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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Function of the urinary system
Make urine, electrolyte balance, remove waste from blood, proper PH level
Anatomy of the urinary system
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 bladder, 1 urethra
Functional unit of the kidney
Nephron
Renal capsule
Fiberous connective tissue, covering outside of kidney
Renal cortex
Outer layer of kidney
Renal medulla
Middle layer of kidney
Renal pelvis
innermost layer of kidney
Afferent arterioles
Lead from renal cortex to glomerulus
Efferent arterioles
Lead from glomerulus to peritubular capillaries
Renal vein
Blood leaving kidney
Renal artery
Blood feeding kidney
Bowman's capsule
Membrane around glomerulus, AKA- glomerular capsule
Proximal tubule
AKA- proximal convoluted tubule, 1st section, renal tubule that glomerular filtrate flows
Distal tubule
AKA- distal convuluted tubule, drains into collecting ducts
Formation of urine
Filtration, reabsorption, secretion
Ureter
Tube that carries urine out of kidneys
Urethra
Tube that carries urine out of bladder
Dialysis
Artificial filtration of blood
Renal Failure
Acute medical emergency (AKA- kidney disease, kidney failure)
UTI
Fecal bacteria, ascending, common in women
Aldosterone
Steroid (kidney)
Other terms for urination
Void, micturition