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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the two components to the Full Scale IQ?
VIQ and PIQ
What are the components to the VCI?
Vocabulary
Similarities
Information
Comprehension
What are the components to the WMI?
Digit Span
Arithmetic
L-N Sequencing
What are the two sub-indexes to the VIQ?
VCI
WMI
What are the two sub-indexes to the PIQ?
POI
PSI
What are the components to the POI?
Block Design
Matrix Reasoning
Picture Completion
Picture Arrangement
What are the components to the PSI?
DS-Coding
Symbol Search
What does picture completion test?
-Ability to differentiate essential vs. non-essential
-Fluid intelligence
-Visual reception -Concentration
-LTM -Judgment
-Visual discrimination abilities and visual processing
What factors affect scores on Picture Completion?
-Ability to respond when uncertain -Alertness to environment
-Concentration -Negativism “nothing is missing”
-working under time pressure
What does Picture Completion uniquely test?
-Visual alertness -Long term visual memory
What clinical analysis can be done while administering Picture Completion?
-Personality concerns noted when several problems with the drawings are pointed out.
-Time before answering, gives up, persists, frustration level
-Negativity, Does the client find fault with the test or with self
-Quick responses may be intelligence and/or impulsivity
What does VOCABULARY test?
-Information taken from environment (acquired knowledge) -Crystallized intelligence
-Memory -Concept formation -Learning ability
-Language development
-Ease with language -Cultural background
-Best estimate of general ability
What factors affect scores on VOCABULARY?
-Cultural opportunities -Intellectual curiosity and striving -Interests
-Outside reading -Reading ability -School learning
-Early environment
What does VOCABULARY uniquely test?
-Language development
-Word knowledge -high g-loading
What clinical analysis can be done while administering VOCABULARY?
-High scores often reflect intellectual ambitiousness
-Look at content of responses. May provide indication of fears, preoccupations, feelings, interests, background, status, bizarre thoughts
What does DIGIT SYMBOL-CODING test?
-Dealing with unfamiliar tasks -Many skills tapped
-Visual motor, speed, attn to details, info processing, coordination, motivation
-Good at assessing attentional difficulties
-ACID -Speed -Manual expression -Visual-motor coordination/speed -Encoding information
What factors affect scores on DIGIT SYMBOL-CODING?
-Anxiety -Compulsivity or accuracy and details -Distractibility
-Learning disabilities ACID -Persistence -Working under time pressure
What does DIGIT SYMBOL-CODING uniquely test?
-Ability to follow directions -Clerical speed and accuracy
-Paper & pencil test
-Psychomotor speed -Visual STM
What clinical analysis can be done while administering DIGIT SYMBOL-CODING?
-Visual impairment must first be ruled out before interpreting
-Perfectionists often score poorly. Explain in directions that scoring is primarily speed.
-Lower scores for depressed people
-Be attentive to changes in speed. May be due to fatigue, memorization, motivation, distractibility, memorizing some of the symbols
What does SIMILARITIES test?
-Ability to bring together common elements
-LTM
-Crystallized and fluid intelligence
-Concept formation, organizational abilities -Abstract thinking -Creativity
-Previously learned association
-Conceptual judgment -Verbal reasoning
What factors affect scores on SIMILARITIES?
-Flexibility -Interests -Negativism “they’re not alike”
-Overly concrete thinking -Outside reading
What does SIMILARITIES uniquely test?
-Abstractive thinking
What clinical analysis can be done while administering SIMILARITIES?
-Responses will indicate abstract vs concrete thinking (conceptual vs perceptual)
e.g. table & chairs furniture vs wood
Several 1’s=concrete, limited potential
2’s abstract 2&0=greater capacity
-The type, length, pausing, specificity of response
-Least affected by educational background
-Not harmed by creativity
-Obsessive people sometimes given 2’s due to long responses, be careful
-Several 1’s may be more vulnerable to psychopathology
What does BLOCK DESIGN test?
