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32 Cards in this Set

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Larynx
Voice box, evolved from a mechanism to keep foreign matter from the lungs, and for thoratic pressure.
5 steps in the vocal process
Voilition, Respiration, Phonation, Resonation,Articulation.
Voilition
brain sending signals
Respiration
the muscles act in coordination to control inhilation
Phonation
The larynx, or voice box, consits of folds that coordinate airflow to make a buzz.
Resonation
enhance the buzz tone with the resonators.
Articulation
The tongue, ja, cheeks, teeth, lips, hard and soft plates, and dental ridges coordinate in producing all the sounds normally associated with human verbal comm.
Opera
Created in Italy around 1600-1607
Recitative
Spoken in chord tones
Sprechstimme
dynamic, 2nd vienna school,
Shunberg and his student Berg.
Tessitura
comfortable vocal range
"the mark of a first rate mind is that it can maintain two contradictory ideas at one time" by
Jeremy Bentham
Modes of learning
Visual Mode, Auditory mode,Kinesthetic mode, and Analytical mode.
The minimum weekly requirement for achieving optimum effect is
20 to 30 minutes of aerobic exercise at least 3 times per week.
Diaphram
seperates the thorax(chest) from the viscera(abdominal cavity)
Thorax
Chest cavity
viscera
abdominal cavity
Epigastrium
the triangular part of the abdomin located at the base of the sternum, directly below the ribs.
Intercostals
attatched to the ribs, filling the gaps between the ribs with muscles and membranes. aid in inhilation.
Inspiration
When oxygen is needed, the diaphragm contracts and rib cage volume is increased, assisted by the intercostal muscles.
Respiratory action
Inspiration, suspension, expiration, recovery.
High Torso Breathing
involves shoulders and upper chest.
Middle torso breathing
involves expansion of the ribs
Low torso breathing
involves greater use of low abdominal muscles.
middle/low torso breathing
involves a combined use of the costal and low abdominal muscles.
Paper blowing
burnoli effect
larynx
cartilaginous framework
hyoid bone
only true bone in the larynx
thyroid cartilage
shaped like a sheild, comonly referd to as adams apple.
cricoid cartilage
resembles a signet ring, connects to the thyroid above and the trachea below.
3 types of Sustained Phonation
Apirate (lax) phonation, Pressed (tense) phonation, Coordinated (balanced) phonation.
3 types of Release
Apirate (soft) release, Glottal (hard) release, Coordinated (balanced) release.