Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/29

Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Born into a merchant family, raised by Uncle
Encountered Christianity in the North
MUHAMMED
Muhammed experiences a series of revelations from ______ which were recorded in the ______.
GABRIEL
QU'RAN
In 622, Muhammed was run out of _____ in the _____. He fled to ______.
MECCA
HIJRAH
MEDINA
What are the Five Tenets in the Islam religion?
(doctrines of Muslims)
1. ONENESS OF GOD
2. MUHAMMED WAS A PROPHET
3. QU'RAN IS THE WORD OF GOD
4. BELIEF IN ANGELS
5. LIFE AFTER DEATH AND LAST JUDGEMENT
What are the Five Pillars?
(what you must do to be a good Muslim)
1. PROFESSION OF FAITH
2. DAILY PRAYER
3. CHARITY
4. FASTING DURING RAMADAN
5. HAJJ
What is the focal point of Hajj?
KAABA
commemorates the story of Abraham's willingness to obey God - cube shaped shrine
Who are the People of the Book?
CHRISTIANS AND JEWS
What are: successors to Muhammed?
CALIPHS
Who was the 1st caliph?
Was he successful?
ABU BAKR
YES
Who is the son-in-law and cousin of Muhammed that claims he is to take reign over the Arabian Peninsula?
ALI
Who did the Civil War break out between?
MU'AWIYAH AND ALI
Who supported Ali?
THE SHI'ITES
Who supported Mu'awyiah?
THE SUNNIS
Which wealthy family supports Mu'awiyah and later becomes a Dynasty?
UMAYYADS
The Umayyads helped spread Islam to ____ ____. The capital was in _________.
NORTH AFRICA
DAMASCUS
What led to the end of the Umayyad caliphs/Dynasty?
CALIPHS LIVED LAVISHED LIFESTYLES
Umayyads were replaced by the ______.
ABASSIDS
Where did the Abassids move the, once Damascus, capital to?
BAGHDAD
What were 5 features of Islamic Culture?
1. COSMOPOLITAN - sophisticated and multi-cultural
2. LITERATE
3. UPWARD SOCIAL MOBILITY
4. TOLERANCE
5. STATUS OF WOMEN - rough but improved lifestyles
What does Islam permit in which they allow men to have up to 4 wives?
POLYGAMY
What things did Muhammed allow the women to do?
OCCUPATION, EDUCATION
CHOICE IN HUSBAND
INHERIT PROPERTY
What is a secluded place in which women were kept away from society?
HAREM
What is the name of the castrated men that guarded the harems?
EUNUCHS
What is the process of veiling women?
PURDAH
Which Muslim translated and preserved the works of Aristotle?
AVICENNA (IBN SINA)
Which Muslim struggled with the relationship between faith and reason; then later came to believe that through faith and reason, one can reach the same truths?
AVERROES
Who raided India and found Indian temples that were rich with fortunes... and looted most of the treasure?
MUHAMMED OF GHAZNI
Who began to annex North India?
MUHAMMED OF GHUR
The conversions of SE Asia were voluntary. Which people were involved in this conversion process?
ARAB TRADERS
SUFI MYSTICS