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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
A term South Americans use for the thick rain forest vegetation found in the eastern region meaning "forest".
What are Selvas? (245)
The thick, eastern, rainforest vegetation of eastern Equador.
In southern Peru, where the eastern and western ridges of the Andes Mtns. separate forming a broad highland plain between.
What is the Altiplano? (247)
A high-elevation (>12,000 ft.)grassland
extending into Bolivia with few trees.
An unusual weather pattern involving a warming of part of the Pacific Ocean, that occurs every five to ten years and causes a decrease in fish and an increase in flooding in some areas.
What is El Nino? (248)
Ocean near the coast warms causing fish to flee and severe flooding from heavy contiunuous rains. It effects ocean and weather conditions worldwide.
The use of violence as a means of political force.
What is Terrorism? (248 )
This problem has caused widespread poverty and corrupt government in using undemocratic methds to sway elections.
An overthrow of the existing government by another political or military group.
What is a military Coup ? (248)
Bolivia became independent in 1844 by a military overthrow or __?__ of the government.
The Spanish Colonial system of land ownership brought over by Europeans, whereby tenant farmers work part of the land from their own labor. The large estates on which tenants work.
What is the Latifundia system? (250)
Declining in productivity but commercial agriculture is increacing.
After land reform, the government divided some large estates into small farms for families.
What are Minifundios? (250)
Mini farms not large enough to be profitable.
A small country that separates two larger competing countries.
What is a Buffer State? (234)
Brazil & Argentina are more developed and larger neighbors to Uruguay and Paraguay; therefore they exert more influence and control over these smaller _______ states.
A term referring to the loss of soil nutrients that results from always planting the same crop in a particular area.
What is Soil Exhaustion? (236)
Growing cotton in the southern U.S. for too many years is similar to growing coffee in South America repeatedly without crop rotation or changes.
Northern cities of Atlantic S.A.are filled with huge slum areas called _______.
What are Favelas? (237)
What we call a "ghetto" in North America is referred to as a ________ in South America.
A metropolitan area given official help to strengthen its economic development.
What is a Growth Pole? (238)
Ex. Manaus, the Amazon's largest city is the historic center of rubber collection and a growing industrial area. The Brazilian government encourages industrial growth in the city with special laws helping foreign investors to start up industry there.
A substance gathered from quebracho trees of the Chaco, used to soften and preserve leather.
What is Tannin? (240)
Substance used in tanning leather.
A country that is completely surrounded by land and does not have an access to the ocean.
What is Landlocked? (242)
Paraguay shares borders with Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina. It has no coastal lands or ports and therefore it is called _____?______.