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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Who was augustus?
Octavian, Caesar’s adopted son, emerged victorious from civil conflict senate awarded him the tittle of Augustus.
Define the term principate.
The system of rule that Augustus established, conveying the idea of constitutional monarch as coruler with the senate.
Define the term maius imperium.
The greatest imperial government of all.
How many soldiers constituted a legion? How many soldiers did Augustus have at his disposal?
150,000 men in a whole legion, but only 5,400 soldier in each. There were 280,000 disposal men. 130,000 auxillary
Who were the praetorian guards?
“nine cohorts of elite troops”, roughly 9,000 guarded the person of the princeps.
How much property did one have to possess to be a Roman senator?
Their land must value at 400,000 sesterces.
What changes or reforms did Augustus make to the Roman senate?
Religious cut and social legislation.
List four (4) Roman literary figures of this time and their respective work(s).
Virgil- The Aeneid
Horace- Satives and Epitsles
Ovid- Aomes, The Art of Love, and Metamorphoses
Livy- History of Rome (142 books)
What was the Julio-Claudian dynasty?
Augustus established a designated family member as princeps the next 4 rulers were related.
What were the major tendencies that emerged during the reign of the four Julio- Claudians?
Senate tended to be taken over by the emperors.
Who were the Flavians?
Vespasian, commander of the legions in the east, established himself as sole ruler and made his family the new dynasty.
Define the term Pax Romana.
The peace of Romans.
Who were the five good emperors widely praised for by their subjects?
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.
What were the five good emperors widely praised for by their subjects?
For extensive building programs.
What was the advice of Augustus to his successors regarding expansion?
Curb expansion and remains with in natural frontiers of the empire.