE POOR CANNOT
BREAD AND CIRCUSES
HOW ROMAN GOVERNMENT KEPT POOR ANGRY PLEBEIANS FROM REVOLTING: FREE BREAD AND ENTERTAINMENT
MARIUS
ROMAN GENERAL WHO STARTED 1ST PRIVATE ARMY BY OFFERING LANDLESS POOR CONQUERED LAND IN EXCHANGE FOR PERSONAL ALLEGIANCE
SULLA
ROMAN GENERAL WHOSE PRIVATE ARMY CONQUERED ROME
GRACCHUS BROTHERS
ROMAN PATRICIANS IN LAST YEARS OF REPUBLIC WHO TRIED LAND REFORM AND WERE MURDERED
JULIUS CAESAR
ROMAN GENERAL AND CONSUL WHOSE CONQUESTS AND REFORMS BROUGHT HIM TO NEAR-ABSOLUTE POWER BEFORE HIS ASSASSINATION BY THE ROMAN SENATE
SICILY
ISLAND OFF SW COAST OF ITALY (THE BOOT) WHICH CAUSED 1ST PUNIC WAR
OCTAVIAN
CAESAR'S NEPHEW WHO BEAT MARC ANTONY AT ACTIUM, BECAME 1ST ROMAN EMPEROR
POMPEY
ROMAN GENERAL, ADVERSARY OF CAESAR
MARC ANTONY
ROMAN GENERAL BEATEN BY OCTAVIAN AT BATTLE OF ACTIUM
AUGUSTUS
FIRST EMPEROR OF ROME
C.509 BC
DATE OF BEGINNING OF ROMAN REPUBLIC
C.264 BC
DATE OF ROMAN CONQUEST OF ITALY, BEGINNING OF PUNIC WARS
C.1ST CENTURY BC
DATE OF DECLINE OF ROMAN REPUBLIC
44 BC
DATE OF CAESAR'S MURDER
31 BC
DATE OF BATTLE OF ACTIUM
27 BC
DATE OF END OF ROMAN REPUBLIC / BEGINNING OF ROMAN EMPIRE
ROMAN PALESTINE
ROME-RULED PROVINCE WHERE JESUS WAS BORN
JESUS
JEWISH TEACHER WHOSE RESURRECTION INSPIRED CHRISTIANITY
CHRIST
GREEK 'MESSIAH', WHAT DISCIPLES CALLED JESUS
JEWISH RADICALS
ALSO CALLED ZEALOTS, OPPOSED JESUS' REFUSAL TO LEAD A REVOLUTION OF THE POOR
ZEALOTS
JEWISH RADICALS
JEWISH CONSERVATIVES
JEWS WHO OPPOSED JESUS' NONTRADITIONAL APPROACH TO JEWISH RITUAL
RESURRECTION
29 AD APPEARANCE OF THE SUPPOSED-TO-BE-DEAD JESUS, EVENT THAT BEGAN CHRISTIANITY
GOSPELS
LITERALLY, 'GOOD NEWS', NEW TESTAMENT ACCOUNTS OF JESUS' LIFE AND MINISTRY
MISSIONARIES
RELIGIOUS TEACHERS OUT TO CONVERT
PAUL
EARLY CHRISTIAN LEADER WHO PREACHED TO GENTILES AND WROTE LETTERS
CATHOLIC
GREEK FOR UNIVERSAL, USED TO DESCRIBE CHRISTIANS AFTER PAUL PREACHED TO GENTILES
GENTILE
NON-JEW
LETTERS (AKA EPISTLES)
WRITTEN BY PAUL TO HELP NEW CHRSITIAN COMMUNITIES ESTABLISHED IN 1ST CENTURY AFTER CHRIST
PETER
EARLY CHRSITIAN CHURCH WHO ESTABLISHED FIRST HIERARCHY, SERVED AS 1ST POPE, AND MOVED CHURCH TO ROME
MARTYR
PERSCUTED CHRISTIAN
POPE
LEADER OF CATHOLIC CHURCH AFTER PETER
CLERGY
PRIESTS AND BISHOPS OF CHURCH
EDICT OF MILAN
313 LAW BY CONSTANTINE THAT GRANTED TOLERATION TO CHRISTIANS
DIOCLETIAN
ROMAN EMPEROR WHO MADE CHRISTIANITY THE OFFICIAL RELIGION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
29 AD
DATE OF JESUS' CRUCIFIXION
313 AD
DATE OF EDICT OF MILAN
C.4 BCE-C29 CE
DATE OF JESUS' LIFE
1ST CENTURY CE
DATE OF GOSPELS
POPULAR ASSEMBLIES
LEGISLATIVE BODIES IN ROMAN REPUBLIC THAT REPRESENTED PLEBEIANS
BATTLE OF ACTIUM
31 B.C. BATTLE IN WHICH OCTAVIAN DEFEATED MARC ANTONY AND EVENTUALLY BECAME 1ST EMPEROR OF ROME
JEWISH RADICALS
REVOLUTIONARIES, ALSO CALLED ZEALOTS, WHO WERE ANGERED THAT JESUS WOULD NOT LEAD A REVOLUTION
MESSIAH
JEWISH CONCEPT OF A WORLD SAVIOR, AND WHAT HIS FOLLOWERS CALLED JESUS ('CHRIST ' FROM GREEK)
ROMAN STATE RELIGION
POLYTHEISTIC & EMPEROR-WORSHIPPING RELIGION WITH WHICH MANY ROMANS WERE DISSATISFIED IN THE ERA OF JESUS
CONSTANTINE
ROMAN EMPEROR WHO FOUNDED A NEW CAPITAL CITY IN THE EASTERN ROMAN (BYZANTINE) EMPEROR, AND WHO ALSO MADE PERSECUTION OF CHRISTIANS ILLEGAL
DIOCLETIAN
ROMAN EMPEROR WHO SUB-DIVIDED ROMAN EMPIRE AND MADE THE EDICT OF MILAN
EDICT OF MILAN
ROMAN EDICT THAT MADE CHRISTIANITY THE OFFICIAL RELIGION OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE