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23 Cards in this Set

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Authoritarian government
a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other social institutions.
Autocracy
a form of government in which a single individual - a king, queen, or dictator - rules
Citizenship
informed and active membership in a political community.
Constitutional government
a system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of the government.
Democracy
a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials.
Direct action politics
a form of politics, such as civil disobedience or revolutionary action, that takes place outside formal channels.
Direct democracy
a system of rule that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies.
Equality of opportunity
a widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential.
Government
institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled.
Laissez-faire capitalism
an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit with minimal or no government interference.
Libertarian
one who favors minimal government and maximum individual freedom.
Liberty
freedom from governmental control.
Limited government
a principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
Majority rule/minority rights
the democratic principle that a government follows the preferences of the majority of voters but protects the interests of the minority.
Oligarchy
a form of government in which a small group landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants controls most of the governing decisions.
Pluralism
theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation.
Political culture
broadly shared values, beliefs and attitudes about how the government should function. American political culture emphasizes the values of liberty, equality and democracy.
Political equality
the right to participate in politics equally, based on the principle of “one person, one vote."
None
Politics
conflict over the leadership, structure and policies of governments.
Popular sovereignty
a principle of democracy in which political authority rests ultimately in the hands of the people.
Power
influence over a government’s leadership, organization or policies.
Representative democracy/republic
a system of government in which the populace selects representatives, who play a significant role in governmental decision making.
Totalitarian government
a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it.