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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anterior
pertaining to the front
anteroposterior
pertaining to the front and to the back
bilateral
pertaining to two sides
caudal
pertaining to the tail
cephalad
toward the head
distal
pertaining to away(from the point of reference)
dorsal
pertaining to the back
inferior
pertaining to below
lateral
pertaining to a side
mediad
toward the middle
mediolateral
peratining to the middle and to the side
posterior
pertaining to the back
posteroanterior
pertaining to the back and to the front
proximal
pertaining to near(to the point of reference)
superior
pertaining to above
unilateral
peratining to one side(only)
ventral
pertaining to the belly(front)
frontal or coronal
vertical field passing through the body from side ot side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal
vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides
midsagittal
divides the body into right and left halves
transverse
horizontal field dividing the body into upper and lower portions
umbilical region
around the navel(umbilicus)
epigastric region
directly above the umbilical region
hypogastric region
directly below the umbilical region
hypochondriac regions
to the right and left of the epigastric region
lumbar regions
to the right and left of the umbilical region
iliac regions
to the right and left of the hypogastric region
epidermis
outer layer of skin
keratin
horny, or cornified, layer composed of protein. It is contained in the hair, skin, and nails.
melanin
color, or pigmentation, of the skin
dermis
inner layer of skin
sweat glands
tiny, coiled, tubular structures that emerge through pores on the skin's surface and secrete sweat
sebaceous glands
secrete sebum (oil) into the hair follicles where the hair shafts pass through the dermis
hair
compressed, keratiniszed cells that arise from hair follicles; the sacs that enclose the hair fibers
nails
originate in the epidermis. Nails are found on the upper surface ofthe ends of the fingures and toes.