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86 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Emmigrates
-Leave to a country
-Lands and property are bought from them.
-Millions of murders
Thermidorian
-In the month of July
-Robes Pierre(Gullitened)
-This is in reaction to all of the violence
-Roman Catholic Church services legally held
The Constitution of 1795
-The right to vote came with land ownership
-Established a parliament with 2 houses
-The executive is a group of 5 men called The Directory
-Arguments still exist over power
Napoleon Bonaparte
-Government overthrown in the coup de Brumaire.
-Born in Corsica
-Sent to Elba for first exile
-Made a name for himself in the army (Good General)
-Collected Renaissance pieces from Northern Italy
-Finds Rosetta Stone
-Hereditary emperor of the French Government
-Crowned by the Pope on December 2nd
-No geographical limitations
-Snatches crown from Pope: "I am alone worthy to crown myself"
-Well-liked
-Revised law (Civil Law), Modernized it (Code Napoleon)
Lord Nelson
-Took fleet to Egypt and destroyed the French
-Left Napoleon stranded
-Napoleon left army without leader
-Napoleon plotted a coup to take over
First Consul
-Napoleon took over French government
-Known as the consulet
-1802, Consul for life with the authority to designate his successor
Code Napoleon
-No legal protection for women or bastards
-Restored slavery in the colonies
-Very tolerant on religion
-Concluded treaty with Pope (Concordat)
Concordat
-All bishops in France must be nominated by the government
-Church lands were confiscated
-Church is weakened
Defeating England
-Napoleon will not be satisfied till he has defeated England
-Goal is to won all European Countries
-1803, put tariff on anythin
g from England
-Economically brings England to her knees
-Called the Continental System
-Civilians were never included in the war but now they are
-confiscates British property in France
Water Wars
-Begins to trade with U.S.
-British search U.S. ships for contraband and they can take what ever they want (people)
-Bring U.S. into the war
-Napoleon Confiscates ship, crew, and cargo is ship doesn't pay tariff
-Napoleon can not invade England unless they are economically unstable
-Quickest way to England is through Russia
-U.S. Purchased Louisiana Purchase for $10-12 million
Battle of Trafalgar
-Most decisive naval battle
-War against England and France (allied Spain)
-Admiral Lord Nelson was the navel commander of HMS Victory
-'Talking Flags' (signals flags) tell other members of the fleet what to do.
-Lord Nelson died by armsman on French ship
Russian Campaign (1812)
-Assembled under 700,000 troops in Germany
-Begins his march to Russia
-Russian winter was worse than ever
-Russians left a scorched earth policy
-Arrives in Moscow and stays for 5 weeks
-General Winter kills the most men
Elba
-Napoleon sent to Elba
-Between Corsica and Italy
-Confined to the island
-Louis 18th ruling France
-In exile for a year
-Surprised everyone by landing in the South of France
Napoleon's Return
-Compared to Jesus coming back into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday
-Peace Conference ends
-War starts up again
-Duke of Wellington to defeat Napoleon
-Meet in Waterloo
Waterloo
-force of Germans arrived under General Blucher
-Napoleon was defeated
-Abdicate throne and he is sent into exile at St. Helena
-Died in 1821
Napoleon's Body Transfer
-British ships meet French ship and exchange body
-Burial right was read and buried
-English remove casket and take to Westminister Abbey into the basement
Europe at War
-England and Austria (Marie Antionette)
-The Congress of Vienna met to turn back the hands of the clock back to what it was before th French Revolution
-Had 4 major aims: legitimacy,compensate nations that had lost territories, make sure France can't do this again, and balance power
Congress of Vienna
-Kept the peace for quite a while
