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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
etruscans
rulers of city staes nort of rome w/ advanced civilization
tiber river
river above rome
Adriatic
sea to the east of italy
Hannibal
son of hamilcar, leader in 2nd carthadinian war
latium
dominated by Rome. city on shore of tyrrhenian sea
pyreness mountains
northeast of spain west of italy
dignitas/gravitas/pietas
roman virtues
sicily
site of punic wars. won by rome
po valley
gaulish tribes. where the lived. north of italy
plebiscite
desicion of tribal assembly given force of law by hortensian law
veii
etruscan sity near rome
carthage
most important pheonician settlement in westner mediterranean, opponent of rome in the cartheginian wars
equestrian order/equates
2nd class of roman aristocracy often engaged in state contracts and money landing
the senate
body of aristocrats advising the consuls or later the emporer
consul
one of 2 yearly elected officials the cheif executives who gave their names to the year
Magna Gracia
large greece
Tribal assembly
assembly in which ciizens were grouped on the bases of their geographical location
stoa
colonnade open on one side to the agora. often with shops at the back
struggle of the orders
plebians vw. patricians
Fabian
cautious-avoiding
regulus
roman general captured by carthage in war. told to negociate peace treaty. or be tortured. told rome to never give up
natural law
body of laws derived from nature. believed to be binding upon human actions aprat from in conjunction with laws established by human authority
alps
north of italy
the forum
political and social center of rome
plebians
lower class in early rome
mercenary
one who fights for pay
pyrrhic victory
victory offset by staggering losses
aqueduct
pipe/channel to mive wather from remote source via gravity
apennine mountains
through italy
gauls
germanic people outsideof rome
patrician
upperclass in early rome which controlled the gov. after the expulsion of the kings
veto
to reject an idea for a law
client
a plebian who was dependent on a patrician in early rome
paterfamilias
male-dominated families
Tarquin the proud
legendary last king of rome
Romulus
legendary founder of rome
Tribune
1/10 officials elected yearly to portect the common people
Law of 12 Tables
laws written on a stone so that they couldn't be 'forgotten'
written on 12 stone tablets
precedent
an example set by an earlier leader
Republic
rule by the people
First Secession
when the plebians united and walked out of rome, building their own city
Cannae
site in S. Eastern italy at which hannibal defeated the romans in 216