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11 Cards in this Set

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European intervention for reforms in OE 1839 and 1854
Protection of minorities:
France: Catholics and Maronites
Brtain: Jews and Druzes
Russia: Orthodox
European Consuls
Established by M.A. in Damascus
Catholic influence
-Maronites acknowledged in 1736. Jesuits introduced catholic press in 1853
Protestant Activity
American Protestant in 1847 had pringting press.
-Syria Protestant College in 1866, school of medicine in Beirut
Others
Brit Anglicans in Jerusalem. Russians were around too.
Effects of Guild System
-Guilds of ME were autonomous and applied division of labor, services
-Integrated religious communities through work ethic
-Merc Europe coencited w/trad. subsid. economy
-No pop. explosion/urban expansion
Impact of Industrial Empire
-Domination of local markets by Euro goods. Steamships in Beirut and Alex. Roads and railways.
-Ott Comm Treaty reduced customs duty
-Compet. of Euro goods in local mkts.
-Impact on local textiles (diminishing sales, layoffs etc.)
-Suez in 1869
Cash crops
Silk and cotton now divided to world economy
Proto-Bourgeoisie
New class of middlemen divided to world economy, mostly Christian.
Rural Revolts
Maronites in Mt. leb, moved to Druze territory.
Urban Riots
Aleppo in '50, Damsc in'60.
-Christians favored, minorities persecuted.
-Disparity b/n Haves and Have Notes (Craftsmen)
-Imitation of Euro texts through Jacquard loom
-Syrian Proto-Bourg
-Local manufacts. resort to partnerships across relig divide like guild