-A number of colonies in the western hemisphere took advantage of Spain's weakness and declared independence
-Army from Europe sent to U.S. to get land back
-The Monroe Doctrine states that no longer grounds for colonization, ownership of colonies may not change hands
-Four Men at the conference: Lord Castlereagh (british), Bishop Talleyrand (french), Csar Aleksandr (russia), Prince Metternich (austria)
Poland
-Dispute over Poland
-Poland is divided
-Burban dynasty renewed in France (under Louis 18)
-HRE is gone and in its place is various German Speaking states (Prussia and Austria)
-Prussia (protestant) German Confederation, Austria (Roman Catholic)
-Malta is taken by Britain and also Ceylon (Sri Lanka) known for tea and South Africa was taken by the dutch (boers)
-Denmark lost Norway to Sweden
France
-Louis 18 was a liberal
-Had a limited monarchy
-Ultra royalists were upset by the limited monarchy
-Count of Artois led the immigrants back
-Succeeded by his brother King Charles 10th (Count of Artois)
King Charles 10th
-Invites Jesuits back into France
-Gives annuity (every year check)
-lower interests on bonds
-helped by 2 writers (Thieres, Francis Guizot)
Prince Polignac
-Appointed as Prime Minister by Charles 10
-was told by the Virgin Mary what to do
-Sends an army and captures Algiars
-Lays Foundation in South Africa
-Issued July ordinances: censored the press, dissolved parliament, ordered new elections
Revolt in France
-Workers and students staged a riot and captured city hall in Paris
-Wanted to make France a democratic republic
-Charles Abdicated and fleed to England till death
Citizen King
-Duke of Orleans (Louis Philippe)
-Known as the July Monarchy
-Flag called tricolor
-accepted a charter from the people
-Actions are liked by the majority
Army to Rome
-Napoleon III tried to restore the Pope's Papal state in Rome.
-Established a Code Napoleon
-Approved Loi Falloux in France thus making a role for the church in the education
-argued to run for re-election
-
Recreate French Empire in Western world
-Wanted to get Mexico back
-Maimillian sent to be emperor of Mexico
-Violates Monroe Doctorine, but nothing was done about it because of the civil war
-Britain in favor of the south
-When the war was over the US told Napoleon to get out and Maximillian was shot
French Parliament
-July 1869, allowed to pass laws
-A parisian mob forced parliament to decree the fall of the empire to decree the fall of the empire
-Formation of the third republic
-war between france and prussia (franco-prussian war)
-Battle of Sedan: Napoleon III captured
-Escapes to England
-Last time France had a Monarch
Dreyfus Case
-Captain of the French Army
-Jewish
-Mayor of Vienna was very anti-semetic
-Accused of Espionage (secrets sold to Germany)
-Convicted of Treason, 1894
-Maintained his innocence
-shipped off to Devil's Island
Colonel Picquart
-Looked into Dreyfus' epsionage
-Found he was not the one who sold them
-Found that Major Esterhazy was the one
Ameel Zola
-Published an article called 'I Accuse"
-Accuses Military leaders of using Dreyfus to save face
-Brought Dreyfus back and had a second court marshall
-found him guilty again
-French president, Faure found Dreyfus innocent
-Gave Dreyfus a pardon
-Restored to the army with Rank of Major
-Complete Separation of Church and State
Great Britain
-English are superior to French
-England needed reform
-needs to Modernize their loaws in order to step into industrial world
-
Great Britain II
-Brought about the rotten boroughs
-Old Sarum: Solesbury owned by William Pitt
-Came a need for reform
-French Revolution happened and scared England
-Great Reform Bill
Great Reform Bill
-Passed house of commons but failed in house of lords
-Peers meant only someone who sat in the house of lords (monarch can appoint new peers)
-Counted absentees, passed bill 1832, Great Reform Bill becomes law
England
-British lay foundation for English language
-Cecil Rhodes became a multimillionare
