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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Xia Dynasty
early Chinese dynasty mainly known from legend
Shang Dynasty
Chinese dynasty (1766-1122 BCE)-bronze metallurgy and horse-drawn chariots, vast network of walled towns
Zhou Dynasty
foundation of Chinese thought formed during this period: Confucianism, Daoism, Zhou Classics
Mandate of Heaven
Chinese belief that the emperors ruled through the mandate, or approval, of heaven contingent on their ability to look after the welfare of the population
Period of the Warring States
not in book...
Oracle Bones
Chinese Shang dynasty means of foretelling the future-write question on animal bones then heating them to read the cracks for the answer
Book of Songs
collection of Chinese Zhou dynasty verses on themes both light and serious-showing Chinese style of life
Olmecs
early Mesoamerican society that centered around sites at San Lorenzo, La Venta, and Tres Zapotes athat influenced later Maya
Maya
Central American society (300-1100 BCE)-known for math, astronomy, and a sophisticated language
Teotihuacan
Central American society (200-700 BCE)-Pyramid of Sun largest structure in Mesoamerica
Micronesia
group of islands in Pacific
Lapita
firs Ausronesian settlers on Pacific Islands-agriculture, extensive trade networks, and communication over the ocean (early years), leaded by chiefs
achaemenids
first great Persian empire,
seleucids
Persian empire founded by Seleucus
parthians
Persian dynasty reached peak under Mithradates I
sasanids
Persian dynasty that falls to Arabic expansion
Han Dynasty
longest and most influential dynasty of China-had a confucian educational system and built an enormous bureaucracy
terra-cotta army
army of life-size pottery figures to gaurd the emperor in death nad protect him
Qin Dynasty
dynasty marking first unification of China and early construction of defensive walls
satraps
Persian administrators, members of royal family who owned a satrapy
zoroastrianism
persian religion-emphasis on duality of good and evil and on the role of individuals in determining their own fate would infulence later religions
zarathustra
prophet that thought zoroastrianism
eunuchs
castrated males, usually in charge of harem, who grew to play major roles in government-common in China
confucianism
philosiphy based on the teaching of chinese prophet Confucius, emphasizes order, role of gentleman, obligation to society, and reciprocity
legalism
Chinese philosophy from the Zhou dynasty that called for harsh supression of the common people
Ren, li, xiao
ren-courteous, respectful, diligent, loyal (goverment officials), li- seonse of propriety (individuals to behave in conventionally appropriate fashion), xiao-filial piety (reflected in high significance of the family in Chinese family-children respect family elders, take care, etc.)
daoism
chinese philosophy with origins in the Zhou dynasty, associated w/ philosipher Laozi, called for a policy of non-competition
imperial university
prepared young men for government service-university took Confucianism
Xiongnu
nomadic people from the steppes of central Asia-greatest foreign challange of Hans
paper
invented by Han craftsmen-fashion hemp, park and textile fivers into sheets of paper