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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the desire and will to do something
motivation
the exent to which a person believes they can influence the external enviroment
locus of control
stage in which people are unwilling to change their behavior
Precontemplation stage
stage of change in which people are considering changing behavior in the next 6 months
contemplation stage
stage in which people are willing to change in the nxt month
preparation stage
stage ofd change in which people are actively changing a negative behavior or adopting a new healthy behavior
action stage
stage in which people maintain the change for the nxt 5 years
maintenance stage
stage of change in which people have elimnated an undesireable behavior or mantained a posititve behavior forover 5 years
termination / adoption stage
a slip or fall back
relapse
actions that help you achieve change in behavior
process of change
ued to permantently change negative behavior in favor of positive behaviors that will ead to better health and well being
Behavior modification
Methods of procedures used during each process change
techniques of change
the ultimate aim toward which effort is directed
Goal
steps required to reach a goal
objectives
Genetic substance of which genes are made molecule that contains cells genetic code
Deoxyribonucliec acid (DNA)
Genetic material that guides the formation of cell proteins
Ribonucliec Acid (RNA)
Noncancerous
benign
cancerous
malignant
group of diseases chrarcterized b y uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
cancer
genes that initiate cell division
Oncogenes
Genes that deactivate the process of cell division
suppressor genes
a strand of molecules at both ends of chromosome
telomeres
an enzyme that allows cells to reproduce indefinatly
telomerase
excapsulated maligant tumor that has not spreasd
Carcinoma in situ
Formation of blood bessesl
angiogenesis
the movement of cells from one part of the body to another
metastasis
cancer that spreads or grows at the original site but does not meastasize to other regions ofthe body
Nonmelanoma skin cancer
plants that produce cross shaped leaves ( cauliflower, broccoli cabbage )
Cruciferous vegetables
The most virulent rapidly spreading form of skin cancer
Melanoma
Portion of sunlight that causes sunburn and encourages skin cancer
ultraviolet B rays
degree of protection offered by ingredients in sunscreen lotion
sun protection factor .... SPF
low dose X rays of the breasts used as a screening technique for the early dtection of breast cancer
Mammogram
the mental emotional and physiological respnse of the body to any situation that is new threatening frightening or exciting
stress
stress causing event
stressor
positive stress under with health and performance continue to inprove even as stress increases
eustress
negative stress unpleasnt or harmful stress under which health and performance begin to deteriorate
distress
a natural state of equilibrium. the body attempts to maintain this equilibrium by constantly reacting to external forces that attempts to disrupt this ifine balance
homeostasis
a theoretical model that explains the bodys adaptation to sustained stress includes three stages alarm reaction, resistatnce, and exhaustion/ recovery
General adaptation syndrome
a questionnaire used to assess sources of stress in life
Life experiences survey
assessment tool used to determine behavioral patterns that define type A and B personalities
Structured interview
behavior pattern characteristic of a hard driving overambitious aggressive at times hostile and over ly competitive person
Type A
behavior pattern characteristic of calm casual relaed and easy going individual
Type B
behavior patterns of individuals who are just as highly stressed as the type A but do not seem to be at higher risk for desease that type b
Type C
physiological response to stress that prepares the individual to take action by stimulating the vital defense system
fight or flight
morphine like substance released from the pituitarty gland during prolonged aerobic exercise
endorphines
a stress management technique in which a person learned to influence physiological respnses that are not typicallly under voluntary control or responses that typically are regulated but for which regulation has broken down due to injury trauma and illness
biofeedback
a stress management technique that involves prgressive contraction and relaxation of muscle groups throughout the body
Prgressive muscle relaxation
a stress management tech. where in the individual concentrates on "breathing away" the tension and inhaling fresh air to the entire body
breathing exercise
mental visualization of calming images and scenes to induce body relaxation in times of stress or as an aid in the treatment of certain medical conditions such as cancer hypertension asthma chronic pain and obesity
imagery
a school of thought in the hindu religion that seeks to help the individual attain a higher level of spiritually and peace of mind
Yoga
stress management technique
meditation
cumpulsive and uncontrollable behaviors or use of substance
addiction
a drug prepared from a mixture of crushed leaves flowers small branches stesm seeds from the hemp plant Cannabis sative
Marijuanna
faster tah nnormal heart rate
Tachycardia
a condition characterized by loss of motivation dullness apathy and no interest in the future
amotivational syndrome
2 beta carbomethoxy 3 beatbenozoxytropane the primarty psychoactive ingredient derived from coca plant leaves
cocaine
amore potent form of amphetamine
methamphetamine
powerful central nervous system stimulant
amphetamine
a neurotransmitter that affects emotional mental and motor functions
dopamine
a synthetic hallucigen drug with a chemical structure that closely resembles MDA and methamphetamine aslo known as ecstacy
MDMA
MDA
a hallucinogenic drug that is structually similar to emphetamines
a potent drug that is a derivative of opium
Herion
a depressant drug that affects the brain and slows down central nervous system activity has strong addictive properties.
alcohol (ethyl alcohol)
disease in which an individual loses control over drinking alcoholic beverages
alcoholism
the effect of mixing two or more drugs which can be much greater than the drugs acting by themselves
Synergistic action
a disease characterized by scarring of the liver
cirrhosis
a disease affecting the heart muscle
cardiomyopathy
Air sacs in the lungs where oxygen is taken up and carbon dioxide is released from the bloodq
Alveoli
Addictive compoundfound in tobacco leaves
Nicotine
Chemical compound that forms during the burning of tobacco leaves
Tar
eliminating a negative behavior all at once
cold turkey