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13 Cards in this Set

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Before 1900 women could serve…
Women could serve on school boards, as Poor Law Guardians, on urban and district councils.
1897 saw the formation…
Formation of NUWSS - National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (the main Suffragist movement) - under leadership of Millicent Fawcett.
1903 saw the formation…
Formation of WSPU - Women's Social and Political Union (the main Suffragette movement) - under Emmeline Pankhurst.
1905: Suffragette militancy…
Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney disrupted a meeting of the Liberal Party. They began shouting out 'Will the Liberal Government give women the vote?'

The police tried to remove them and Christabel spat in a policeman's face and then hit him in the mouth.

She was arrested and charged with assault. She went to prison.
1906 Election…
Election of Liberal government. Four hundred of 650 MPs were in favour of women's suffrage.
1907 in Parliament…
Women's Suffrage Bill introduced in March but ran out of time to become law.
1908 change in government…
Herbert Asquith becomes PM. He is against votes for women but tells the women to prove there is popular support for women’s suffrage.

Massive suffragist and suffragette processions in London – but Asquith does nothing.

In frustration, suffragettes begins smashing windows in Downing Street and later chain themselves to railings.
1909 protests…
Liberals introduced a radical Suffrage Bill proposing women's suffrage for some women and the vote for virtually all men.
The Bill was passed in the Commons but then delayed by Parliamentary disputes over the People's Budget and then dropped when a new election was called in 1909.

Suffragettes sent to prison demand to be treated as political prisoners – go on hunger strike. Government starts force-feeding them so they do not die in prison.
1910 new bill…
In June an All Party Committee of MPs put forward a Conciliation Bill to give some women the vote. The Bill was passed by the House of Commons but then dropped when another election was called in November.

Furious Suffragettes stepped up their campaign of violence resulting in many clashes with police, with assaults by police and arrests – ‘Black Friday’.
1911 in Parliament…
Conciliation Bill reintroduced in May and passed with large majority.

In November the Liberal PM Asquith then changed his position. He decided to drop the Conciliation Bill and bring in a new measure to give more men the vote. He then indicated that MPs could add an amendment to give some women the vote.
1913 in Parliament
Government's Male Suffrage Bill introduced. However, the Speaker of the House of Commons ruled that a Male Suffrage Bill could not also give votes to women. The amendment to give votes to women was withdrawn.

Militant suffragette action became even more intense, including arson attacks, a bomb attack on Lloyd George’s house and the destruction of the London to Glasgow telephone line.
Emily Davison kills herself running in front of the king’s horse at the Derby.
1914 – the world changes…
Great War broke out in August.
All women's suffrage campaigners stopped campaigning and supported the war effort.

Despite this, the NUWSS continued to represent women and to press for recognition of the work that women were doing.
1918 result?
Government passed a Representation of the People Act, which gave the vote to all men over 21.

Some women also got the vote: women over 30 if they were householders, the wives of householders, occupiers of property with an annual rent of £5 or more, or graduates of British universities