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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Appeasement
effort to forestall war by giving in to the demands of a hostile power
Bilateral treaties
treaties made between two nations
Bush Doctrine
foreign policy based on the idea that the United States should take preemptive action against threats to its national security
Cold War
the period of the period of hostilities, but no direct war, between the United States and the former Soviet Union between the late 1940s and about 1990
Deterrence
the development and maintenance of military strength as a means of discouraging attack
Diplomacy
the representation of a government to other foreign governments
Executive agreement
an agreement, made between the president and another country, that has the force of a treaty but does not require the Senate’s “advice and consent”
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
international trade organization, in existence from 1947 to 1995, that set many of the rules governing international trade
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
an institution established in 1944 that provides loans and facilitates international monetary exchange
Isolationism
desire to avoid involvement in the affairs of other nations
Nation-state
a political entity consisting of a people with some common cultural experience (nation) who also share a common political authority (state), recognized by the sovereignties (nation-states)
Non-state actors
groups other than nation-states that attempt to play a role in the international system. Terrorist groups are one type of non-state actor
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
trade treaty between the United States, Canada, and Mexico to lower and eliminate tariffs between the three countries
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
a treaty organization, comprising the United States, Canada, and most of Western Europe, formed in 1948 to counter the perceived threat from the Soviet Union
Preemption
the principle that allows the national government to override state or local actions in certain policy area. In foreign policy, the willingness to strike first in order to prevent an enemy attack
Preventive war
policy of striking first when a nation fears that a foreign foe is contemplating hostile action
United Nations (UN)
an organization of nations founded in 1945 to serve as a channel for negotiation and a means of settling international disputes peaceably. The UN has had frequent successes in providing a forum for negotiation and on some occasions a means of preventing international conflicts from spreading. On a number of occasions, the UN has supported U.S. foreign policy goals