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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
father of Alexander the Great
Philip II
took over Macedonia after Phillip II and conquered the Persian Empire while spreading Hellenism (Greek Culture)
Alexander the Great
capital of Persia that was overtook by Alexander
Tarquin the Proud was overthrown by the Romans and Rome became a city-state
509 B.C.
lower class citizens of Rome
upper class of Rome; ran the early Rome Republic
Grandnephew of Julius Caesar; first Roman emperor; worked to restore the republic while increasing his own power; invaded the Germanic tribes beyond the Rhine River.
Octavian (Augustus)
Roman consul who played a major role in converting the Republic into the Roman Empire. First to conquer Britannia and spread the empire all the way to the Atlantic Ocean.
Julius Caesar
political alliance in Rome that included Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar
First Triumvirate
Carthaginian commander in Spain who lead Carthage against Rome during the Punic Wars
series of wars between Rome and Carthage which ended in the defeat of Carthage and the joining of Macedonia to the Roman Republic
the Punic Wars
fought against Rome during the Punic Wars; lead by Hannibal
Roman politician who was part of the First Triumvirate and who suppressed the slave revolt of Spartacus.
part of the Second Triumvirate along with Octavian and Lepidus; defeated by Octavian at the Battle of Actium during a Roman civil war.
Mark Antony
began as a lieutenant of Sulla; part of the First Triumvirate. Went against Caesar in a Roman Civil War.
Rome’s second emperor, Julio-Claudian emperor after Augustus. Was emperor when Jesus was sentenced to be crucified. Beginning of the Principate.
Created by Augustus, was an imperial bodyguard who often assassinated the emperors they were supposed to protect.
Praetorian Guard
claimed he was Messiah and was sentenced to crucifixion by Pontius Pilate.
Julio-Claudian Emperor (4th of Rome) after the assassination of Caligula. First emperor to be born outside of Italy. Built 2 major aqueducts.
site of battles between Rome and the Germanic Tribes in which 2 Roman legions were lost.
Teutoburger Forest
Jewish political movement against the Roman Empire. Fought to rid Judaea of the Romans.Disdained the Romans and had direct control of the Temple. Didn’t pay taxes to Rome and sometimes set attacks. Took over Jerusalem.
Hellenized Jew who was comfortable in both the Roman and Jewish worlds. Was the single most important figure responsible for changing Christianity from a Jewish sect into a separate religion. He was the first to voice a universal message of Christianity.
Apostle Paul
fall of the Roman Empire under Romulus Augustus
476 A.D.
“Rule of Four”; put into place by Diocletian.
Moved the capital of Rome to Constantinople. Legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire.
Roman emperor who divided thee empire into two parts. Took control of the eastern empire and gave the western empire to a colleague. Brought stability to the Roman empire and helped it survive; Tetrarchy.
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius
five good emperors
took 200 acres of land after the fire in Romen. Began the 1st of the Christian persecutions.
eldest ranking male in a Roman household
Roman aristocrat who recognized the troubles of Rome’s peasant farmers and urban poor. Tribune of the people of Rome.
Tiberius Gracchus
Began in Egypt in the 3rd century. Living in monasteries as a monk to seek God through prayer in isolation.
invaded Italy and sacked Rome in 410
Alaric of the Visigoths
Battle between the Visigoths and the Roman army where Emperor Valens is killed in battle; 378 B.C.
Battle of Adrianople
Roman consul who allowed landless veterans to serve in the Roman army. Attacks Rome after leadership of the army was given to Sulla.
Gaius Marius
philosopher who brought stoicism into the Hellenistic philosophy.
Consul in 88 B.C.; marched on Rome twice and became dictator
church leaders who rule over a district
bishop of Rome
refuted the geocentric view; supported the helio-centric view
mathematician who lived in Alexandria. “The Elements of Geometry”
head librarian at the library of Alexandria; calculated the circumference of the Earth.
greatest thinker of the Hellenistic period. Invented the compound pulley, catapult, and the Archimedean screw. “On Plane Equilibrium” and “On Floating Bodies”
Wrote one of the Gospels of Jesus
Apostle Peter
Wrote a brief set of regulations for the monks who had gathered around him at Monte Cassino between Rome and Naples called the “Rule”
Saint Benedict
“The Confessions” History is the account of God acting in time.
Saint Augustine
Constitutio Antoniniana; granted citizenship to all people in Rome
212 A.D.
made Chistianity the official religion of Rome
Jewish aristocrat decendents that interpret the Torah. They didn't believe in an afterlife
isolated group who thought they were decendents of Sadok. did believe in an afterlife
people who believed the Messiah is coming soon and think that there will be a time of tribulation
vespasian, titus, and domitian
the flavians
tiverius, caligula, claudius, nero
Julio-Claudian emperors