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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
European history begins with the ________, which saw the end of the Roman Empire and barbaric invasions.
MIDDLE AGES
(also known as Dark Ages)
A new civilization occurs in the __ and __ Centuries.
8TH AND 9TH
______ is a way of fighting and governing. It's private and man-to-man.
FEUDALISM
These are the Germanic war bands that were loyal because they could pillage cities.
COMITATUS
Who invaded Europe from the East?
Who invaded Europe from the North (most serious)?
MAGYARS
VIKINGS
Because of the Viking invasions, people realized the need for _______ and ________.
LOCALS AND RAPID DEFENSE
The Muslims of Spain marched into ______, France. Who was the Frankish leader that defeated the Muslims?
TOURS
CHARLES MANTEL (introduced the calvary)
__________ is when local magnates (large-scale land owners) called young men of the village together to be soldiers for their private army - offered property in return.
INFEUDATION
What is a piece of land given to the soldiers which provides good incomes and gives the soldiers time to practice the art of warfare on top of a horse?
FIEF
What is the name for a local land owner?
LORD
What is the name for the young men given land?
VASSALS
What piece depicts the Battle of Hastings?
Who is fighting on that piece?
BAYEUX TAPESTRY
BETWEEN ANGLO-SAXONS AND NORMANS
(Normans won and occupied England)
What was an important battle during the 100 Years War?
What was its importance?
BATTLE OF CRECY
FRENCH WERE DEFEATED BECAUSE THE ENGLISH USES THE LONGBOW
What is manorialism?
ALL THE PEASANTS LIVED ON A MANOR AND GOT THE RIGHT TO USE SOME OF THE LAND.
Each year on the manors, the community would get together and decide what to plant and where. This is called the __________.
THREE FIELD SYSTEM
Most of the English population were serfs. What does this mean?
FORM OF BONDAGE
After the fall of Rome, towns were destroyed. What caused them to revive during the Middle Ages?
IMPROVEMENTS IN AGRICULTURE
What is an area with a small wall around it which would become crowded and new merchants had to settle outside of towns in suburbs?
BURG
Also known as the NUCLEUS OF THE TOWN
Towns were dominated by _____, an organization of people that practice a certain profession.
GUILDS
set quality regulations