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21 Cards in this Set

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Anton Leeuwerhoek
1632-1723
Discovered the microscope
Francessco Redi
1665
Helps disprove spontaneous generation by performing a simple controlledexperiment by using maggots
Spallanzani
1746
Helps disprove spont. genera. by hermetically sealing flasks of media to prevent contamination
Jehher
1796
-Developed first vaccine
It was for small pox and cowpox virus
(latin word for cow=vacca)
Schwann
1837
-allowed air into sealed flasks and yet kept them sterile by passing air through a heated convenluted metal tubile
Schoder & Von Dusch
1854
Used only cotton to let air in and keep dust and bacteria out
Pasteur
1822-1885
disproved sponta. genera. once and for all with his san neck flasks. He also developed a vaccine for rabies.
Rabby's Shot
Hydrophobia
Pare
used turpentine and egg yolk (instead of boiling oil) couterized amputated limbs. This was a break through in surgery
Appert
Developed the canning process to preserve food by keeping air and bacteria out
Again illustrating "practice proceeds theory"
Lister
1827-1912
Used carbolic acid phenol to dissenfect wounds. Revoltionized safer surgeries
Semmelweiss
Hungarain physician
advocated the washing of surgical instruments in chlorinated lime to prevent puerperal(childbed)
Book by Martin Thompson called "A cry and a convenant" is about his life
Koch
1843-1910
1st to prove bacertai causes disease known as the Germ Theory of Disease and to prove a microbe caused disease
one had to follow 4 steps knwon as " koch's Postulates
Cohn
discovered bacterial spores
Iwanowsky
1892
Discovered viruses
Ehrlich
1845-1915
Discovered the stain for TB
First antibiotic =SALVARARSAN
(also known as compound 606 or Ehrlichs MAgic Bullet)
-used to treat sypphllis son the nobel prize forfor his immune theory shared prize with Ellie Metchnikoff
Metchnikoff
Discovered phagocytosis
Von Be hring
Colleage of Ehrlich used antibodies to treat diptheria
Flemming
1992
Discovered the penicillan
Shared nobel prize with Florey and Chain who in 1939 did the real work of recognizing penicillans abd real potential and development and marketing the drug
Domagk
1935
Germain scientist who during WW2 deleveloped sulfur drugs for the treatment of TB He was awarded the nobel prize for his work, but was ordered by Aldolph Hitler to refuse it.
Waksman
discover Streptomycin