-Perceive and analyze forms broken down into parts
-Fluid Intelligence
-Visual-motor coordination -Non-verbal -Spatial relations
-Anxiety can affect scores -Scores affected by both visual and motor skills
-Reproduction of models -Concept formation
What factors affect scores on BLOCK DESIGN?
-Cognitive style -Visual-perception problems -Working under time pressure
What does BLOCK DESIGN uniquely test?
-Nonverbal concept formation
-Analysis of whole into component parts
What clinical analysis can be done while administering BLOCK DESIGN?
-Look at response style, anxiety, frustration, timing before beginning
-Reflectivity or impulsivity can lower scores due to bonus points, best scores are no errors, quick
-Defensive clients may object, stating it is too child-like
What does ARITHMETIC test?
-Following verbal directions -Basic numerical operations -Attention/concentration
-Susceptibility to anxiety -Mental computation (not written)
-Mental alertness
-Numerical reasoning
-LTM
-Prior learning is important (acquired knowledge)
What factors affect scores on ARITHMETIC?
-Attn span
-Anxiety level
-Concentration
-Distractibility -School learning
-Working under time pressure
What clinical analysis can be done while administering ARITHMETIC?
-Since math level is ~7th grade, low scores are often due to blocking or nervousness
-Attempt to determine if incorrect response is due to computation, selection of wrong operations, failure to understand the question.
-Note bizarre responses
What does MATRIX REASONING test?
-Problem solving with abstract reasoning
-Ability to perform complex mental operations
-Perceptional reasoning w/o a speed component
-Attn to details
What are things to check for when administering MATRIX REASONING?
-Color blindness
-Vision
What does DIGIT SPAN test?
-STM
-Attention/concentration
-Fluid intelligence
-Mental alertness
What factors affect scores on DIGIT SPAN?
-Attn span
-Anxiety
-Distractibility
-Learning Disabilities -Negativism (some refuse, especially bwd)
What does DIGIT SPAN uniquely test?
-Immediate rote recall
-Reversibility
What clinical analysis can be done while administering DIGIT SPAN?
-Look at patterns to help determine if low scores are due to poor memory, anxiety, inattention, sequencing problems, negativism, poor memory strategies, etc.
-Sensitive to poor or nonstandard testing conditions
-Unfair to hearing impaired
-Lower with state anxiety, not trait
-Impulsivity noted when client begins to answer before examiner finishes
What does INFORMATION test?
-Ability to draw information from environment
-Social/cultural background
-Acquired knowledge
-Crystallized intelligence
-Retrieval
-Memory
What factors affect scores on INFORMATION?
-Alertness to environment
-Cultural opportunities
-English as first language
-Interests
-Learning Disabilities -Outside reading
-Richness in early environment
-School learning
What does INFORMATION uniquely test?
-Range of factual knowledge
What clinical analysis can be done while administering INFORMATION?
-Emotionally neutral, non-threatening items. Concerns when emotional response is evoked
-People with chronic anxiety may have early failures, and generally low scores. Encourage them to give first answer that comes to mind
-MR may have higher score than true score, due to over learning
-Bizarre responses are rare. Therefore noteworthy.
-Trivial responses may suggest obsessiveness.
-Low scores might suggest giving up easily or perfectionist who won’t respond unless sure of answer
What does PICTURE ARRANGEMENT test?
-Planning
-Fluid intelligence
-Judgment
-Cause-effect relationships
-Non-verbal reasoning
-Visual organization
-Common sense
-Rigidity (unable to change)
What factors affect scores on PICTURE ARRANGEMENT?
-Creativity
-Cultural opportunities
-Exposure to comic strips
-Working under time pressure
What does PICTURE ARRANGEMENT uniquely test?
-Anticipation of consequences
-Planning ability (sizing up a situation)
-Temporal sequencing
What clinical analysis can be done while administering PICTURE ARRANGEMENT?
-It may be helpful if the client verbalizes the story, correct or incorrect, after completed.
-Occasional failures may be cultural, due to different social expectations. Not problematic
-Influenced by psychopathology and bizarre thinking
What does COMPREHENSION test?
