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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who elects the pope?
COLLEGE OF CARDINALS
Where did the French pope decide to move the papacy in Rome to?
AVIGNON
What is a one year's income tax that officers in the church must pay?
ANNATE
Who was the reform-minded, Italian pope that wanted to eliminate some of the worldliness of the members of the church?
URBAN VI
What is the Great Schism?
SOME OF THE CARDINALS AGREED WITH POPE URBAN VI THAT THE CLERGY SHOULD CUT BACK ON MATERIALISM.
OTHERS SPLIT OFF, PICKED ANOTHER POPE AND MOVED BACK TO AVIGNON.
What was the importance of the Great Schism?
UNDERMINED THE MORAL AUTHORITY/PRESTIGE OF THE PAPACY
What was the New Devotion?
A MYSTIC MOVEMENT CREATED BY THE LAY PEOPLE. MADE PEOPLE BEIGN TO WONDER IF CHURCH WAS REALLY THE INTERMEDIARY BETWEEN THEM AND GOD.
What was the FUNDAMENTAL cause of the 100 years war?
FEUDALISM WAS BREAKING DOWN BECAUSE IT PRODUCED PROBLEMS
Aquitaine, Lords & Vassals
What is the main cause of the 100 Years War?
CONFLICTS AND DISPUTED CLAIMS TO THE THRONE BETWEEN THE VALOIS AND CAPETIANS
What gave England the appearance that they were going to win the first part of the 100 Years War?
MILITARY INNOVATIONS
INFANTRY & LONG BOW
What gave France the advantage in the 100 Years War?
JOAN OF ARC
INNOVATORS: GUNPOWDER AND CANNON
What were the effects of the 100 Years War?
NO MORE FEUDALISM
BEING TO DEPEND ON REPRESENTATIVE ASSEMBLES
Who did the ENGLISH rely on in terms of representative assemblies?
PARLIAMENT
Who did the FRENCH rely on in terms of representative assemblies?
GENERAL ESTATES
What is the Malthusian Crisis?
What is the basic problem?
NAMED AFTER AN ECONOMIST WHO STUDIED POPULATION TRENDS AND TRIED TO EXPLAIN EUROPE'S POPULATION FLUCTUATIONS.

AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY IS STAGNANT
What was the cause of the Bubonic Plague?
FAMINE, MALNOURISHMENT
SUBSISTENCE FARMING
AFFECTS LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
What is subsistence farming?
PRIMITIVE, A FARM THAT IS ENOUGH TO FEED THE FAMILY BUT NOT ENOUGH FOR THE FAMILY TO TRADE AT A MARKET
What are the effects of the Bubonic Plague?
1. SERFS ESCAPED AND MOVED TO TOWNS TO EARN HIGH WAGES - LORDS OFFER MONEY AND HOUSING FOR PEASANTS TO HAVE > PEASANT UPRISINGS
2. PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT > DANSE MACABRE