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40 Cards in this Set

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Battle of Gettysburg
Pennsylvania town
Gen. Lee (S) Gen. Meade (N) North Won
Turning point in war. Last time the Confederates attempted to bring about a decisive battle on Union soil.
Battle of Antietam
town in Maryland, called Sharpsburg, near Antietam Creek
Gen. Lee (S) Gen. McClellen (N)
Technical draw -Considered Union Victory, 23582 Casualties Most dead ever preceeded emancipation proclamation
Battle of Chancellorville
south of Fredericksburg
Gen. Lee (S) Gen.l Hooker (N) Southern Victory
Stonewall Jackson dies
The Emancipation Proclamation
Two executive orders issued by Lincoln during the Civil War. The first one declared the freedom of all slaves in any state of the CSA that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863. The second order named ten states where it would apply.
The Second Great Awakening
was a religious revival movement during the early 19th century in the United States, which expressed Arminian theology by which every person could be saved through revivals. It enrolled millions of new members, and led to the formation of new denominations.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland tried to tax federal bank. The Court invoked the Necessary and Proper Clause of the Constitution which allowed the Federal government to pass laws not expressly provided for in the Constitution's list of express powers.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Contract Clause of the Constitution. The Supreme Court upheld the sanctity of the original charter of the College, which pre-dated the creation of the State. The decision settled the nature of public versus private charters and resulted in the rise of the American business corporation.
Cohens v. Virginia
decision most noted for John Marshall and the Court's assertion of its power to review state supreme court decisions in criminal law matters when they claim their Constitutional rights have been violated.
Gibbons v. Ogden
held that the power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution.
Fletcher v. Peck
Supreme Court ruled a state law unconstitutional, sanctity of legal contracts, and hinted that Indians did not hold title to their own lands
Battle of Charleston (Ft Sumter)
South Carolina
General Beauregard (south)
Major Anderson (North)
South Won
First shots fired in Civil War
First battle of Bull Run (First Manassas)
Manassas, Virginia
General McDowell (North)
Generals Johnston and Beauregard (South)
South Won
First Major Land Battle of Civil War
Second battle of Bull Run
Manassas, Virginia
General Pope (North)
General Lee (South)
South won
Battle of Petersburg
Petersburg, Virginia
Gen. Grant (North)
Gen. Lee (South)
North Won
Lee abandoned the city leading to his retreat and surrender in the Appomattox Campaign
Battle of Atlanta
Atlanta Georgia
Gen Sherman (North)
Gen Hood (South)
North Won
Led to the seige and taking of Atlanta
Who helped create the Utah Territory
Mormons
Who helped create the Williamette Valley
Fur Traders
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Held that slaves were NOT protected by the constitution
Marbury v. Madison
First time the Supreme Court declared something "unconstitutional", established the concept of judicial review (that courts may oversee and nullify the actions of another branch of government). helped define the "checks and balances"
Sir Martin Frobisher
was an English seaman who made three voyages to the New World to look for the Northwest Passage
Christopher Columbus
From Genoa, Italy. Led four voyages of exploration and several attempts at establishing a settlement on the island of Hispaniola, all funded by Isabella I of Spain
Jacques Cartier
was a French explorer of Breton origin who claimed what is now Canada for France
Giovanni da Verrazzano
was an Italian explorer of North America, in the service of the French crown.
Hernando de Soto
was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who, while leading the first European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States, was the first European documented to have crossed the Mississippi River.
Vasco da Gama
was a Portuguese explorer
Why was Pennsylvania founded
Commercial endeavor.
Why was North Carolina Founded
Commercial endeavor.
Why was South Carolina Founded
Commercial endeavor.
Why was Rhode Island Founded
Massachusetts Dissidents
Why was Georgia Founded
To put a buffer between Spanish Florida and English colonies and debtors could avoid prison
Why was Maryland Founded
Haven for Catholics
Why was Virginia Founded
Commercial Interest
Who founded Massachusetts
John Winthrop
Who founded Connecticut
Thomas Hooker
Who founded Georgia
James Oglethorpe
Who founded Plymouth
William Bradford
Who founded Maryland
George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore
Who Founded New Hampshire
John Mason
Who founded Rhode Island
Roger Williams
Who founded Connecticut
John Winthrop