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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Monarchy
form of government with 1 supreme ruler
Oligarchy
form of government where a few people are leaders
democracy
form of goverment rule by the people
aristocracy
dominant social group distinguished by birth rather than wealth
tyranny/tyrant
gow. with a tyrant or absolute ruler
Balkans
region near asia minor in mesopotamia
Arcon
Official elected yearly at Athens who gave his name to the year
Mediterranean
large inland sea, related to areas around/near the mediterranean sea.
Corinth
state at isthmus of corinth which was a man trading center
olympia
religous center in western peloponnesus
Sparta
State in South-central peloponnesus. famous for its way of life
Hellas
Greek for Greece
Piraeus
Port of Athens
Aegean Sea
Branch of Mediterranean Sea on which Greek culture was based
Aphrodite
goddess of Love
Stoa
colonnade open on one side to the agora, often with shops at the back.
Apollo
god of wisdom and music, worshipped especially at Delphi and Delos
Draco/Draconian
late 7th century Athenian noted for his harsh code of laws
Slaves
bound to servitude by another human being
barbaroi
non-greek
ostracism
constitutional device at Athens by which non popular leaders would be sent into exile for 10 years
divination
practice of attempting to fortell future events by supernatural means.
Athens
state in east-central greece, dominant in Aegean 5th Century
Pedagogue
teacher/leader
acropolis
fortified hill in athens on which the partenon was erected
isthmus
narrow stip of land, bordered on both sides by water connectied 2 bodies of land
Macedonia
kingdom north of ancient greece
Delphic Oracle
oracle of Apollo at Delphi noted for giving ambiguous answers
demagogue
a leader who ganis power through emotions, passions, and predudices of the people
exposure
exposing, unmasking, shower, revealing
parthenon
temple to Athena on the acropolis built 447-438
Mount Olympus
mountain in Thesaly. legendary home of gods
Ares
god of war
Athena
goddess of wisdom and arts, patroness of Athens
Zues
god of the sky, chief of Olympian gods
Artisans
skilled in an area of craft of handy-work
nomads
group of ppl with no home and move around according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water, or grazing land
olympic games
greatest of the games/festivities of ancient greece. Every 4 years in the plain of Olympia in Elis, in honor of Zeus
economic surplus
extra for trading/selling
polis
greek term for independent state which had a single political center
religous pollutions/unclean
immoral, evil, vile, unclean thoughts, ceremonial, impure, sinful
Dionysus
god who gave emotional release through wine and revels
crete
island on south side of aegean sea
antrhopomorphism
attribution of human motivation, characteristics, or behavior to inatimate objects, animals, or phenomena
galleys
large, generally single decked ship, propelled by oars/sails, and used as a merchant ship or warship in Mediterranean
Homer
a name attributed to illiad and odyssey, the first great words in greek literature which probablyassumed their final form in the 8th century
agora
assembly place for citizens of a greek polic, as at athens.