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65 Cards in this Set

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What is an accumulation of excess fluid between cells?
Edema
What causes inflammation and poor circulation?
Edema
What are the Edemas that are contraindicated for massage?
Contraindicated Edemas are heart, kidney failure. Liver congestion. Local infection. Mechanical blockage (clot, pregnancy, removed lymph nodes). Need advanced training
What are the Edemas that are indicated for massage?
Post-acute musculoskeletal injury.
Immobilization (if blood clots are ruled out)
Techniques specific for lymph flow, or that do not push fluid may be safe, depending on cause.
What is an infection with inflammation of lymph capillaries?
Lymphangitis
What is an occupational hazard for massage therapists?
Lymphangitis
What is it when lymph capillaries become infected, usually with resident strep?
Lymphangitis
Inflammation
Scarlet track running proximally toward nearest lymph nodes.
Can become systemic:swollen nodes, fever, malaise are signs and symptoms of what?
Lymphangitis
Should you massage someone with lymphangitis?
Not during acute infection. Best to wait until antibiotics are finished.
What is cancer of the lymph nodes
Lymphoma
What originates with DNA mutation of T-cell, B-cell, natural killer cell in lymph nodes.
Lymphoma
Painless enlargement of the lymph nodes is a sign and symptom of what?
Lymphoma
Fatigue, weight loss, night sweats, itchy skin, loss of appetite is a sign and symptom of what?
Lymphoma
Late stage: depressed immunity is a sign and symptom of what?
Lymphoma
Massage for Lymphoma?
Rigorous cirulatory massage is contraindicated. Work with oncology team for best treatment tolerance.
What is a viral infection of salivary glands and throat?
Mononucleosis
What spreads most efficiently through direct contact?
Mononucleosis
Kissing disease
Mononucleosis
What attacks the throat and salivary glands?
Mononucleosis
What attacks B-cells in lymph nodes, liver, spleen and makes B-cells looks like monocytes?
Mononucleosis
General fatigue, malise. Fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes. Maybe splenomegaly, hepatitis, rash, may last 2 weeks to several months are signs and symptoms of what?
Mononucleosis
Massage for Mononucleosis?
Not during acute stage
In recovery, lymphatic congestion may be present.
Energetic work to support healing without taxing lymph/circluatory flow is most appropriate.
What is it when the immune system reacts against triggers that are not inherently harmful?
Allergic Reactions
What is it when antibodies attach to non-dangerous antigens causing an inflammatory response?
Allergic Reactions
Anaphylxis and Angioedema are examples of what?
Allergic Reactions
What is a severe systemic reaction; massive histamine release; systemic vasodilation, risk of edema that can block airways, circulatory shock?
Anaphylaxis
1st exposure may not create extreme reactions; subsequent exposures get progressively worse.
Anaphylaxis
Triggers are antibiotics; latex; insect stings; blood products, eggs, fish, shellfish.
Anaphylaxis
Rapid onset of localized swelling.
Angioedema
Swelling in skin, genitals, extremities, GI tract, respiratory tract (can obstruct airways)
Angioedema
Triggers: Nuts, chocolate, fish, berries, eggs, milk, preservatives, aspirin, ACE, inhibitors, some hypertensive drugs.
Angioedema
Hives, flushing, respiratory distress; if in GI tract, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, bloating, ultimately, hypotension, fainting, shock are signs and symptoms of what?
Anaphylaxis
Depending on the location; usually asymmetric, may not be itchy, usually resolves within 72 hours are signs and symptoms of what?
Angioedema
Massage for allergic reactions?
Not while in acute reaction. Get information on allergens; use hypoallergenic lubricant if necessary.
Collection of signs and symptoms that center on debilitating fatigue.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Two CNS dysfunctions are somewhat consistent in what?
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis dysfunction. Sluggish, tenacious stress reponses, adrenal depletion occurs in what?
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Neurally mediated hypotension. Poor response to adrenaline; difficulty maintaining blood pressure occurs in what?
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Fatigue, unrelieved by rest.
General muscle/joint pain.
Low-grade fever, swollen lymph nodes.
Short-term memory loss, poor concentration.
Bloating, nausea, diarrhea etc are signs of what?
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
What has a huge overlap with Fibromyalgia and Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Massage for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
Can be key in movement toward better self-care.
Improves quality of sleep
Improves recovery after exercise, muscle and joint pain.
Abnormally high body temperature.
Fever
Indicates infection, tissue damage.
Fever
Cytokines stimulate immune system activity.
Fever
Interferon (antiviral agent) is more active.
Fever
Iron from liver and spleen is limited slows down pathogen
Fever
Raises heart rate, speeds circulation of immune system agents.
Fever
Increases cell permeability, more efficient chemical reactions.
Fever
Massage while with Fever?
Contraindicated while acute.
Masage therapist is at risk if contagious disease is present.
Noncirculatory techniques may be appropriate to help get through crisis.
Viral attack on immune system cells.
HIV/AIDS
Human immunodeficiency virus
HIV
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
AIDS
Virus enters the body through shared fluids
HIV/AIDS
Virus targets nonspecific WBCs, gets carried to lymph nodes. Then virus targets helper T-cells.
Without helper T-cells, immune response is crippled.
Virus invades active and inactive T-cells.
Virus can spread with different mechanisms: Core of lymph nodes, CNS cells.
HIV/AIDS
Massage for HIV/AIDS?
If client is HIV + and asymptomatic, massage is safe and appropriate.
Tissue response to injury or potential invasion.
Inflammation
What are the three main components of Inflammation?
Chemical (histamine, cytokines)
Vascular (vasoconstriction/vasodilation)
Cellular (WBC, platelets)
Pain, heat, redness, swelling are signs and symptoms of what?
Inflammation
Massage for inflammation?
At least local contraindication during acute phase. (some lymph movement techniques may be safe if practitioner is knowledgeable)
Automimmune attack on a variety of different tissues
Lupus
What are the three types of Lupus?
Drug-induced
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
What does Discoid lupus erythematosus affect?
Skin
What is Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Antibody attacks in various areas lead to...Arthritis, renal failure, thrombosis, CNS problems, pericarditis, plurisy....
Skin: malar or discoid rash, hives are signs and symptoms of what?
Lupus
arthritis: hand, feet more than spine. May have symptoms of fibromyalgia are signs and symptoms of what?
Lupus