-Practical situations, drawing from real-life sitations
-Crystallized intelligence
-Understanding of socially acceptable behavior
-Knowledge of conventional standards
-Ability to verbalize (verbal conceptualization) (verbal reasoning)
-Common sense (judgment) -Social comprehension (social judgment
What factors affect scores on COMPREHENSION ?
-Cultural opportunities -Level of moral development
-Negativism “People shouldn’t pay taxes”
-Overly concrete thinking
What does COMPREHENSION uniquely test?
-Demonstration of practical information
-Evaluation and use of past experiences
-Generalization (proverbs)
-Social maturity
-Knowledge of conventional behavior standards
What clinical analysis can be done while administering COMPREHENSION ?
-Maladjustment often leads to emotionally laden responses and lowers scores
-More than any other Wechsler test, it straddles intellectual and emotional
-Conventional, not creative, responses are rewarded
-Can be unfair to foreign-born or nonmainstream culture
-Look at content patterns e.g.Passive, dependent: If lost if forest……=wait until found; Why wash clothes = mother said to
What does LETTER-NUMBER SEQUENCING test?
Attn span
STM
What factors affect scores on LETTER-NUMBER SEQUENCING?
None
What does LETTER-NUMBER SEQUENCING uniquely test?
None
What clinical analysis can be done while administering LETTER-NUMBER SEQUENCING?
None
What does OBJECT ASSEMBLY test?
-Constructive abilities
-Patterns, relationships, part/whole
-Recognition (LTM)
-Visual-motor coordination/speed
-Visual closure
-Fluid intelligence
What factors affect scores on OBJECT ASSEMBLY?
-Ability to respond when uncertain
-Experience with puzzles
-Flexibility
-Persistence -Working under time pressure
What does OBJECT ASSEMBLY uniquely test?
-Anticipation of relationships among parts
What clinical analysis can be done while administering OBJECT ASSEMBLY?
-Similar concerns as Block Design
-Look at frustration, rigidity
-Do they begin right away or pause to figure it out?
-If bizarre, ask what it is.
What is the best predictor of general intelligence
Vocabulary
What are some possible interpretations if V>P
1)verbal skills are > perf skills
2)environmental experiences > problem solving abilities
3)practical tasks are difficult
4)poorer visual-motor coordination
5)< speed
6)physical handicap (cautions to take in testing people with phys handicaps)
What are some possible interpretations if P>V
1) P is >V
2) higher visual/motor discrimination than verbal
3)higher immediate problem solving abilities
4)low academic achievement
5)low language deficits
6)low conceptual skills
What does VCI stand for and what does it mean?
Verbal Comprehension
Tests verbal knowledge attained through formal and non-formal means. Each require verbal expression of the answer.
What does FDI stand for and what does it mean?
Freedom from Distractibility.
Sustained concentration. Both involve numbers. Arith- must understand the question
What does POI stand for and what does it mean?
Perceptual Organization
Interpreting and organizing information in a limited period of time.
What does PSI stand for and what does it mean?
Perceptual Speed and Organization
Speed and perception with non verbal information. Need concentration and rapid movement
What are the differences between blacks and whites on the WAIS-III
Very strong differences: Vocabulary, Block Design
Non-significant differences: Digit Span, Pict Arr., Digit Sym-Coding
Strong differences: Rest of them
What WAIS-III deficits are associated with a left brain region injury?
Verbal, Language
What are the differences between Native Americans and whites on the WAIS-III
Native Americans P>V by 20-30 points
This does not necessarily suggest low Verbal skills.
What are some clinical reasons for V>P
-Depression (motivation, concentration, anxiety….)
-Bi-polar Lithium my slow down performance. Longer time on lithium…increased mental slowness
-Some results suggest Schizophrenia
What is a ACID Profile?
Arithmetic
Digit Symbol Coding
Information
Digit Span
What is a SCAD profile?
What is it used for?
Symbol Search
Digit Symbol Coding
Arithmetic
Digit Span

Used for ADHD