Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/105

Click to flip

105 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Medium
what is used. material and technique
Content
meaning, what it is about
Form
design, composition
Style
personality of artist. The combination of iconographical, technival and compositional features.
Aspescts of Art
medium, content, form, style.
All influenced by context: time and place
Elements of Art-The sensory properties
texture, line, shape, mass, color, value, space
texture
the visual or tactile surface quality of an object
line
a path traced by a moving point that can imply many things such as delicateness, agressiveness, calmness, based on its form
shape
conecting lines that enclose a space
mass
the size
color
any combination of the seven principal colors
value
lightness or darkness of the image
space
the depth of the image, 2-D or 3-D
Principles of design- the organizing guidelines
unity, variety, balance, movement, rhythem, proportion, emphasis
four approaches to art history
stylistic, iconographic, sociological, psychological
task of art historian
authenticate, date, analyze, interpret, evaluate
three traditional aesthetic theories
realism, romanticism, classicism
realism
relies on nature
romanticism
art of emotion
classisim
improves on nature
patron
someone who commisions works of art
nonrepresentational
not representing any known object in nature
representational
recognizable natural forms or created objects
naturalistic
true to life/follows nature
formalism
the doctrine or practice of strict adherence to stylized shapes or other external forms.
aesthitic
beutifull, likeness
esthetic
dullness
program
a group of works
iconology
the interpretation of a program
iconographic
the meaning of the subject
Icon
sacred image
Illusionism
a type of art in which objects are intended to appear real
formal elements
line, shape, color, light, and dark
composition
overall plan or structure
balance
harmonious blending of the formal elements
symetrey
an exact correspondance of parts on either side of an axis.
asymmetrical balance
opposite sides that are not symetrical but there is an equilibrium
modeling
the use of value in 2-d art to add shading
hatching
modeling lines to suggest shading
cross hatching
parralel modeling lines intersecting to suggest dark shading
shading
gradual transition from light to dark
one-point perspective
single vanishing point
foreshortening
the use of perspective to suggest an object getting shorter as it gets further away
geometric
based on mathmatical shapes
hue
a pure color w/ a specific wavelength
idealized
representation of objects and figures to idealized standards rather than real life
Intensity
the degree of purity of a color
monochromatic
having a color scheme based on shades of black and white
naturalistic
art seeking to represent art as it is in nature
neutral
lacking color
organic
having the quality of living matter
orthogonals
converging lines that meet at a vanishing point
picture plane
flate surface of a drawing or painting
pigment
a powdered substance used to give color to paint
primary color
the pure hues from which all other colors can be made. Blue, yellow, red
rectilinear
consisting of straight lines
saturation
degree of purity of a color. same as chroma, and intensity
secondary color
hues produced by combining two primary colors
tiertiary color
hue made by combining primary and secondary colors
value scale
a graded scale of value
abstract
having a generalized or symbolic form with only a essential resembalance to natural objects
achromatic
free of color
analogous hues
containing a common color
axonometric
a three dimensional depiction of an object
biomorphic
lifelike in shape
chromatic
colored
color wheel
a circular model illustrating the relationship between the various hues
complimentary color
hues that lie directly opposite each other on the color wheel
contour
the outline of a figure or form
binder, binding medium
a substance used in paint and other media to bind particles of pigmant together and enable them to adhere to the support.
cromlech
prehistoric monument consisting of a circle of monoliths.
dolmen
a prehistoric structure consisting of two or more megaliths capped with a horizontal slab
fire
to prepare by baking in a kiln or applying heat
kiln
an over used to fire
megalith
a large undressed stone used in the constuction of prehistoric monuments
menhir
a prehistoric monolith standing alone or grouped with other stones
monolith
a large block of stone used in megalithic structures
post and lintil construction
arcutictural system in which upright memebers (posts) support horizontal members (lintels).
relief
a type of sculpture in which the image is projected outwards(high or low) or inwards(sunken)
sculpture in the round
freestanding sculptural figures carved or modeled in three dimensions
support
the surface in which the pigmant is applied
tenon
a projecting member in a block of stone or other building material that fits into a grove or whole to form a joint
trilithon
an ancient monument consisting of two vertical megaliths supporting a third as a lintel
vehicle
the liquid in which pigments are suspended and which, as it dries binds the color to the surface of teh painting
armature
an inner framework supporting a sculpture
base
the lowest part of a column
capital
the decorated top of a column
cella
the main inner room of a temple
column
a cylindrical support with three parts: Base, Shaft, Capital
convention
a custom, practice, or principal that is recognized and accepted
cuneiform
a form of writing used in ancient mesopotamia
cylinder seal
a round cylinder with an image engraved. It would be rolled over clay and imprint the image repetedly
facing
an outer covering or sheating
glaze
a meterial used in pottery for a glossy finish
intaglio
lines are incised into a surface
hierarical proportion
size equals importance
lamassu
figures of bull or lions with wings and human heads
lapis lazuli
a semipricious blue stone used for the pigmant ultramarine
loadbearing construction
solid forms are superimposed on one another to form a tapering structure
pillar
a large, freestanding, loadbearing actutecture
provenience
origin, the act of coming from a particular source
register
a range or row, especially one of a sseries
shaft
the verticle part of a column
stele
an upright stone carved for commemorative purposes
ziggurat
a trapezoisal stepped structure representing a mountain