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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The average amount of energy of motion in the molecules of a substance.
The energy of motion in the molecules of a substance.
thermal energy
The energy transferred from a hotter object to a cooler one.
An instrument used to measure temperature, consisting of a thin, glass tube with a bulb on one end that contains a liquid (usually mercury or alcohol).
The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid.
The direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.
The horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
Wind that blows steadily from specific directions over long distances.
global winds
A form of energy that can travel thfough space.
electromagnetic wave
Reflection of light in all directions.
A form of energy with wavelengths that are shorter than visible light.
ultraviolet radiation
A form of energy with wave-lengths that are longer than visible light.
infrared radiation
The distance from the equator, measured in degrees.
Bands of high speed winds about 10 kilometers above Earth's surface.
jet stream
The flow of air from an ocean or lake to the land.
sea breeze
The flow of air from land to a boy of water.
land breeze
The process by which heat is trapped in the atmosphere by water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and other gasses that form a "blanket" around the Earth.
greenhouse effect
Wind that blows over short distances.
local wind
Increased cooling caused by the wind.
wind chill factor
An instrument used to measure wind speed.
Sea and land breezes over a large region that change direction with the seasons.
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that is touching.
The way the Earth's rotation makes winds in the Northern Hemisphere curve to the right and winds in the Southern Hemisphere curve to the left.
Coriolis effect