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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
A narrow neck of land that acts as a bridge to connect two larger bodies of land.
What is an Isthmus?
Ex. The Isthmus of Panama where the Panama Canal was constructed.
The original inhabitants of a country.
What is Indigenous?
Ex. The Native Americans were Indiginous to North America. The Inuit/Eskimo were indigenous to Alaska and the Northwest Territories.
Large plains in the Amazon River Basin in Argentina which are the result of erosion steadily smoothing the lands's surface over millions of years.
What is the Pampas?
Plains of Argentina & surrounding areas that are wide and grassy
The plains of southern Columbia and Venezuela made by steady erosion causing smoothing of the land surface over millions of years.
What is the Llanos (YAHN-ohz)?
The largest plains on the Amazon River Basin.
A plant grown as a cash crop on Sea-Island plantations in the south used to make blue dye for clothing.
What is Indigo?
The dye used in making blue-jeans.
Middle or South American people with both Native American and European Ancestry.
What is a Mestizo?
Descendants of Native Americans (reddish brown) & Europeans(white) ancestors.
The descendants of European plantation colonists and Africans.
What are Mulattos?
European (white) and African (black) descendants from Middle and South America.
A small tree on which the cocoa bean grows which is ground to make chocolate powder used in cooking and drinks.
What is Cocoa?
Found in Tropical climates only and whose powder is mixed with sugar to make chocolate.
Large family-owned estates for growning crops introduced by the Spanish. A symbol of social status.
What is a Hacienda?
Similar to Share-cropping in the U.S.A.
Peasants lived on the estate and had small crops to grow their own food while working the owner's land as well.
Industries that manufacture cash crops such as cotton, tobacco, or indigo or goods such as automobiles, trucks, or railroad cars which require a large work force to produce.
What is Labor-Intensive?
Plantation and factory workers face a life of hard work with little reward of a better job with less manual labor.
The breaking-up of large landholdings and allowing for small farmers to own their own land giving them a vested interest in their own future.
What is Land Reform?
This reform broke up the land monopolies in Mexico by wealthy families after 1910 converting from the poverty of share-cropping to small scale subsistence farming.
A large system of mountain ranges located along the Pacific Coast of Central and South America.
What are the Andes Mountains?
Extend down the western coast of South America from the Sierra Madre of C.America
A large, grassy, treeless area in South America used for grazing and farming.
What are the Llanos?
plains of upper South America
A Savannah that has flat terrain and moderate rainfall, which make it suitable for farming.
What are the Cerrado?
A river mainly in Venezuela and part of South America's northernmost river system.
What is the Orinoco?
Second longest river in the world, running about 4000 miles from west to east, and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean,
What is the Amazon?
A river in Central and South America and one of three major river systems originating in the highlands of southern Brazil & traveling 3000 miles southwest.
What is the Parana?
A forest region located in the tropical zone with a heavy concentration of different species of broadleaf trees.
What is the Rainforest?
An ancient technique for growing crops on hillsides/mountain slopes, using step-like horizontal fields cut into slopes.
What is Terraced Farming?
A factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region.
What are Push Factors?
A factor that draws/attracts people to another location.
What are Pull Factors?
The basic supports needed to keep an economy going, including power, communities, transportation, water, sanitation, & education systems.
What is Infrastructure?