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15 Cards in this Set

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Explain the warfighting philosophy of the USMC, per MCDP 1 in order to apply during daily
leadership, tactical decision-making, and mission execution
Battlefield Dynamics The battle field dynamics are: 5
• Friction-overcoming friction: knowledge, initiative, decisiveness, flexibility, will
• Uncertainty.
• Disorder.
• Human reaction.
• Violence and danger
1 Strategic- national level, president
2 Operational- WWII Island hopping
3 Tactical- battles, engagements
1 national level, president
2 WWII Island hopping
3 battles, engagements
___ must serve policy. Policy, or national policy, is simply the collected goals and objectives of our country as determined by our civilian elected officials.
Warfare by attrition pursues
victory through the cumulative destruction of the
enemy’s material assets by superior firepower.
Maneuver warfare is a warfighting philosophy that
seeks to shatter the enemy’s
cohesion through a variety of rapid, focused, and unexpected actions which
create a turbulent and rapidly deteriorating situation with which the enemy cannot
Mission tactics
is the tactic of assigning a subordinate a mission (the 5 W’s) without telling him or her how to accomplish it. Considered the “short-term contract,”
mission tactics/orders provide
subordinate commanders the latitude to make decisions altering the plan based on the opportunities presented them.
The commander’s intent is
the vision or “long-term” contract
that allows subordinates to understand the larger context of the operation and provides harmony to their actions.
The main effort
is the commander’s “bid for success” that recognizes the most critical action to be taken to defeat the enemy within the framework of the commander’s overall
battle plan
It requires the acceptance of risk (weighting) and attempts to focus combat power at the decisive place and time
Surfaces and Gaps
Surfaces are enemy hard spots (strengths), and gaps are
enemy soft spots (weaknesses). Avoid enemy strength and focus your efforts against enemy weakness with the object of penetrating the enemy system since pitting strength against weakness reduces casualties and is more likely to yield decisive results.
Combined Arms
Combined arms are the full interaction of arms in such a
way that to counteract one, the enemy must become more vulnerable to another. We pose the enemy not just with a problem, but also with a dilemma – a no-win situation
Center of Gravity
Center of gravity is the enemy’s key strength, which if defeated, will most quickly bend him to our will
Critical vulnerability
is the enemy’s key weakness that provides the pathway for destroying the center of gravity