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29 Cards in this Set

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History
a chronological record of significant events
Civilization
socially developed society

organized legal, religious & political policies
Village
The most advanced form of human organization in Western Asia
Paleolithic
The 'Old Stone Age'
Neolithic
The 'New Stone Age'
Hammurabi
Ruler of Babylon from 1792-1750 B.C.E.
Mesopotamia
First true cities emerged
Phoenicians
Semetic speaking residents of present day Lebanon from 1200-800 B.C.E.
Polis
greek city-state

p 84
One of the most political innovations of the ancient Greeks was the Polis, or city-state. They were independent social and political structures, organized around an urban center, containing markets, meeting places, and a temple, they controlled a limited amount of the surrounding territory.
Socrates
ancient Greek philosopher
The ancient Greek philosopher who emphasized the reexamination of all inherited assumptions and tried to base his philosophical speculations on sound definitions of words. He also wished to advance to a new system of truth by examining ethics rather than by studying the physical world.
Pericles
fifth century B.C.E. Athenian leader
The fifth century B.C.E. Athenian leader who served as strategos for thirty years and pushed through reforms to make Athens more democratic by giving every citizen the right to propose and amend legislation and making it easier for citizens to participate in the assembly and the great appeals court of Athens by paying an average days wage for attendance.
Pharoah
title for Kings of ancient Egypt
Ethical Monotheism
The belief that there is one god and an individual was responsible for his behavior and later judgment by this god
Plato
Socrates' most talented student.

He saw Socrates condemned to death. This made an impression and carried on Socrates work by running a informal school called the Acadamy
p111
Aristotle
Plato's greatest student
p112
Julius Caesar
Roman General who conquered the Gauls, invaded Britian & expanded Romes territory into Asia Minor. He was murdered by Brutus & Cassius.
Pax Romana
20 years of peace within Rome
Jesus of Nazareth
religious teacher and healer, executed by Pontius Pilate
Saint Paul of Tarsus
Self appointed apostle of Jesus, formerly Paul of Tarsus
Monasticism
separating yourself for religious reasons such as monks in a monastery
Muhammad
The founder of Islam

Prophet and teacher of ethical behavior
Prophet
one who speaks the will of God to man
Khalifa (caliph)
Rulers of the Islamic community who claimed descent from Muhammed
Qur'an (Koran)
Islam's holy book, comprised of Allah's revelations
Justinian
Emperor of Eastern Rome.
Justinian codified Roman law in the Corpus Juris Civilis and tried to reunify eastern and western halves of the old Roman empire.
Byzantine Empire
Eastern Rome during the middle ages, ct'd as Western Rome fell.
Rus'
People that gave their name to Russia
Julius Caesar
Roman General who conquered the Gauls, invaded Britain, & expanded Romes territory into Asia Minor

murdered by Brutus & Cassius
Khalifa

caliph
Rulers of the Islamic community who claimed descent from Muhammed