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25 Cards in this Set

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Ainu
The hairy, white, and tall people that Jimmu successfully battled. Now live in Hokkaido.
samurai
"One who serve" a person that is willing to die for their country. A great warrior used in Japan.
Nobunaga
Hideyoshi's general. Favored Hideyoshi. Was named deputy shogun by emperor. Was assassinated by own men.
Hideyoshi
Nobunaga's favorite troop that tracked down and killed Nobunaga's assassin. Great Leader that brought the period of warring states to an end. Made peace with Tokugawa. Became absolute military leader of Japan.First son died.
Osaka
A southwest, large seaport city. The home of the famous Osaka castle is here.
feudalism
A system of law set up by Tokugawa to organize the country.
Douglas MacAurthur
The general that accepted Japan's surrender. Lead the US to victory.
Shotoku
The smallest of the main Japanese islands, surrounded by the Inland Sea.
Mongols
People from Mongolia who attacked Japan twice, led by Kublai Kahn.
kamikaze
Divine wind. Also: fighter pilots who sacrifieced their planes in battle.
Minamoto
Family that included the mother (Lady Minamoto), elder son Yoritomo and younger son Yoshitsune.
Amaterasu
Sun-god born on the island of Japan who became the first ruler of Japan.
Buddhism
Religion of Eastern & Central Asia led by Gautama Buddha. Suffering is global and self-sacrifice is purifying. Samurais used Buddhism as a relaxing way to relieve their conscience. Originated in India.
Sleeping Giant
Japan's label for America. America the "Sleeping Giant" would be dangerous when awakened.
Jimmu
First emperor of Japan who ruled around 660BC. Closely related to Amaterasu.
shogun
Supreme ruler of Japan. The Minamotos ruled with complete military rule over Japan with Yoritomo (the eldest son) as supreme ruler.
Confucious
Chinese philosophy that teaches that all should obey their superiors - children should obey their parents, soldiers are to obey their leaders.
Tokugawa
Japanese leader who ruled after Hideyoshi and who eventually killed Hideyoshi's wife & son. Tokugawa was wealthy but believed in complete military control and encouraged feudalism (peasants farmed as slaves).
muskets
guns & gunpowder
Commodore Perry
American that sailed into port of Nagasaki with modern ships & modern guns. He eventually got Japan to open its doors to America.
Shintu
An early religion of Japan. Believed that spirit exists in all things living/non-living.
Hiruhito
Japanese emperor who surrendered Japan to the US ending WWII. He gave up his divine status the next year 1946.
Kobuki & No
No = theater for royal/high ranking military families - wooden masks. Kobuki = theater for common people. "No" theater features more action & music.
Edo
Tokyo was previously known as Edo.
Murasaki
Lady Murasaki who wrote a 54-book series "The Tale of Genji". She was a member of the royal family in early Japan.