-Left scholarships at oxford (white english males)
-Northern British colony (canada)
British North America Act (BNA)
-Becomes Canadian Constitution
-An Act of parliament
-July 1st is Canada Day
-We acquired Alaska
-Language Divide (French & English)
2 Party System
-Gladstone (liberal) and Disraeli (torry)
-Disraeli was jewish so his father had him baptized and raised in the church of england
-Queen really liked him
-Khedive in Egypt owned shares in the Suez Canal
-Sold controlling shares in the Suez Canal
-Rothschild gave money to England and England had the Suez Canal
-Germans were not allowed to use the canal
Queen Victoria
-Was queen for 60 years
-Died in January
-Longest reigning queen
-Second longest reigning Monarch since George III
-Apposed to Slavery
-Prince Albert from Germany was her husband
-Prince introduced the christmas tree
-No name on stamps
-Period known as the Pox Britannica (most peaceful time in western world)
Austro-Hungary Dual Monarchy
-Powder Keg of Europe
-Hungarians join with Austria but Austria is the more important
-Emperor of Austria = King of Hungary
-Slav House with a german face
Germans Rule House
-Habsburg or Hapsburg House
-Capital of Austro-Hungarian Empire is Vienna
-Germans are the ruling class
-2nd Most important were the magyars (hungarians)
-Hungarian and Finnish are not an endo-european language
-2nd group = peasants
-Commence carried on by the Jews
-Commerce carried on by the jews
-3rd group are the slavs (czech are the most important) lived in Bohemia
-Bohemia was the industrial part of the empire
Tension between German and Czechs
-Slovaks lived in Slovakia
-Ruled over by the Hungarians
Polish
-Poles at the lowest rank because there weren't many of them (lived in Galacia)
-Reuthinians (little Russians)
-Poles control reuthinians
-Poles allowed to use polish language
-Poles are worst to the Jews
-Yugo (southern Slavs)
-Croats lived in Croatia
-Serbs lived in Serbia
-Slovens lived primarily in Fiume and and Trieste
Religion and Dual Monarchy
-religion held the dual monarchy together
-good democracy
-Economics (because of free trade)
-want the people to learn german as their mother tongue
-Ottoman empire = sickman of Europe
Unification of Italy
-Difference in Northern Italians and Southern Italians
-Standard of living is higher in North
-Roman catholics in NOrth are a little more liberal in their religions
Count Cavour
-An Aristocrat
-Prime Minister of Piedmont
-Piedmont-Sardinia (united)
-lived in England and liked English government (constitutional monarchy)
-Venice or Venetia are ruled over by Austria
Tries to get Rome back
-Count Cavour makes a deal with Napoleon III to help him out with Austria, then he would give Napoleon Nice
-April 1859, able to provoke Austria into invading Norther Italy
-Piedmont became unifying city of italians
-Napoleon made peace treaty with austria
Garibaldi
-leader of the southerners
-Republican (wanted a republic and not a monarchy)
-Poor peasants were followers
-Wore red shirts
-Meet in Naples with cavour
-The two parties joined forces and united under King Victor Emmanual
-Italy has a monarchy till after WWII
-Kingdom of Italy doesn't include Papal states or Rome
-Florence is the capital
Scotland
Edinburgh
England
London
Wales
Cardiff
N.Ireland
Belfast
Rep. of Ireland
Dublin
Norway
Oslo
Sweden
Stockholm
Finland
Helsinki
Russia
Moscow
Estonia
Talinn
Latvia
Riga
Lithuania
Vilna
Belarus
Minsk
Ukraine
Kiev
Moldova
Chisinau
Poland
Warsaw
Germany
Berlin
Denmark
Copenhagen
Belgium
Brussels
The Netherlands
The Hague
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
France
Paris
Andorra
Andorra
Spain
Madrid
Portugal
Lisbon
Switzerland
Bern
Italy
Rome
Austria
Vienna
Czech Republic
Prague
Slovakia
Bratislavia
Hungary
Budapest
Slovenia
Ljubljana
Croatia
Zagreb
Bosnia & Herzegovnia
Sarajevo
Serbia & Montenegro
Belgrade
Romania
Bucharest
Bulgaria
Sofia
Albania
Tirane
Greece
Athens
Turkey
Ankara